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The comparisons of prehospital treatments in traumatic and non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrests

Lee HB, Kim HI

OBJECTIVE: The outcome of traumatic cardiac arrests remains poor. Nevertheless, the prehospital treatments for traumatic arrests are insufficient in Korea. This study was conducted to compare the prehospital treatments in...
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High Incidence and Mortality of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest on Traditional Holiday in South Korea

Kwon JM, Jeon KH, Kim HM, Kim MJ, Lim S, Kim KH, Song PS, Park J, Choi RK, Oh BH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to confirm the effects of traditional holidays on the incidence and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in South Korea. METHODS: We studied 95,066 OHCAs...
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Effects of cholesterol levels on outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a cross-sectional study

Kim JH, Wi DH, Lee JH, Song HJ, Shin SD, Ro YS, Bae KH

OBJECTIVE: High cholesterol level is a risk factor for coronary artery disease, and coronary artery disease is a major risk factor for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, the effect of...
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Application of a Dual-Dispatch System for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients: Will More Hands Save More Lives?

Kim JH, Ryoo HW, Kim JY, Ahn JY, Moon S, Lee DE, Mun YH

BACKGROUND: Recovery after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is difficult, and emergency medical services (EMS) systems apply various strategies to improve outcomes. Multi-dispatch is one means of providing high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
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Management of post-cardiac arrest syndrome

Kang Y

Post-cardiac arrest syndrome is a complex and critical issue in resuscitated patients undergone cardiac arrest. Ischemic-reperfusion injury occurs in multiple organs due to the return of spontaneous circulation. Bundle of...
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National survey of awareness and training experience of automated external defibrillator

Choe MS, Lee MJ

OBJECTIVE: Public concerns and awareness of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are essential for improving the survival outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in the community. On the other hand, the...
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Targeted temperature management is related to improved clinical outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with non-shockable initial rhythm

Kim SG, Cha WC, Sim MS, Hwang SY, Shin TG, Park JH, Yoon H, Jo IJ, Choi JH

OBJECTIVE: The benefits of targeted temperature management (TTM) for resuscitated out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with an initial non-shockable rhythm are still unclear. This study examined whether TTM reduces...
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New Termination-of-Resuscitation Models and Prognostication in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Using Electrocardiogram Rhythms Documented in the Field and the Emergency Department

Lee DE, Lee MJ, Ahn JY, Ryoo HW, Park J, Kim WY, Shin SD, Hwang SO, on behalf of the Korean Cardiac Arrest Research Consortium (KoCARC)

BACKGROUND: Electrocardiogram (ECG) rhythms, particularly shockable rhythms, are crucial for planning cardiac arrest treatment. There are varying opinions regarding treatment guidelines depending on ECG rhythm types and documentation times within...
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The Effect of Transport Time Interval on Neurological Recovery after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Patients without a Prehospital Return of Spontaneous Circulation

Park JH, Kim YJ, Ro YS, Kim S, Cha WC, Shin SD

BACKGROUND: Longer transport adversely affects outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients who do not return to spontaneous circulation (ROSC). The aim of this study was to determine the association...
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Comparison of outcome of cardiopulmonary resuscitation with AutoPulse and LUCAS in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patient

Byun JS, Cho IS, Ha CM

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to compare the outcome of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with AutoPulse and LUCAS in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. METHODS: Between July 2017 and March 2018, a total...
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Identifying out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients by using International Classification of Diseases codes and procedure code

Cho HB, Lee JS, Lee CM, Jeong KY, Choi HS, Hong HP

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the validity of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) codes for identifying patients who suffered out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: Consecutive data...
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Association between the simultaneous decrease in the levels of soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and S100 protein and good neurological outcomes in cardiac arrest survivors

Kim MJ, Kim T, Suh GJ, Kwon WY, Kim KS, Jung YS, Ko JI, Shin SM, Lee AR

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether simultaneous decreases in the serum levels of cell adhesion molecules (intracellular cell adhesion molecule-1 [ICAM-1], vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 [VCAM-1], and E-selectin) and...
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Association between prehospital i-gel insertion and PCOâ‚‚ in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Cho E, Cho EH, Kim HH, Choi SC, Min YG, Kang SY, Chae MK

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the initial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCOâ‚‚) as a possible indicator of prehospital ventilation and its association with prehospital i-gel in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA)...
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Effects of chest compression only cardiopulmonary resuscitation training on retention of correct cardiopulmonary resuscitation knowledge

Choi SH, Ryoo HW, Lee DE, Moon SB, Ahn JY, Kim JK, Park JB, Seo KS

OBJECTIVE: Performing high quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is important for improving the survival rate with a good neurological outcome and fewer complications. The retention of accurate CPR knowledge is essential...
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Does the placement of automated external defibrillators affect first responders' willingness to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation in high-rise residential buildings?

Lee DE, Ryoo HW, Ahn JY, Moon S, Kim JK, Kim YJ, Park JB, Kim JH, Lee KW, Jin SC

OBJECTIVE: The increasing number of people living in high-rise apartments may result in a delayed response from emergency medical technicians called out for an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, making the role...
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Effect of National Implementation of Telephone CPR Program to Improve Outcomes from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: an Interrupted Time-Series Analysis

Lee YJ, Hwang SS, Shin SD, Lee SC, Song KJ

BACKGROUND: In cardiac arrest, the survival rate increases with the provision of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), of which the initial response and treatment are critical. Telephone CPR is among the...
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Comparison between Gel Pad Cooling Device and Water Blanket during Target Temperature Management in Cardiac Arrest Patients

Jung YS, Kim KS, Suh GJ, Cho JH

BACKGROUND: Target temperature management (TTM) improves neurological outcomes for comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. We compared the efficacy and safety of a gel pad cooling device (GP) and a...
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Korean Cardiac Arrest Research Consortium (KoCARC): rationale, development, and implementation

Kim JY, Hwang SO, Shin SD, Yang HJ, Chung SP, Lee SW, Song KJ, Hwang SS, Cho GC, Moon SW, Kim K, Kim WY, Oh S, Kwak YH, on behalf of KoCARC

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the conceptualization, development, and implementation processes of the newly established Korean Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation Consortium (KoCARC) to improve out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) outcomes. METHODS: The...
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Hemoglobin concentration is associated with neurologic outcome after cardiac arrest in patients treated with targeted temperature management

Kim D, Kim SH, Park KN, Oh SH, Kim YM, Youn CS

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that hemoglobin concentration after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) is associated with neurologic outcome after cardiac arrest in patients...
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Effect of a multi-tiered dispatch system on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients: preliminary report from the Gyeonggi province, South Korea

Cho KH, Park JH, Moon SW, Yun SK, Kim JY

OBJECTIVE: In South Korea, the Gyeonggi Fire Services introduced a multi-tiered dispatch system for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases in July 2015. In this study, we investigated whether the multi-tiered...
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