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Effect of bilateral infraorbital nerve block on intraoperative anesthetic requirements, hemodynamics, glycemic levels, and extubation in infants undergoing cheiloplasty under general anesthesia

Rajan S, Mathew J, Kumar L

Background: Inappropriate use of intravenous and inhaled anesthetics may be dangerous in infants undergoing facial cleft surgeries. This study primarily aimed to compare the effect of infraorbital nerve block on...
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Inhalation sedation for postoperative patients in the intensive care unit: initial sevoflurane concentration and comparison of opioid use with propofol sedation

Jung S, Na S, Kim HB, Joo HJ, Kim J

Background: Although the use of volatile sedatives in the intensive care unit (ICU) is increasing in Europe, it remains infrequent in Asia. Therefore, there are no clinical guidelines available. This...
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Effect of dexmedetomidine on dynamic cerebral autoregulation and carbon dioxide reactivity during sevoflurane anesthesia in healthy patients

Banik S, Rath GP, Lamsal R, Bithal PK

Background: There are conflicting opinions on the effect of dexmedetomidine on cerebral autoregulation. This study assessed its effect on dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA) using a transcranial Doppler (TCD). Methods:...
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The immunosuppressive effects of volatile versus intravenous anesthesia combined with epidural analgesia on kidney cancer: a pilot randomized controlled trial

Efremov SM, Kozireva VS, Moroz GB, Abubakirov MN, Shkoda OS, Shilova AN, Yarmoshuk SV, Zheravin AA, Landoni G, Lomivorotov VV

Background: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the use of inhalational anesthesia leads to higher suppression of the cell-mediated immunity compared to total intravenous...
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Does desflurane need more irrigating-pump pressure for the visibility in arthroscopic shoulder surgery than sevoflurane?

Nam DJ, Kim SH, Park SH, Lee H, Kang BB, Lee JH

Background: In arthroscopic shoulder surgery, a mechanical fluid-irrigation system is used to wash out blood from the joint. If used at high pressure, it can cause side effects such as...
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Sevoflurane with opioid or dexmedetomidine infusions in dogs undergoing intracranial surgery: a retrospective observational study

Marquez-Grados F, Vettorato , Corletto F

This study reports the clinical use of two sevoflurane-based anesthetic techniques in dogs undergoing craniectomy. Twenty-one animals undergoing elective rostrotentorial or transfrontal craniectomy for brain tumor excision, anesthetized with sevoflurane,...
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The comparison of desflurane and sevoflurane on postoperative hepatic function of infant with biliary atresia undergoing Kasai operation

Lee J, Kim MS, Lee HM, Lee JR, Park JH

BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia is an extrahepatic progressive obliterate cholangiopathy that occurs in infants. Kasai procedure, a surgical method that can help re-establish bile flow from the liver into the intestine,...
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Cerebrovascular reactivity to hypercapnia during sevoflurane or desflurane anesthesia in rats

Sakata K, Kito K, Fukuoka N, Nagase K, Tanabe K, Iida H

BACKGROUND: Hypercapnia causes dilation of cerebral vessels and increases cerebral blood flow, resulting in increased intracranial pressure. Sevoflurane is reported to preserve cerebrovascular carbon dioxide reactivity. However, the contribution of...
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Three minutes propofol after sevoflurane anesthesia to prevent emergence agitation following inguinal hernia repair in children: a randomized controlled trial

Abbas MS, El-Hakeem , Kamel HE

BACKGROUND: Emergence agitation (EA) is a common problem after sevoflurane anesthesia among children. There have been mixed results with control of EA using propofol 1 mg/kg bolus following sevoflurane anesthesia....
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Effects of Dexmedetomidine Infusion During Sevoflurane Anesthesia on Otoacoustic Emissions

Åžahin MÄ, Vural A, Akın A, Ketenci Ä, Ãœnlü Y

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Knowing the ototoxic potential of the agents used in medical treatments is important for the protection of hearing. Although we have knowledge regarding some effects of dexmedetomidine,...
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Effects of propofol, desflurane, and sevoflurane on respiratory functions following endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal pituitary surgery: a prospective randomized study

Oguz A, Akcil EF, Tunali Y, Vehid H, Dilmen OK

BACKGROUND: General anesthesia with intravenous or inhalation anesthetics reduces respiratory functions. We investigated the effects of propofol, desflurane, and sevoflurane on postoperative respiratory function tests. METHODS: This single-center randomized controlled study...
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Postoperative emergence agitation and intraoperative sevoflurane sedation under caudal block in children: a randomized comparison of two sevoflurane doses

Choi EK, Park S, Park KB, Kwak KH, Park S

BACKGROUND: Sub-umbilical surgery under caudal block in conjunction with sevoflurane sedation may be safe in terms of maintaining spontaneous breathing and avoiding complications associated with general anesthesia. However, sevoflurane-induced emergence...
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Optic nerve sheath diameter changes during gynecologic surgery in the Trendelenburg position: comparison of propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia and sevoflurane anesthesia

Lee YY, Lee H, Park HS, Kim WJ, Baik HJ, Kim DY

BACKGROUND: Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP), a disadvantage of laparoscopic or robotic surgery, is caused by the steep angle of the Trendelenburg position and the COâ‚‚ pneumoperitoneum. Recently, sonographically measured optic...
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Comparison of sevoflurane and propofol anesthesia on the incidence of hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes undergoing lung surgery

Kim H, Han J, Jung SM, Park SJ, Kwon NK

BACKGROUND: The type and regimen of anesthesia may affect perioperative hyperglycemia following major surgical stress. This study compared the effects of sevoflurane and propofol on the incidence of hyperglycemia and...
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Comparative randomized study of propofol target-controlled infusion versus sevoflurane anesthesia for third molar extraction

Chung PK, Dhanrajani P

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare hemodynamic and recovery characteristics of total intravenous anesthesia using propofol target-controlled infusion (TCI) versus sevoflurane for extraction of four third molar...
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Effects of bilateral superficial cervical plexus block on sevoflurane consumption during thyroid surgery under entropy-guided general anesthesia: a prospective randomized study

Kannan S, Surhonne N, R CK, B K, D DR, R S RR

BACKGROUND: Bilateral superficial cervical plexus block (BSCPB) provides good postoperative analgesia, but its effect on anesthetic consumption is unknown. This study evaluated the effects of BSCPB on sevoflurane consumption during...
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The effect of pre- and after-treatment of sevoflurane on central ischemia tolerance and the underlying mechanisms

Xu H, Mei XP, Xu LX

In recent years, with continuous research efforts targeted at studying the effects of pre- and after-treatment of inhaled anesthetics, significant progress has been made regarding the common clinical use of...
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miR-34a Inhibitor May Effectively Protect against Sevoflurane-Induced Hippocampal Apoptosis through the Wnt/β-Catenin Pathway by Targeting Wnt1

Zhao X, Sun Y, Ding Y, Zhang J, Li K

PURPOSE: Research has shown that sevoflurane-induced toxicity causes neurodegeneration in the developing brain. miR-34a has been found to negatively regulate ketamine-induced hippocampal apoptosis and memory impairment. However, the role of...
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Blood Gas Analysis of Respiratory Depression during Sevoflurane Inhalation Induction for General Anesthesia in the Disabled Patients

Yoon T, Kim S

Tidal volume by sevoflurane in small amounts is stable due to the increase in the breathing rate. But alveolus ventilation decreases due to sevoflurane as the degree of sedation increases;...
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Apocynin preserves glutamatergic neurons in the basolateral amygdala in mice with neonatal sevoflurane exposure

Sun Z, Satomoto M, Adachi YU, Makita K

BACKGROUND: Neonatal exposure to anesthetics induces neuronal apoptosis and long-term cognitive dysfunction in rodents. We showed that the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase inhibitor apocynin not only reduces neurotoxicity by decreasing...
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