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Epidural Abscess Caused by Eikenella corrodens in a Previously Healthy Child

Kim YK, Han MS, Yang SI, Yun KW, Han DH, Kim JY, Choi EH

Eikenella corrodens rarely causes invasive head and neck infections in immunocompetent children. We report a case of epidural abscess caused by E. corrodens in a previously healthy 13-year-old boy who...
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A Case of Septal Abscess and Sphenoid Sinusitis after Dental Implant

Lee J, Kim SJ, Choi MS

A nasal septal abscess results from the collection of purulent fluid between the cartilage of bony septum and overlying mucoperichondrium or mucoperiosteum. Unless early diagnosis and surgical treatment are performed,...
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Oculomotor and Abducens Nerve Palsy Complicated by Cavernous Sinus Thrombophlebitis Resulting from Acute Sinusitis

Kang JY, Kim JJ, Choi IJ, Lee MC

Cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis is a rare complication of paranasal sinusitis. The disease can result in a fatal outcome if not treated with proper antibiotics or surgical intervention. Recently, we experienced...
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Abducens Nerve Palsy and Optic Perineuritis Caused by Fungal Sphenoidal Sinusitis

Seo Y, Kim KJ, Kim WJ

PURPOSE: To report a case of abducens nerve palsy and optic perineuritis caused by fungal sphenoidal sinusitis. CASE SUMMARY: A 48-year-old male visited emergency department for retrobulbar pain, decreased vision, and...
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Sphenoid Sinusitis with Haemophilus influenzae Septicemia

Jeong W, Kim YA, Park Y

Haemophilus influenzae grows both aerobically and anaerobically and is an exclusively human pathogen. We present a case of septicemia originating from unilateral sphenoid sinusitis caused by non-typeable H. influenzae. No...
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Fulminant Superior Ophthalmic Vein and Cavernous Sinus Thrombophlebitis with Intracranial Extensions: Case Reports

Hwang J, Hong HS, Park J, Lee A, Choo EJ, Chang KH

Cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis (CST) is a rare and life-threatening disease without prompt diagnosis and treatment. Two cases of fulminant superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) and CST caused by maxillary periodontitis and...
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Acute Rhinosinusitis in Prominently Pneumatized Sphenoid Sinus Presenting with Unilateral Abducens Nerve Palsy

Park J, Cho JK, So YK, Hong SD

Acute rhinosinusitis is a rare cause of abducens nerve palsy. Most reported cases with VIth cranial nerve palsy associated sphenoid sinusitis are fungal sphenoid sinusitis, mucocele, or severe bacterial sinusitis....
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New daily persistent headache with isolated sphenoiditis in children

Lee J, Rhee M, Suh ES

Isolated sphenoid sinusitis is a rare disease in children, and its symptoms are often nonspecific and confusing. Rarely, severe headache can be the first or only symptom of isolated sphenoid...
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A Case of Pituitary Metastasis of Lung Cancer Presenting as Cavernous Sinus Syndrome

Lee JJ, Lee SH, Cho B, Kim K

The cavernous sinus contains significant structures such as the internal carotid artery and cranial nerves III to VI. Cavernous sinus lesions may cause ophthalmoplegia, proptosis, and diplopia. We report a...
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A Case of Invasive Aspergillosis Involving the Orbital Apex and Occipital Lobe:Successful Treatment with Voriconazole

Lim SH, Sung SH, Lim KH

PURPOSE: To report an immunocompetent patient with more than 1-year survival after treatment with voriconazole, despite invasive paranasal sinus aspergillosis involving the orbital apex. CASE SUMMARY: A 74-year-old woman with only...
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Orbital Apex Syndrome Related to Isolated Sphenoid Fungal Sinusitis

Lee SH, Hong SM, Lee HM

  • KMID: 2132092
  • J Rhinol.
  • 2013 Nov;20(2):123-126.
Orbital apex syndrome (OAS) has been described as malfunction of cranial nerve II in the optic canal and cranial nerves III, IV, V1, and VI in the superior orbital fissure...
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Intracavernous Sinus Arachnoid Cyst Confused with the Complication of Mycotic Sphenoidal Sinusitis

Lee LH, Choi AY, Kim JS, Yoon SW

The arachnoid cyst is a rare disease that accounts for about 1% of the intracranial mass. The etiology of arachnoid cyst is due to either congenital compromise of arachnoidal development...
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A Case of Fungal Sphenoid Sinusitis with Visual Loss

Lee JH, Hong YH, Mun SK

  • KMID: 1449529
  • Korean J Med Mycol.
  • 2011 Sep;16(3):109-112.
The maxillary sinus is the most commonly affected in the fungal infection of the sinus, but sphenoid sinus is only occasionally occurred. Because of the adjacent structures in sphenoid sinus,...
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Feasibility and Safety of Superolateral Sphenoidotomy: Radiologic Study by Analyzing Multiplanar Reconstructive CT Scans

Chung SW, Mo JH, Chung YJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The sphenoidotomy removing inferomedial side of anterior sphenoid wall has been the standard procedure to enter the sphenoid sinus. In this paper, we evaluated the feasibility and...
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Clinical Analysis of Isolated Sphenoid Sinusitis

Kim JS, Ye MK, Shin SH

  • KMID: 2297622
  • J Rhinol.
  • 2010 May;17(1):37-40.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Isolated sphenoid sinus disease is rare and difficult to diagnosis. Due to the close proximity of the sphenoid sinus to important structures, serious complications can develop. The...
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Ruptured Infectious Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysm Presenting with Epistaxis: A Case Report

Yoo HJ, Park JW, Lee BJ, Cho JH

  • KMID: 2132009
  • J Rhinol.
  • 2010 Nov;17(2):137-140.
Cavernous carotid aneurysms represent fewer than 2% of all intracranial aneurysms and are a rare cause of epistaxis, but rupture of an aneurysm into the sphenoid sinus may result in...
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A Case of Orbital Apex Syndrome Related to Sphenoid Fungal Sinusitis

Lee HR, Kim HJ, Seong SY, Chang JH

Orbital apex syndrome (OAS) has been described previously as a syndrome involving damage to the oculomotor nerve, trochlear nerve, abducens nerve, and ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve in association...
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A Case of Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome

Kang IG, Jung JH, Kim ST, Cha HE

  • KMID: 2223233
  • J Rhinol.
  • 2009 May;16(1):65-67.
Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (cavernoussinusitis) is a term used to describe diseases involving the content of the superior orbital fissure and/or anterior cavernous sinus, presenting as painful ophthalmoplegia, along with granulomatous inflammation....
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Isolated Sphenoid Sinusitis with Orbital and Intracranial Complication

Kim DH, Chun BJ, Lee JM, Park CS

  • KMID: 2297643
  • J Rhinol.
  • 2009 Nov;16(2):148-151.
Sphenoid sinus is adjacent to important intracranial structures, such as major intracranial vessels and some cranial nerves. However isolated sphenoid sinusitis is often misdiagnosed because presenting symptoms are initially subtle....
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Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea Secondary to Acute Sphenoid Sinusitis

Park JS, Bae WY, Gu TW, Kim HD

  • KMID: 2131942
  • J Rhinol.
  • 2008 Nov;15(2):152-155.
Acute sphenoid sinusitis is a relatively uncommon disease in the post-antibiotic era. Furthermore direct bony destruction and intracranial complications secondary to sphenoid sinusitis are extremely rare. However, it can have...
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