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Feasibility of Robot-Assisted Gait Training with an End-Effector Type Device for Various Neurologic Disorders

Choi S, Kim SW, Jeon HR, Lee JS, Kim DY, Lee JW

Robots are being used to assist the recovery of walking ability for patients with neurologic disorders. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and functional improvement of training with robot-assisted...
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Intrafamilial variability and clinical heterogeneity in a family with PLA2G6-associated neurodegeneration

Park JK, Youn J, Cho JW

Phospholipase A2 group VI (PLA2G6)-associated neurodegeneration (PLAN) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease with a wide clinical spectrum; however, the genotype-phenotype correlation is unknown. Here, we report different phenotypes in...
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Outcome Measures and Variables Affecting Prognosis of Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: WFNS Spine Committee Recommendations

Zileli M, Maheshwari S, Kale SS, Garg K, Menon SK, Parthiban

This study is conducted to review the literature systematically to determine most reliable outcome measures, important clinical and radiological variables affecting the prognosis in cervical spondylotic myelopathy patients. A literature...
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Does the Korean Rehabilitation Patient Grouping (KRPG) for Acquired Brain Injury and Related Functional Status Reflect the Medical Expenses in Rehabilitation Hospitals?

Lee HY, Lee JY, Kim TW

This study identified the explanatory power of the Korean rehabilitation patient group (KRPG) v1.1 for acquired brain injury (ABI) on medical expenses in the rehabilitation hospitals and the correlation of...
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Motor Evoked Potentials in the Upper Extremities of Children with Spastic Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy

Kim DS, Kim ED, Kim GW, Won YH, Ko MH, Seo JH, Park SH

The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the reorganization of corticospinal pathways innervating upper extremity muscles in patients with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP). Thirty-2 patients (17...
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Emerging Issues in Esophageal Motility Diseases

Kim GH, Jung KW

With the advances in technology and medical knowledge, new diseases are being identified and investigated. Esophageal motility disorders have been re-defined using high-resolution manometry and their pathogenesis are being better...
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Outcomes of Intrathecal Baclofen Therapy Compared With Deep Brain Stimulation in a Patient With Dystonic Cerebral Palsy: A Case Report

Chae M, Hong S, Jung NY, Chang WS, Cho SR

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) in internal globus pallidus is considered to be a good option for controlling generalized dystonia in patients with this condition. In this relation, it is known...
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The Role of Regular Physical Therapy on Spasticity in Children With Cerebral Palsy

Lee H, Kim EK, Son DB, Hwang Y, Kim JS, Lim SH, Sul B, Hong BY

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of physical therapy (PT) intervention on spasticity in patients with cerebral palsy (CP), and to assess the degree of deterioration of spasticity when regular PT...
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Duration of Treatment Effect of Extracorporeal Shock Wave on Spasticity and Subgroup-Analysis According to Number of Shocks and Application Site: A Meta-Analysis

Oh JH, Park HD, Han SH, Shim GY, Choi KY

OBJECTIVE: To investigate duration of the treatment effect of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) on spasticity levels measured with Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) regardless of the patient group (stroke, multiple sclerosis,...
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Microelectric Treatment by Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation in a Rat Model of Acute Spinal Cord Injury

Sohn HM, Lim W, Kim YW, Ko Y, Park M, Kim B

STUDY DESIGN: Animal study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of microelectric treatment by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on functional recovery and histological changes in a rat model of spinal cord...
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Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay

Bong JB, Kim SW, Lee ST, Choi JR, Shin HY

Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS), which is caused by mutations in SACS gene, is a very rare neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the clinical triad of early onset cerebellar...
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Immediate Effect of Sustained Stretching Exercises with Far Infrared on the Ankle Range of Motion and Muscle Tone in Patients with Stroke

Youn PS, Park SJ

PURPOSE: The spasticity of stroke patients decreases the ankle range of motion and increases the gastrocnemius muscle tone. This study examined the effects of stretching exercise and far infrared irradiation...
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An Autopsy Proven Case of CSF1R-mutant Adult-onset Leukoencephalopathy with Axonal Spheroids and Pigmented Glia (ALSP) with Premature Ovarian Failure

Kim SI, Jeon B, Bae J, Won JK, Kim HJ, Yim J, Kim YJ, Park SH

Adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids and pigmented glia (ALSP) is a progressive degenerative white matter disorder caused by mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the CSF1R gene. ALSP is...
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Safe Needle Insertion Locations for Motor Point Injection of the Triceps Brachii Muscle: A Pilot Cadaveric and Ultrasonography Study

Koo HJ, Park HJ, Park GY, Han Y, Sohn D, Im S

OBJECTIVE: To determine the location of the motor endplate zones (MoEPs) for the three heads of the triceps brachii muscles during cadaveric dissection and estimate the safe injection zone using...
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Validity of bispectral index monitoring during deep sedation in children with spastic cerebral palsy undergoing injection of botulinum toxin

Jung SM, Lee E, Park SJ

BACKGROUND: This prospective study aimed to determine whether the bispectral index (BIS) is a valid objective tool for differentiating adequate from inadequate deep sedation in spontaneously breathing children with cerebral...
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The Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Spasticity in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

Şan AU, Yılmaz B, Kesikburun S

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This randomized controlled study examined the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: This study included 16 patients with...
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The Effect of Lower Extremity Strengthening Exercise Using Sliding Stander on Balance and Spasticity in Chronic Stroke: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Mun BM, Park J, Kim TH

PURPOSE: Generally, patients with stroke present with decreased balance and increased spasticity following weakness of the paralyzed muscles. Muscle weakness caused by stroke has two causes. This is caused by...
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Effects of Backward Walking Training with Task Orientation on the Functional Gait of Children with Spastic Hemiplegia

Choi JY, Son SM, Kim CJ

PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of backward walking training with task orientation on the functional walking ability of children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: This study was a single-blinded, randomized controlled...
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Niemann-Pick Disease Type C Misdiagnosed as Cerebral Palsy: A Case Report

Ko EJ, Sung IY, Yoo HW

Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare autosomal recessive neurovisceral lysosomal lipid storage disorder. The clinical manifestations of the disorder are variable. This report describes the case of a...
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Intrathecal Baclofen Dosage for Long-Term Treatment of Patients With Spasticity Due to Traumatic Spinal Cord Injuries or Multiple Sclerosis

Skoog B, Hedman B

OBJECTIVE: To investigate dosage changes in intrathecal baclofen during long-term treatment of patients with severe leg spasticity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 49 patients treated with an intrathecal...
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