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Hemodynamic Consideration in Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring in Neuromuscular Scoliosis Surgery

Chung SY, Lim CH, Park YG, Kim HS, Kim D, Park J

Objective To prove the hypothesis that the parameters of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) during will be more deteriorated in neuromuscular scoliosis (NMS) than in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Methods This retrospective study...
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Evaluation and Comparation of a Novel Surgical Technique and Hemivertebra Resection to the Correction of Congenital Cervical Scoliosis in Lower Cervical and Cervicothoracic Spine

Cao S, Chen X, Pan S, Diao Y, Zhao Y, Xia T, Li W, Zhou F, Sun Y

Objective: To report concave-side distraction technique to treat congenital cervical scoliosis in lower cervical and cervicothoracic spine. To evaluate and compare clinical and radiographic results of this procedure with classic...
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Diagnosis of Scoliosis Using Chest Radiographs with a Semi-Supervised Generative Adversarial Network

Lee W, Shin K, Lee J, Yoo SJ, Yoon MA, Choi YW, Hong GS, Kim N, Paik S

Purpose To develop and validate a deep learning-based screening tool for the early diagnosis of scoliosis using chest radiographs with a semi-supervised generative adversarial network (GAN). Materials and Methods Using a semi-supervised learning...
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The association between idiopathic scoliosis and growth hormone treatment in short children

Park M, Kim YJ, Oh KE, Kang E, Nam HK, Rhie YJ, Lee KH

Purpose: Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form of scoliosis, and the risk of onset and progression has been found to correlate with growth spurts. Therefore, treatment with recombinant human...
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Predictive Factors for Outcomes of Overcorrection Nighttime Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Systematic Review

Moradi V, Babaee T, Shariat A, Khosravi M, Saeedi M, Parent-Nichols J, Cleland JA

Predictive clinical and radiological factors can potentially identify adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) most likely to benefit from overcorrection nighttime bracing. These factors can provide helpful information in clinical decision making....
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Psychometric Properties of the Scoliosis Research Society Questionnaire (Version 22r) Domains Among Adults With Spinal Deformity: A Rasch Measurement Theory Analysis

Kyrölä K, Hiltunen S, Uimonen MM, Ylinen J, Häkkinen A, Repo JP

Objective: Adult spinal deformity (ASD) have lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) compared to the general population. Applying Rasch measurement theory (RMT), this study tested the revised Scoliosis Research Society-22...
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Does Implant Density Impact Three-Dimensional Deformity Correction in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis with Lenke 1 and 2 Curves Treated by Posterior Spinal Fusion without Ponte Osteotomies?

Lertudomphonwanit T, Berry CA, Jain VV, Sturm PF

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Purpose: To determine whether implant density impact three-dimensional deformity correction in posterior spinal fusion (PSF) without Ponte osteotomies (POs) for patients with Lenke 1 and 2...
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Feasibility of Single-Stage Posterior Passive Correction and Fusion Surgery for Congenital Scoliosis in Adolescent Patients Who Have Attained Skeletal Maturity

Chiu CK, Tan RL, Gani SMA, Chong JSL, Chung WH, Chan CYW, Kwan MK

Study Design: Retrospective study. Purpose: To report the perioperative and radiological outcomes of single-stage posterior passive correction and fusion (SSPPCF) in adolescent patients who present with congenital scoliosis. Overview of Literature: The...
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Coronal Plane Gap Increases Postoperative Pseudoarthrosis after Lateral Interbody Fusion for Adult Spinal Deformity

Okada E, Yagi M, Yamamoto Y, Suzuki S, Nori S, Tsuji O, Nagoshi N, Fujita N, Nakamura M, Matsumoto M, Watanabe K

Study Design: This is a retrospective study. Purpose: This study aims to evaluate the risk factor associated with pseudoarthrosis after placement of lateral interbody fusion (LIF) cages for adult spinal deformity...
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Occlusal deviations in adolescents with idiopathic and congenital scoliosis

Zhang H, Ma J, Zhang Z, Feng Y, Cai C, Wang C

Objective: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the characteristics of malocclusions in scoliotic patients through clinical examinations. Methods: Fifty-eight patients with idiopathic scoliosis (IS) and 48 patients with congenital scoliosis (CS)...
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Spontaneous Rib Fracture during Boston Brace Treatment for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Park EJ, Min WK, Chung S

Brace treatment is a well-documented conservative treatment method for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. On the other hand, previous studies reported skin problems, decreased lung capacity, and chest wall deformity as complications....
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Minimally Invasive Surgery versus Open Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Neradi D, Kumar V, Kumar S, Sodavarapu P, Goni V, Dhatt SS

Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is being recommended over more invasive methods. MIS advantages are less time in the operating room, less blood loss, a shorter recovery time, and shorter length...
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The Last Touched Vertebra on Supine Radiographs Can Be the Optimal Lower Instrumented Vertebra in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients

Kim DH, Hyun SJ, Lee CH, Kim KJ

Objective: To determine whether the last touched vertebra (LTV) on supine radiographs is suitable for the lower instrumented vertebra (LIV) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) correction surgery. Methods: In total, 57...
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Clinical Issues in Indication, Correction, and Outcomes of the Surgery for Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Narrative Review in Pedicle Screw Era

Kim HS, Kwon JW, Park KB

Surgical treatment for neuromuscular scoliosis has evolved with pedicle screw instrumentation and the improvement of perioperative management. We aimed to review recent papers related to posterior surgical correction with a...
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Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Persian Version of the 24-Item Early-Onset Scoliosis Questionnaire

Esfandiari M, Babaee T, Kamyab M, Kamali M, Matsumoto H, Ghandhari H, Vitale MG

Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Purpose: To translate and culturally adapt the original English version of the 24-item Early-Onset Scoliosis Questionnaire (EOSQ-24) to the Persian language as well as assess its reliability...
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Medical genomic approach to early-onset scoliosis

Yim SY

Early onset scoliosis (EOS) describes the onset of scoliosis before the age of 10 years and is associated with significant health risks. Compared to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, studies on the...
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Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Comorbidities and Complications

Weissmann KA, Lafage V, Pitaque CB, Lafage R, Huaiquilaf CM, Ang B, Schulz RG

Study Design: Single-center, retrospective cohort study conducted from 2013 to 2017. Purpose: To determine the risk factors for surgical complications in neuromuscular scoliosis based on known patient comorbidities. Overview of Literature:...
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Pattern of Syringomyelia in Presumed Idiopathic and Congenital Scoliosis

Mohanty SP, Kanhangad MP, Saifuddin S, Narayana Kurup JK

Study Design: Retrospective study. Purpose: This study was undertaken to compare the patterns of syringomyelia in patients with presumed idiopathic and congenital scoliosis. Overview of Literature: The incidence of neuraxial anomalies presenting...
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Diagnosis and conservative treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Yang JH, Chang DG, Suh SW

Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) has a diagnosis rate of 3% to 5% per year, but the number of cases requiring surgical treatments is very small, accounting for only 0.17%...
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Diagnosis and treatment of congenital scoliosis

Park KB

Background: Congenital scoliosis is caused by anomalies of the vertebra, such as hemivertebra or unsegmented bar, which result in asymmetric growth of the spine. The disruption of vertebra development during...
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