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Imbalance of Gut Streptococcus, Clostridium, and Akkermansia Determines the Natural Course of Atopic Dermatitis in Infant

Park YM, Lee SY, Kang MJ, Kim BS, Lee MJ, Jung SS, Yoon JS, Cho HJ, Lee E, Yang SI, Seo JH, Kim HB, Suh DI, Shin YH, Kim KW, Ahn K, Hong SJ

PURPOSE: The roles of gut microbiota on the natural course of atopic dermatitis (AD) are not yet fully understood. We investigated whether the composition and function of gut microbiota and...
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Oral Metagenomic Analysis Techniques

Chung SK

The modern era of microbial genome analysis began in earnest in the 2000s with the generalization of metagenomics and gene sequencing techniques. Studying complex microbial community such as oral cavity...
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Oral and Human Microbiome Research

Chung SK

In the past gut microbiome has been the main focus of microbiome research. Studies about the microbiome inside oral cavities and other organs are underway. Studies about the relationship between...
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Statistical Analysis of Metagenomics Data

Calle ML

Understanding the role of the microbiome in human health and how it can be modulated is becoming increasingly relevant for preventive medicine and for the medical management of chronic diseases....
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Comparison of differences in microbial compositions between negative controls and subject samples with varying analysis configurations

Kim H, Lee SP, Kang SM, Kang SY, Jung S, Lee SM

PURPOSE: Identifying microbial communities with 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing is a popular approach in microbiome studies, and various software tools and data resources have been developed for microbial...
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Human Resistome Study with Metagenomic Sequencing Data

Shin JH, Rho M

With the introduction of synthetic antibiotics, many lives including humans and animals have been saved against bacterial infection. An increasing level of antibiotics use, however, raises serious problems of multi-drug...
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Comparative Analysis of Ileal and Cecal Microbiota in Aged Rats

Lee SM, Kim N, Park JH, Nam RH, Yoon K, Lee DH

BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota contributes to intestinal and immune homeostasis through host-microbiota interactions. Distribution of the gut microbiota differs according to the location in the gastrointestinal tract. Although the microbiota properties...
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Metagenome Analysis of Bodily Microbiota in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer Disease Using Bacteria-derived Membrane Vesicles in Blood

Park JY, Choi J, Lee Y, Lee JE, Lee EH, Kwon HJ, Yang J, Jeong BR, Kim YK, Han PL

Emerging evidence has suggested that the gut microbiota contribute to brain dysfunction, including pathological symptoms of Alzheimer disease (AD). Microbiota secrete membrane vesicles, also called extracellular vesicles (EVs), which contain...
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Rapid Assessment of Microbiota Changes in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder Using Bacteria-derived Membrane Vesicles in Urine

Lee Y, Park JY, Lee EH, Yang J, Jeong BR, Kim YK, Seoh JY, Lee S, Han PL, Kim EJ

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have altered gut microbiota, which appears to regulate ASD symptoms via gut microbiota-brain interactions. Rapid assessment of gut microbiota profiles in ASD individuals in...
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Inflammasomes in antiviral immunity: clues for influenza vaccine development

Yamazaki T, Ichinohe T

Inflammasomes are cytosolic multiprotein complexes that sense microbial motifs or cellular stress and stimulate caspase-1-dependent cytokine secretion and cell death. Recently, it has become increasingly evident that both DNA and...
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Bioprospecting Potential of the Soil Metagenome: Novel Enzymes and Bioactivities

Lee MH, Lee SW

The microbial diversity in soil ecosystems is higher than in any other microbial ecosystem. The majority of soil microorganisms has not been characterized, because the dominant members have not been...
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Clinical efficacy and mechanism of probiotics in allergic diseases

Kim HJ, Kim HY, Lee SY, Seo JH, Lee E, Hong SJ

A complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors partially contributes to the development of allergic diseases by affecting development during prenatal and early life. To explain the dramatic increase in...
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Role of Intestinal Microbiota in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Eun CS

A vast number of micro-organisms within the human gut play a crucial role in maintaining human health. Intestinal microbiota maintains the intestinal homeostasis and function by mutually interacting with the...
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Current Status and Future Promise of the Human Microbiome

Kim BS, Jeon YS, Chun J

  • KMID: 2315410
  • Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr.
  • 2013 Jun;16(2):71-79.
The human-associated microbiota is diverse, varies between individuals and body sites, and is important in human health. Microbes in human body play an essential role in immunity, health, and disease....
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Epigenetic biomarkers: a step forward for understanding periodontitis

Lindroth A, Park YJ

Periodontitis is a common oral disease that is characterized by infection and inflammation of the tooth supporting tissues. While its incidence is highly associated with outgrowth of the pathogenic microbiome,...
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Two Cases of Refractory Pseudomembranous Colitis that Healed Following Fecal Microbiota Transplantation

Gweon TG, Choi MG, Lee SK, Ha JH, Kim EY, Go BS, Kim SW

The incidence, recurrence, and mortality of Clostridium difficile infection are increasing and the standard therapy is oral metronidazole or vancomycin. Since treatment failure with standard therapy is increasing, an alternative...
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Molecular Methods for Studying the Human Microbiota

Choi YH, Chung J, Na HS

Vast array of microbes colonize to each anatomical environment of human body. Culture based methods are important in investigating the microbial structure, but they are extremely biased in their evaluation...
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Gut Microbiota and Clinical Disease: Obesity and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Park JS, Seo JH, Youn HS

The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide. Obesity can cause hyperlipidemia, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Many environmental or genetic factors have been suggested...
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Gut Microbiota in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Shim JO

The gut mucosal barrier plays an important role in maintaining a delicate immune homeostasis. The pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is considered to involve a defective mucosal immunity along...
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Regulation of Intestinal Homeostasis by Innate Immune Cells

Kayama H, Nishimura , Takeda K

The intestinal immune system has an ability to distinguish between the microbiota and pathogenic bacteria, and then activate pro-inflammatory pathways against pathogens for host defense while remaining unresponsive to the...
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