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Physical Activity and Prevalence of Rheumatoid Arthritis in Korean Adults with Prediabetes in the 2009–2013 National Health Cohort Study

Sin HY

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis is highly prevalent in overweight patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and can be reduced by physical activity via altered proinflammatory parameters. However, the association between the...
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Relationship between Hypertension and Mircroalbuminuria according to Obesity Status in Prediabetes

Chu J, Cho S, Kim S, Kwon E, Nah EH

BACKGROUND: Microalbuminuria (MA) is a predictor for diabetic nephropathy and mortality of cardiovascular disease. Diabetic nephropathy can be prevented by blood glucose and blood pressure control. Koreans have been found...
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Factors Influencing Pre-Diabetes in Middle-aged Women based on the KNHANES

Kim KA, Shim JL

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify the predictive factors for pre-diabetes in middle-aged Korean women based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). METHODS: In this cross-sectional...
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Low-Normal Free Thyroxine Levels in Euthyroid Male Are Associated with Prediabetes

Kim SW, Jeon JH, Moon JS, Jeon EJ, Kim MK, Lee IK, Seo JB, Park KG

Abnormal thyroid function is associated with impaired glucose homeostasis. This study aimed to determine whether free thyroxine (FT4) influences the prevalence of prediabetes in euthyroid subjects using a cross-sectional survey...
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Diabetes-related Amylin Dyshomeostasis: a Contributing Factor to Cerebrovascular Pathology and Dementia

Ly H, Despa F

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) increases the risk for cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and dementia. The underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive, which hampers the development of treatment or/and effective prevention strategies. Recent...
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Glycosylated Hemoglobin in Subjects Affected by Iron-Deficiency Anemia

Intra J, Limonta G, Cappellini F, Bertona M, Brambilla

Previous studies have suggested that iron-deficiency anemia affects glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) measurements, but the results were contradictory. We conducted a retrospective case-control study to determine the effects of iron deficiency...
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Korean Alcohol Guidelines for Moderate Drinking Based on Facial Flushing

Lee S, Kim JS, Jung JG, Oh MK, Chung TH, Kim J

This study investigated advantages and potential risks associated with drinking alcohol in Koreans based on the alcohol flush reaction. Our investigation reviewed published studies and examined moderate-drinking levels for Koreans...
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Diabetes Mellitus and Cause-Specific Mortality: A Population-Based Study

Li S, Wang J, Zhang B, Li X, Liu Y

BACKGROUND: To investigate whether diabetes contributes to mortality for major types of diseases. METHODS: Six National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data cycles (1999 to 2000, 2001 to 2002, 2003 to...
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Update on the current modalities used to screen high risk youth for prediabetes and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus

Brar PC

The modalities currently employed to screen for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)/prediabetes are HbA1(c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and 2-hour plasma glucose (PG) during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)....
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Discrepancies between Glycosylated Hemoglobin and Fasting Plasma Glucose for Diagnosing Impaired Fasting Glucose and Diabetes Mellitus in Korean Youth and Young Adults

Lee J, Lee YA, Kim JH, Lee SY, Shin CH, Yang SW

BACKGROUND: Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) has been recommended as a diagnostic test for prediabetes and diabetes. Here, we evaluated the level of agreement between diagnoses based on fasting plasma glucose (FPG)...
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Hospital-Based Korean Diabetes Prevention Study: A Prospective, Multi-Center, Randomized, Open-Label Controlled Study

Rhee SY, Chon S, Ahn KJ, Woo JT, the Korean Diabetes Prevention Study Investigators

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) continues to increase, and the disease burden is the highest of any medical condition in Korea. However, large-scale clinical studies have not yet...
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Trends in the prevalence and management of diabetes in Korea: 2007–2017

Shin JY

OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data from 2007 to 2017 to assess trends in the prevalence, treatment, and control of diabetes in Korean adults...
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Diabetes Fact Sheet in Korea, 2016: An Appraisal of Current Status

Won JC, Lee JH, Kim JH, Kang ES, Won KC, Kim DJ, Lee MK

BACKGROUND: This report presents the recent prevalence and comorbidities related to diabetes in Korea by analyzing the nationally representative data. METHODS: Using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination...
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Clinical Importance of Diabetic Neuropathy

Park TS

Diabetic neuropathy is a complex and common disorder with multiple etiologies and affects about 43.1% of the Korean diabetes population. Good glycemic control slows progression of diabetic neuropathy in subjects...
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Impact of fish consumption by subjects with prediabetes on the metabolic risk factors: using data in the 2015 (6th) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys

Kim KY, Park JS

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The effects of fish consumption by subjects with prediabetes on the metabolic risk factors were examined based on the data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination...
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The Impact of Prediabetes on Two-Year Clinical Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Choi WG, Rha SW, Choi BG, Choi SY, Byun JK, Mashaly A, Park Y, Jang WY, Kim W, Choi JY, Park EJ, Na JO, Choi CU, Kim EJ, Park CG, Seo HS

PURPOSE: Prediabetes is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, data on the long term adverse clinical outcomes of prediabetic patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents...
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Effects of Omega-3 Supplementation on Adipocytokines in Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Becic T, Studenik C

BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the effects of omega-3 supplementation on adipocytokine levels in adult prediabetic and diabetic individuals. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Medline,...
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HbA1c Cutoff for Prediabetes and Diabetes Based on Oral Glucose Tolerance Test in Obese Children and Adolescents

Nam HK, Cho WK, Kim JH, Rhie YJ, Chung S, Lee KH, Suh BK

BACKGROUND: Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is a traditional diagnostic tool for diabetes. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is an alternative method used in adults; however, its application in youths has been...
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A Nutrition Intervention Focused on Weight Management Through Lifestyle Improvements in Prediabetic Subjects

Park S, Woo MH, Lim HJ, Chon S, Woo JT

We reported the cases in order to evaluate the effects of individualized nutrition interventions for enhancing self-management abilities of prediabetic subjects. We conducted four nutrition interventions for weight control in...
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Prevalences and Management of Diabetes and Pre-diabetes among Korean Teenagers and Young Adults: Results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005–2014

Cho EH, Shin D, Cho KH, Hur J

The rapid increases in childhood obesity and physical inactivity are linked to the incidence of diabetes among young individuals. However, few studies have evaluated the prevalence of diabetes among this...
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