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Epizootic Infection by Trypanosoma vivax in Cattle from the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

de Oliveira Reis M, Souza FR, Albuquerque AS, Monteiro F, dos Santos Oliveira LF, Raymundo D, Wouters F, Wouters AT, Peconick A, Varaschin

Trypanosomiasis is caused by a pathogenic protozoan of the genus Trypanosoma, being Trypanosoma vivax the most important agent for cattle. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the...
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Gene Expression Profiles of Th1-type Chemokines in Whole Blood of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis-Infected Cattle

Shin MK, Park HE, Park HT, Jung M, Kang HL, Baik SC, Lee WK, Jung YH, Yoo HS

Johne's disease (JD) is a chronic, debilitating disease of ruminants including cows, and is caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). MAP is not only important in animal husbandry, but...
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Analysis of Five Arboviruses and Culicoides Distribution on Cattle Farms in Jeollabuk-do, Korea

Yang D, Yang MS, Rhim H, Han JI, Oem JK, Kim YH, Lee KK, Lim CW, Kim B

Arthropod-borne viruses (Arboviruses) are transmitted by arthropods such as Culicoides biting midges and cause abortion, stillbirth, and congenital malformation in ruminants, apparently leading to economic losses to farmers. To monitor...
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Distribution Status of Hybrid Types in Large Liver Flukes, Fasciola Species (Digenea: Fasciolidae), from Ruminants and Humans in Vietnam

Nguyen TB, Van De N, Nguyen TK, Quang HH, Doan HT, Agatsuma T, Le TH

The aim of this study is to delineate ‘admixed hybrid’ and ‘introgressive’ Fasciola genotypes present in the Fasciola population in Vietnam. Adult liver flukes collected from ruminants in 18 Provinces...
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Rapid visual detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis by recombinase polymerase amplification combined with a lateral flow dipstick

Zhao G, Wang H, Hou P, He C, He H

Paratuberculosis (Johne's disease) is a chronic debilitating disease of domestic and wild ruminants. However, widespread point-of-care testing is infrequent due to the lack of a robust method. The isothermal recombinase...
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Species Specific Antiviral Activity of Porcine Interferon-α8 (IFNα8)

Kim E, Jhun H, Kim J, Park U, Jo S, Kwak A, Kim S, Nguyen TT, Kang Y, Choi I, Lee J, Kim H, Kim Y, Lee S, Kim S

Interferons (IFNs) have been known as antiviral genes and they are classified by type 1, type 2, and type 3 IFN. The type 1 IFN consists of IFNα, IFNβ, IFNτ,...
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First Record of Paramphistomes Fischoederius cobboldi and Paramphistomum epiclitum Detected in Bovine Rumen from a Local Market of Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR

Sanguankiat S, Sato MO, Sato M, Maipanich , Yoonuan T, Pongvongsa T, Boupha B, Chigusa Y, Moji K, Waikagul J

In the present study, we report on the occurrence of paramphistomes, Fischoederius cobboldi and Paramphistomum epiclitum, in Lao PDR with the basis of molecular data. Parasite materials were collected from...
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Seroprevalence and Spatial Distribution of Toxoplasmosis in Sheep and Goats in North-Eastern Region of Pakistan

Ahmed H, Malik A, Mustafa I, Arshad M, Khan MR, Afzal S, Ali S, Hashmi MM, Simsek S

Toxoplasmosis is a protozoan disease that is caused by Toxoplasma gondii in livestock and humans. Due to its medical and veterinary importance, it is essential to study the seroprevalence of...
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Development of vaccines to Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection

Park HT, Yoo HS

Johne's disease or paratuberculosis is a chronic debilitating disease in ruminants caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). The disease causes significant economic losses in livestock industries worldwide. There are...
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Comparative study on the epidemiological aspects of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli infections between Korea and Japan, 2006 to 2010

Lee WC, Kwon YH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To compare the epidemiological aspects of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) between Korea and Japan by analyzing the current state of EHEC infection outbreaks and related risk factors. METHODS: We investigated...
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Review of Brucellosis in Nepal

Acharya KP, Kaphle K, Shrestha K, Garin-Bastuj B, Smits HL

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the current status of the disease, the mechanism of infection, and pathogenesis, its zoonotic potential, diagnostic advances, treatment regimens, and the...
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Detection of Tick-Borne Pathogens in the Korean Water Deer (Hydropotes inermis argyropus) from Jeonbuk Province, Korea

Seong G, Han YJ, Oh SS, Chae JS, Yu DH, Park J, Park BK, Yoo JG, Choi KS

The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in the Korean water deer (Hydropotes inermis argyropus). Pathogens were identified using PCR which included Anaplasma, Ehrlichia,...
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Phylogenetic Analysis of Ruminant Theileria spp. from China Based on 28S Ribosomal RNA Gene

Gou H, Guan G, Ma M, Liu A, Liu Z, Xu Z, Ren Q, Li Y, Yang J, Chen Z, Yin H, Luo J

  • KMID: 1792141
  • Korean J Parasitol.
  • 2013 Oct;51(5):511-517.
Species identification using DNA sequences is the basis for DNA taxonomy. In this study, we sequenced the ribosomal large-subunit RNA gene sequences (3,037-3,061 bp) in length of 13 Chinese Theileria...
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A morphological study of vomeronasal organ of Korean black goat (Capra aegagrus hircus)

Park C, Yang W, Bae Y, Lee Y, Kang W, Ahn M, Shin T

  • KMID: 1991794
  • Korean J Vet Res.
  • 2013 Mar;53(1):55-60.
The vomeronasal organ (VNO) plays an important role in reproduction and social activities in ruminants including goats. A morphological study on the structure of VNO and its epithelial cells was...
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Sample type is vital for diagnosing infection with peste des petits ruminants virus by reverse transcription PCR

Luka PD, Ayebazibwe C, Shamaki D, Mwiine FN, Erume J

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) diagnosis from suspected samples from sheep and goats was carried out. Buffy coat, tissues, and oculo-nasal swabs were analyzed using nucleoprotein (NP3/NP4) and fusion protein...
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Prevalence of peste des petits ruminants among sheep and goats in India

Balamurugan V, Saravanan , Sen A, Rajak KK, Venkatesan G, Krishnamoorthy P, Bhanuprakash V, Singh RK

This study measured the clinical prevalence of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) among sheep and goats in India between 2003 and 2009 by analyzing clinical samples from suspected cases of...
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Peste des petits ruminants virus detected in tissues from an Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) belongs to Asian lineage IV

Balamurugan V, Sen A, Venkatesan G, Bhanot V, Yadav V, Bhanuprakash V, Singh RK

In this study, peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) was detected in frozen pooled tissue samples from a dead Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica). The samples were negative for canine...
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A core set of microsatellite markers for conservation genetics studies of Korean goral (Naemorhedus caudatus) and its cross-species amplification in Caprinae species

An J, Choi SK, Sommer J, Louis E, Brenneman , Zemanova B, Hajkova P, Park G, Min MS, Kim KS, Lee H

In order to screen microsatellites for conservation genetics studies of the species, a total of 23 microsatellite loci from Korean goral (Naemorhedus caudatus), including 15 previously developed loci and 8...
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Trypanosoma brucei Infection in Asymptomatic Greater Kudus (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) on a Game Ranch in Zambia

Munang'andu HM, Siamudaala V, Munyeme M, Nambota A, Mutoloki S, Matandiko

Trypomastogotes of Trypanosoma brucei were detected from 4 asymptomatic kudus (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) on a game ranch located approximately 45 km north east of Lusaka, Zambia. Blood smears examined from 14...
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Comparative bioinformatics analysis of prion proteins isolated from reptile, rodent, ruminant, and human species

Ahn I, Son HS

  • KMID: 1091071
  • Exp Mol Med.
  • 2007 Dec;39(6):769-777.
Prion proteins (PrPs) are infectious pathogens that cause a group of invariably fatal, neurodegenerative diseases, including Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, by means of an entirely novel mechanism. They are produced by various...
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