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Interaction of Autonomic and Vestibular System

Lee ES, Lee TK

The relationship between the vestibular system and the autonomic nervous system has been well studied in the context of the maintenance of homeostasis to the changing internal and external milieus....
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Anatomy and Physiology of the Autonomic Nervous System

Park BR

The autonomic nervous system (ANS) integrates the function of the internal organs for the homeostasis against various external environmental changes. The efferent components of the ANS are regulated by sensory...
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Effect of Glutamate on the Vestibulo-Solitary Projection after Sodium Nitroprusside-Induced Hypotension in Conscious Rats

Li LW, Jin GS, Yang YZ, Ameer AN, Kim MS, Park BR, Jin YZ

Orthostatic hypotension is most common in elderly people, and its prevalence increases with age. Attenuation of the vestibulo-sympathetic reflex (VSR) is commonly associated with orthostatic hypotension. In this study, we...
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The Centrifugal Influence on Gustatory Neurons in the Nucleus of the Solitary Tract

Cho YK

Neuronal activities of taste-responsive cells in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NST) are affected by various physiological factors, such as blood glucose level or sodium imbalance. These phenomena suggest...
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Effect of Vestibulosympathetic Reflex and Baroreflex on Expression of pERK in the Nucleus Tractus Solitarius following Acute Hypotension in Conscious Rats

Jiang X, Lan Y, Jin YZ, Park JY, Park BG, Ameer AN, Park BR

Control of blood pressure is maintained by the interaction between the arterial baroreflex and vestibulosympathetic reflex during postural changes. In this study, the contributions of vestibular receptors and baroreceptors to...
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Intragastric gavage with denatonium benzoate acutely induces neuronal activation in the solitary tract nucleus via the vagal afferent pathway

Jung HY, Kim W, Yoo DY, Nam SM, Kim JW, Choi JH, Yoon YS, Kim HY, Hwang IK

Natural toxic substances have a bitter taste and their ingestion sends signals to the brain leading to aversive oral sensations. In the present study, we investigated chronological changes in c-Fos...
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Ginsenosides Have a Suppressive Effect on c-Fos Expression in Brain and Reduce Cardiovascular Responses Increased by Noxious Stimulation to the Rat Tooth

Jung JY, Seong KJ, Moon IO, Cho JH, Kim SH, Kim WJ

The purpose of this study is to investigate the antinociceptive effects of ginsenosides on toothache. c-Fos immunoreactive (IR) neurons were examined after noxious intrapulpal stimulation (NS) by intrapulpal injection of...
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c-Fos-like Immunoreactivity in the nucleus of the solitary tract following taste stimulation of the contralateral side of the tongue

Kim Y, Chung KM, Kim KN, Cho YK

  • KMID: 2055090
  • J Biomed Res.
  • 2013 Mar;14(1):13-17.
Taste receptors of the anterior tongue are innervated by the chorda tympani (CT) branch of the facial (VIIth) nerve. The CT nerve transmits information on taste to the ipsilateral nucleus...
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Effects of oropharyngeal taste stimuli in the restoration of the fasting-induced activation of the HPA axis in rats

Yoo SB, Lee JH, Ryu V, Jahng JW

INTRODUCTION: This study examined the regulatory mechanism underlying the meal-induced changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal gland (HPA) axis activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (250-300 g) were hired for two different...
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c-Fos Expression in the Nucleus of the Solitary Tract in Response to Salt Stimulation in Rats

Kwak Y, Rhyu MR, Bai SJ, Sa YH, Kwon MJ, Lee BH

Salt signals in tongue are relayed to the nucleus of the solitary tract (NST). This signaling is very important to determine whether to swallow salt-related nutrition or not and suggests...
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Vagal Control of Satiety and Hormonal Regulation of Appetite

Owyang C, Heldsinger A

  • KMID: 2325834
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2011 Oct;17(4):338-348.
The paradigm for the control of feeding behavior has changed significantly. In this review, we present evidence that the separation of function in which cholecystokinin (CCK) controls short-term food intake...
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Changes in the Gastrointestinal Motility following Unilateral Labyrinthectomy

Lee JH, Lee GW, Choi SJ, Park EH

  • KMID: 2316761
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2009 Jun;8(1):15-22.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The temporal changes and the role of glutamate receptors in the recovery of vestibulogastrointestinal symptoms following unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL) were investigated in this study. Vestibulogastrointestinal symptoms were...
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Role of Central Vestibular Pathway on Control of Blood Pressure During Acute Hypotension in Rats

Jin YZ, Jin GS, Kim MS, Park BR

  • KMID: 2328947
  • J Korean Bal Soc.
  • 2005 Dec;4(2):189-200.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Central role of the vestibular system on control of blood pressure and interrelationships between the vestibular nucleus and solitary nucleus during acute hypotension were investigated in bilateral...
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Activation of Vestibular Neurons Projecting to Autonomic Brain Stem Nuclei Following Acute Hypotension in Rats

Choi MA, Wang WK, Choi DO, Kim MS, Park BR

  • KMID: 2285297
  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2004 Jun;8(3):133-140.
The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the possible involvement of the medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) and inferior vestibular nucleus (IVN) following acute hypotension in the vestibulo- autonomic...
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Nitric Oxide (NO) Inhibites the Neuronal Activities in the Rat Nucleus Tractus Solitarius

Kim MW, Park MS, Ryu SY, Jung JY, Jeong YJ, Kim SH, Kim MS, Kim WJ

  • KMID: 1517031
  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2004 Feb;8(1):7-15.
Nitric oxide (NO) system has been implicated in a wide range of physiological functions in the nervous system. However, the roleof NO in regulating the neural activity in the gustatory...
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The Effect of Melatonin Injection into Rat Brain Stem with Chronic Stress on Serotonergic Immunoreactivity

Kim MS

  • KMID: 1609555
  • Korean J Phys Anthropol.
  • 2004 Dec;17(4):321-330.
These experiments were performed to investigate the effect of saline, melatonin, stress, stressed-melatonin on serotonin immunoreactivity in rat brain stem. The animals were injected with melatonin (1 mg/kg, i.p.) after...
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The Role of the Vestibular System in Modulating Blood Pressure of Sinoaortic Denervated Rats

Cho SG, Lee JH, Kim MS, Jin YZ, Park BR, Oh SK, Jeong JW

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The vestibuloautonomic reflex controls respiration and blood pressure during locomotion. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of the peripheral vestibular receptor in the...
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Nociceptive and Trigeminal Cardiovascular Reflex Mechanisms after Noxious Intrapulpal Stimulation of the Rat Incisors

Jung JY, Jeong YJ, Kim SH, Oh WM, Lee KH, Kim MS, Kim OJ, Park HO, Oh HK, Lee EJ, Kim MW, Kim WJ

  • KMID: 1894514
  • Korean J Anat.
  • 2003 Feb;36(1):23-30.
Expression of c-Fos, an immediate early gene, has accepted to be a marker of functional activity in neurons. This study was aimed to investigate the dental pain pathway and the affection...
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The Effect of Photoperiod and Melatonin Injection on Serotonergic Immunoreactivity in Rat Brain Stem

Kim MS, Jeon SW, Lee CH

  • KMID: 2224521
  • Korean J Anat.
  • 2003 Dec;36(6):537-547.
These experiments were performed to investigate the effect of photoperiod and melatonin on serotonergic immunoreactivity in rat brain stem. The animals were injected with melatonin (1 mg/kg, i.p.) after light...
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Fos Expression Induced by Combined Injection of Leptin and Cholecystokinin in the Rat Brain

Kim YU, You KS, Kang HS, Chung CH, Hwang TS

  • KMID: 2199982
  • J Korean Soc Endocrinol.
  • 2002 Aug;17(4):486-500.
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported that cholecystokinin (CCK), a short-term meal related satiety signal, and leptin, long-term signal for controlling feeding behaviour and body weight, act synergistically to inhibit food...
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