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Expression of MicroRNA in Host Cells Infected with Helicobacter pylori

Chung JW, Jeong SH, Lee SM, Pak JH, Lee GH, Jeong JY, Kim JH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression. We assess miRNA regulation by Helicobacter pylori infection and elucidate their role in H. pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells. METHODS: The relationship between miRNA expression and...
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Anti-Proliferative Effects of Rutin on OLETF Rat Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Stimulated by Glucose Variability

Yu SH, Yu JM, Yoo HJ, Lee SJ, Kang DH, Cho YJ, Kim DM

PURPOSE: Proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a crucial role in atherosclerosis. Rutin is a major representative of the flavonol subclass of flavonoids and has various pharmacological activities....
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Effect of intranasal rosiglitazone on airway inflammation and remodeling in a murine model of chronic asthma

Lee HY, Rhee CK, Kang JY, Park CK, Lee SY, Kwon SS, Kim YK, Yoon HK

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Asthma is characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, inflammation, and remodeling. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors have been reported to regulate inflammatory responses in many cells. In this study, we examined the effects...
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Inflammation and Cancer Development in Pancreatic and Biliary Tract Cancer

Lee SH, Park SW

Chronic inflammation has been known to be a risk for many kinds of cancers, including pancreatic and biliary tract cancer. Recently, inflammatory process has emerged as a key mediator of...
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Adseverin mediates RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis by regulating NFATc1

Song MK, Lee ZH, Kim HH

Adseverin is a Ca2+-dependent actin filament-severing protein that has been reported to regulate exocytosis via rearrangements of the actin cytoskeleton in secretory cells. However, the role of adseverin in bone...
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Agmatine Attenuates Brain Edema and Apoptotic Cell Death after Traumatic Brain Injury

Kim JY, Lee YW, Kim JH, Lee WT, Park KA, Lee JE

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with poor neurological outcome, including necrosis and brain edema. In this study, we investigated whether agmatine treatment reduces edema and apoptotic cell death after...
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Cytokine Expression of Microscopic Colitis Including Interleukin-17

Park E, Park YS, Park DR, Jung SA, Han DS, Jang BI, Kim YH, Kim WH, Jo YJ, Lee KH, Lee WM, Kim EK, Koo HS

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Microscopic colitis is characterized by chronic watery diarrhea with specific pathological changes that can be diagnosed by microscopic examination. We performed immunohistochemical analysis of proinflammatory cytokines to investigate the...
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Nucleotide Binding Oligomerization Domain 1 Is an Essential Signal Transducer in Human Epithelial Cells Infected with Helicobacter pylori That Induces the Transepithelial Migration of Neutrophils

Kim BJ, Kim JY, Hwang ES, Kim JG

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The cytosolic host protein nucleotide binding oligomerization domain 1 (Nod1) has emerged as a key pathogen recognition molecule for innate immune responses in epithelial cells. The purpose of the...
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MyD88-BLT2-dependent cascade contributes to LPS-induced interleukin-6 production in mouse macrophage

Lee AJ, Cho KJ, Kim JH

Endotoxic responses to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are triggered by Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and involve the production of inflammatory mediators, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), by macrophages. The detailed mechanism of IL-6...
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Synergistic Effect of Interleukin-6 and Hyaluronic Acid on Cell Migration and ERK Activation in Human Keratinocytes

Choi JH, Jun JH, Kim JH, Sung HJ, Lee JH

Wound healing is initiated and progressed by complex integrated process of cellular, physiologic, and biochemical events, such as inflammation, cell migration and proliferation. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine,...
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Effects of Transglutaminase 2 Inhibition on Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury

Suh IB, Yoon DW, Oh WO, Lee EJ, Min KH, Hur GY, Lee SH, Lee SY, Lee SY, Shin C, Shim JJ, In KH, Kang KH, Kim JH

This study was performed to examine the role of transglutaminase 2 (TG2) in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). C57BL/6 mice were divided into six experimental groups: 1) control group; 2) lipopolysaccharide...
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Anti-inflammatory activity of compounds isolated from Astragalus sinicus L. in cytokine-induced keratinocytes and skin

Kim BH, Oh I, Kim JH, Jeon JE, Jeon B, Shin J, Kim TY

Inflammation is a part of the complex biological responses of a tissue to injury that protect the organ by removing injurious stimuli and initiating the healing process, and is considered...
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TDAG51 deficiency promotes oxidative stress-induced apoptosis through the generation of reactive oxygen species in mouse embryonic fibroblasts

Park ES, Kim J, Ha TU, Choi JS, Hong KS, Rho J

  • KMID: 2154254
  • Exp Mol Med.
  • 2013 Aug;45(8):e35.
Apoptosis has an important role in maintaining tissue homeostasis in cellular stress responses such as inflammation, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and oxidative stress. T-cell death-associated gene 51 (TDAG51) is a member...
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Reactive oxygen species regulate context-dependent inhibition of NFAT5 target genes

Kim NH, Hong BK, Choi SY, Moo Kwon H, Cho CS, Yi EC, Kim WU

  • KMID: 2154251
  • Exp Mol Med.
  • 2013 Jul;45(7):e32.
The activation of nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5), a well-known osmoprotective factor, can be induced by isotonic stimuli, such as activated Toll-like receptors (TLRs). It is unclear,...
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Wnt5a stimulates chemotactic migration and chemokine production in human neutrophils

Jung YS, Lee HY, Kim SD, Park JS, Kim JK, Suh PG, Bae YS

  • KMID: 2154246
  • Exp Mol Med.
  • 2013 Jun;45(6):e27.
Wnt5a is a ligand that activates the noncanonical Wnt signaling pathways (beta-catenin-independent pathways). Human neutrophils expressed several Wnt5a receptors, such as Frizzled 2, 5 and 8. Stimulation of human neutrophils...
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Activated protein C differentially regulates both viability and differentiation of osteoblasts mediated by bisphosphonates

Lee YJ, Jeong JK, Seol JW, Xue M, Jackson C, Park SY

  • KMID: 2154228
  • Exp Mol Med.
  • 2013 Feb;45(2):e9.
Activated protein C (APC) is a cytoprotective anticoagulant that can promote cutaneous healing. We examined the effect of APC on viability and differentiation of the osteoblastic line, MG63, in the...
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Rhamnogalacturonan II is a Toll-like receptor 4 agonist that inhibits tumor growth by activating dendritic cell-mediated CD8+ T cells

Park SN, Noh KT, Jeong YI, Jung ID, Kang HK, Cha GS, Lee SJ, Seo JK, Kang DH, Hwang TH, Lee EK, Kwon B, Park YM

  • KMID: 2154227
  • Exp Mol Med.
  • 2013 Feb;45(2):e8.
We evaluated the effectiveness of rhamnogalacturonan II (RG-II)-stimulated bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) vaccination on the induction of antitumor immunity in a mouse lymphoma model using EG7-lymphoma cells expressing ovalbumin...
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Anti-inflammatory Mechanism of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in Lipopolysaccharide-stimulated HT-29 Cell

Lee SK, Yang KM, Cheon JH, Kim TI, Kim WH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Probiotics are live non-pathogenic organisms that belong to the resident microflora, and confer health benefits by multiple mechanisms. Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) is one of the probiotic bacteria that...
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Parthenolide-induced apoptosis of hepatic stellate cells and anti-fibrotic effects in an in vivo rat model

Kim IH, Kim SW, Kim SH, Lee SO, Lee ST, Kim DG, Lee MJ, Park WH

  • KMID: 1397449
  • Exp Mol Med.
  • 2012 Jul;44(7):448-456.
Parthenolide (PT), a sesquiterpene lactone derived from the plant feverfew, has pro-apoptotic activity in a number of cancer cell types. We assessed whether PT induces the apoptosis of hepatic stellate...
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Synergy between adiponectin and interleukin-1beta on the expression of interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and cyclooxygenase-2 in fibroblast-like synoviocytes

Lee YA, Choi HM, Lee SH, Yang HI, Yoo MC, Hong SJ, Kim KS

  • KMID: 1397448
  • Exp Mol Med.
  • 2012 Jul;44(7):440-447.
To determine whether adiponectin may have synergistic effects in combination with the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1beta regarding the production of proinflammatory mediators during arthritic joint inflammation, synovial cells from rheumatoid...
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