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Internet of Things, Digital Biomarker, and Artificial Intelligence in Spine: Current and Future Perspectives

Nam KH, Kim DH, Choi BK, Han IH

Recent interest in medical artificial intelligence (AI) has increased with onset of the fourth industrial revolution. Real-time monitoring of patients is an important research area of medical AI. The medical...
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An Application of Artificial Intelligence to Diagnostic Imaging of Spine Disease: Estimating Spinal Alignment From Moiré Images

Watanabe K, Aoki Y, Matsumoto

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) as a tool supporting the diagnosis and treatment of spinal diseases is eagerly anticipated. In the field of diagnostic imaging, the possible application of...
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The Evidence for Nonoperative Treatment of Lumbar Spinal Diseases

Kim HS, Ahn DK, Seo HY, Kim CS, Kim MJ

STUDY DESIGN: Review article. OBJECTIVES: To assess the evidence for nonoperative treatment of various degenerative spinal degenerative diseases. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: No study has yet evaluated the evidence for preoperative nonoperative...
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Comparative Measurements of Preoperative and Postoperative Radiological and Clinical Parameters of Direct Lumbar Interbody Fusion in Degenerative Spinal Disease Patients

Kim WJ, Hong YC, Soh JW, Kim CH, Jang H, Hong CH

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of prospectively-collected data. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the radiological outcomes of direct lateral lumbar interbody fusion (DLIF). SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: DLIF, as a minimally invasive spinal surgical procedure,...
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Intrathecal Baclofen Dosage for Long-Term Treatment of Patients With Spasticity Due to Traumatic Spinal Cord Injuries or Multiple Sclerosis

Skoog B, Hedman B

OBJECTIVE: To investigate dosage changes in intrathecal baclofen during long-term treatment of patients with severe leg spasticity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 49 patients treated with an intrathecal...
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Cervical Spondylotic Amyotrophy: Case Series and Review of the Literature

Takahashi , Hanakita J, Minami M, Tomita Y, Sasagasako T, Kanematsu

OBJECTIVE: Cervical spondylotic amyotrophy (CSA) is a relatively rare entity caused by cervical degenerative spinal diseases and characterized by motor weakness accompanied by remarkable muscle atrophy in the upper extremities...
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Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament: Surgical Approaches and Associated Complications

Head J, Rymarczuk , Stricsek G, Velagapudi L, Maulucci C, Hoelscher , Harrop J

Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is a rare but potentially devastating cause of degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM). Decompressive surgery is the standard of care for OPLL and can...
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The Concept for A Standalone Lordotic Endoscopic Wedge Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The LEW-LIF

Lewandrowski KU, Ransom NA, Ramírez León JF, Yeung A

OBJECTIVE: To review concepts of a standalone endoscopically assisted lumbar interbody fusion as a simplified method to treat spinal instability. METHODS: MacNab outcomes and complications were analyzed in a series of...
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Minimally Invasive Endoscopic-Assisted Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Technical Report and Preliminary Results

Kyoh Y

OBJECTIVE: Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a highly useful lumbar fusion surgical technique for degenerative spinal disease. However, many complications have already been reported. The purpose of this study...
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Evolution of Spinal Endoscopic Surgery

Kim M, Kim HS, Oh SW, Adsul NM, Singh R, Kashlan ON, Noh JH, Jang IT, Oh SH

Innovations in the development of endoscopic spinal surgery were classified into different generations and reviewed. Future developments and directions for endoscopic spinal surgery were discussed. Surgical therapy for spinal disease...
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Is It Radiculopathy or Referred Pain? Buttock Pain in Spinal Stenosis Patients

Shim DM, Kim TG, Koo JS, Kwon YH, Kim CS

BACKGROUND: Buttock pain is common, and there are no fixed guidelines for its diagnosis and treatment. This study compared a selective nerve root block and a facet joint block for...
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Management of Elderly Patients with Spinal Disease: Interventional Nonsurgical Treatment

Park SA

Owing to the upward shift in age structure, there is an increasing number of spinal diseases specific to elderly patients. Elderly spinal patients typically have a poor general condition with...
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Effect of needle type on intravascular injection in transforaminal epidural injection: a meta-analysis

Kim JY, Kim SN, Park C, Lim HY, Kim JH

BACKGROUND: Lumbosacral transforaminal epidural injection (TFEI) is an effective treatment for spinal disease. However, TFEI may have several types of complications, some of which can be attributed to intravascular injection....
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Gender Differences in the Self-assessment of Quality of Life and Disability After Spinal Fusion for Chronic Low Back Pain at a Neurosurgical Center in Eastern Europe

Ungureanu , Chitu A, Iancu I, Kakucs C, Maior T, Florian IS

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mechanical alterations of the spine, which can cause chronic low back pain (LBP), are a frequent indication for spinal fusion. Studies have shown differences between genders in patients’ evaluations...
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Risk Factors for Wound Infection in Spinal Surgery: A Focus on Diabetes Mellitus

Shin HK, Park JK, Kim E, Park JH, Park SJ, Ha SH, Jeong HJ

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for infection after spinal surgery. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Infection after spinal surgery is relatively uncommon. However, such infections cause serious consequences and...
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Overview of the Management of Chronic Non-Cancer Pain in Patients with Spinal Disease

Shin HK, Nam WD, Kim DS, Kim JH, Kim SK, Ahn TK, Kim SS

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multi-center survey study. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the pain status, pain management methods, and pain experience after treatment among patients suffering from chronic...
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Biportal Endoscopic Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Arthroscopy

Kim JE, Choi DJ

Lumbar spine fusion has been widely accepted as a treatment for various spinal pathologies, including the degenerative spinal diseases. Transforaminal interbody fusion (TLIF) using minimally invasive surgery (MIS-TLIF) is well-known...
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The impact of sarcopenia on the results of lumbar spinal surgery

Inose H, Yamada T, Hirai T, Yoshii T, Abe Y, Okawa A

OBJECTIVES: As the population ages, the number of lumbar spinal surgeries performed on sarcopenic patients will increase. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia and...
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Health Care Burden of Spinal Diseases in the Republic of Korea: Analysis of a Nationwide Database From 2012 Through 2016

Lee CH, Chung CK, Kim CH, Kwon JW

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the incidence and analyze trends related to spinal diseases based on a national database in the Republic of Korea (ROK) and to elucidate the...
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Neurospine: Harmonious Launch of a New Intellectual Odyssey

Ha Y

No abstract available.
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