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Visceral-to-Subcutaneous Abdominal Fat Ratio Is Associated with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Liver Fibrosis

Jung CH, Rhee EJ, Kwon H, Chang Y, Ryu S, Lee WY

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the association of visceral-to-subcutaneous fat ratio (VSR) with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and advanced fibrosis degree based on noninvasive serum fibrosis markers in the general population...
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Prognostic Value of Skeletal Muscle Depletion Measured on Computed Tomography for Overall Survival in Patients with Non-Metastatic Breast Cancer

Huh J, Park B, Lee H, An YS, Jung Y, Kim JY, Kang DK, Kim KW, Kim TH

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of skeletal muscle depletion measured on computed tomography (CT) in patients with non-metastatic invasive breast cancer. METHODS: This retrospective...
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Development and Validation of a Deep Learning System for Segmentation of Abdominal Muscle and Fat on Computed Tomography

Park HJ, Shin Y, Park J, Kim H, Lee IS, Seo DW, Huh J, Lee TY, Park T, Lee J, Kim KW

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop and validate a deep learning system for fully automated segmentation of abdominal muscle and fat areas on computed tomography (CT) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A fully...
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Therapeutic Angiogenesis with Somatic Stem Cell Transplantation

Murohara T

Therapeutic angiogenesis is an important strategy to rescue ischemic tissues in patients with critical limb ischemia having no other treatment option such as endovascular angioplasty or bypass surgery. Studies indicated...
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Platelet-Rich Plasma Pretreatment on Grit-Blasted Titanium Alloy for Enhanced Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells

Hong SH, Nam J, Kim HJ, Yoo JJ

BACKGROUND: Adequate bone formation around titanium alloy implants is integral to successful implantation surgery. Stem cell-coated implants may accelerate peri-implant bone formation. This study investigates the effect of platelet-rich plasma...
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The Correlation between the Ratio of Visceral Fat Area to Subcutaneous Fat Area on Computed Tomography and Lipid Accumulation Product as Indexes of Cardiovascular Risk

Kwon S, Han AL

BACKGROUND: Visceral obesity and cardiovascular disease are closely related. Research on relevant indexes of cardiovascular disease is particularly important. One of these indexes is lipid accumulation product (LAP). However, the...
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Enrichment of Short-Chain Ceramides and Free Fatty Acids in the Skin Epidermis, Liver, and Kidneys of db/db Mice, a Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Model

Kim M, Jeong H, Lee B, Cho Y, Yoon WK, Cho A, Kwon G, Nam KT, Ha H, Lim KM

Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) often suffer from diverse skin disorders, which might be attributable to skin barrier dysfunction. To explore the role of lipid alterations in the epidermis in...
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Breast Sparganosis Presenting with a Painless Breast Lump: Report of Two Cases

Oh MY, Kim KE, Kim MJ, Chu A, Lee JY, Park JH, Kim J, Hwang KT

Sparganosis is a parasitic infestation caused by sparganum, a plerocercoid tapeworm larva of the genus Spirometra. Since the first case of human sparganosis reported in 1908, sparganosis has been a...
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Percentage Body Fat is As a Good Indicator for Determining Adolescents Who Are Overweight or Obese: A Cross-Sectional Study in Vietnam

Trang LT, Trung NN, Chu DT, Hanh NT

OBJECTIVES: To identify trends in percentage body fat (PBF) in adolescents to determine gender-specific classification thresholds for being overweight and obese. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 899 adolescents (11 to 14.5...
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Intermuscular Adipose Tissue: A Brief Review of Etiology, Association With Physical Function and Weight Loss in Older Adults

Waters DL

Adipose tissue redistributes during aging resulting in increased intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT), intramuscular, and intramyocellular lipid while subcutaneous fat decreases. IMAT has been associated with lower muscle strength, power, and...
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Association of Chest CT-Based Quantitative Measures of Muscle and Fat with Post-Lung Transplant Survival and Morbidity: A Single Institutional Retrospective Cohort Study in Korean Population

Cho YH, Do KH, Chae EJ, Choi SH, Jo KW, Lee SO, Hong SB

OBJECTIVE: Abnormal body composition is an important modifiable risk factor in lung transplantation. Therefore, precise quantification of different body components, including muscle and fat, may play an important role in...
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Two Faces of White Adipose Tissue with Heterogeneous Adipogenic Progenitors

Hwang I, Kim JB

Chronic energy surplus increases body fat, leading to obesity. Since obesity is closely associated with most metabolic complications, pathophysiological roles of adipose tissue in obesity have been intensively studied. White...
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Idiopathic Primary Necrotizing Fasciitis of the Breast: A Case Report

Won YJ, Hwang JY, Moon JH, Ahn SK, Yang I, Woo JY

Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening infection characterized by extensive necrosis and inflammation of subcutaneous tissue and the fascia. Only a few cases of NF in the breast have been...
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Prognostic Significance of the Imaging Parameters of Adipose Tissue and Bone Marrow on F-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT in Patients with Malignant Melanoma

Lee JH, Lee SM, Kim JE

PURPOSE: Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake of bone marrow (BM) and adipose tissue is known to reflect systemic inflammatory response to cancer cell. The objective of this study was to evaluate the...
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Low-Frequency Intermittent Hypoxia Suppresses Subcutaneous Adipogenesis and Induces Macrophage Polarization in Lean Mice

Wang Y, Lee MY, Mak JC, Ip MS

BACKGROUND: The relationship between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and metabolic disorders is complex and highly associated. The impairment of adipogenic capacity in pre-adipocytes may promote adipocyte hypertrophy and increase the...
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Imaging Findings of Breast Metastasis from Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Cervix: A Case Report

Shin D, Chang YW, Lee EJ, Cha H, Hong SS, Hwang JY, Jin YM

Metastasis from extramammary malignancy to the breast is rare, and metastasis of cervical cancer to the breast is quite uncommon. We report atypical sonographic findings of a rapid growing, single,...
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Association Between Airway Parameters and Abdominal Fat Measured via Computed Tomography in Asthmatic Patients

Yang MS, Choi S, Choi Y, Jin KN

PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate whether airway parameters, assessed via computed tomography (CT), are associated with abdominal fat areas and to compare the clinical characteristics of asthmatic patients with and...
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A Case of Eosinophilic Annular Erythema

Kim JE, Roh MR

  • KMID: 2436850
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 2018 Aug;56(7):452-454.
Eosinophilic annular erythema (EAE) is a rare, recurrent disease of unknown etiology with tissue eosinophilia that was initially reported in a pediatric patient. It is debatable whether EAE is a...
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Sarcopenia Predicts Prognosis in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Independent of Tumor Stage and Liver Function

Ha Y, Kim D, Han S, Chon YE, Lee YB, Kim MN, Lee JH, Park H, Rim KS, Hwang SG

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the prognostic significance of changes in body composition in patients with newly diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients (n=178) newly...
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Toothpick Colon Injury Mimicking Colonic Diverticulitis

Jo MH, Namgung H

Although toothpick ingestion is rare, it can lead to fatal complications in the gastrointestinal tract. Diagnosing toothpick ingestion is difficult because most patients do not recall swallowing one. We report...
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