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A retrospective study of theophylline-based therapy with tracheal collapse in small-breed dogs: 47 cases (2013–2017)

Jeung SY, Sohn SJ, An JH, Chae HK, Li Q, Choi M, Yoon J, Song WJ, Youn HY

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e57.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e57
Theophylline acts as a bronchodilator and has an anti-inflammatory effect. In addition, theophylline can be applied in patients where there are concerns regarding the side-effects of corticosteroids. This retrospective case...
The difference of detection rate of avian influenza virus in the wild bird surveillance using various methods

Kim GS, Kim TS, Son JS, Lai VD, Park JE, Wang SJ, Jheong WH, Mo IP

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e56.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e56
Korea is located within the East Asian-Australian flyway of wild migratory birds during the fall and winter seasons. Consequently, the likelihood of introduction of numerous subtypes and pathotypes of the...
Sedative, analgesic, behavioral and clinical effects of intravenous nalbuphine-xylazine combination in camels (Camelus dromedarius)

Khalil AH, Abd Al-Galil AS, Sabek AA, Zeineldin , Abo-Kora S

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e55.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e55
This study examined the sedative, analgesic, behavioral, and clinical effects of a combination of xylazine (XY) and nalbuphine-xylazine (NA-XY) in camels. A total of five adult camels were used in...
Interaction between Brucella melitensis 16M and small ubiquitin-related modifier 1 and E2 conjugating enzyme 9 in mouse RAW264.7 macrophages

Yi J, Wang Y, Li Q, Zhang H, Shao Z, Deng X, He J, Xiao C, Wang Z, Wang Y, Chen C

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e54.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e54
Brucella is an intracellular pathogen that invades a host and settles in its immune cells; however, the mechanism of its intracellular survival is unclear. Modification of small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO)...
Elevated plasma YKL-40 level is found in the dogs with cancer and is related to poor prognosis

Cheng KC, Lee JJ, Wang SL, Lin CY, Tseng CT, Lin CS, Liao AT

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e53.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e53
YKL-40, a secreted glycoprotein, may serve as an autoantigen, which mediates multiple inflammatory diseases and cancers. A high YKL-40 serum level is correlated with metastasis and poor survival in a...
Hypertrophic osteopathy in a cat with cardiac interventricular septal defect

de Sousa F, Bianchi MV, Taunde PA, Bandinelli MB, Fett RR, Driemeier , Pavarini S

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e52.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e52
A 3-year-old mixed-breed female cat was diagnosed with a ventricular septal defect of the heart through an echocardiogram. After a 9-month treatment, progressive and diffuse hard thickening of all limbs...
Electromagnetic tracking-based ultrasound/computed tomography fusion imaging in dogs: preliminary application to ocular and periocular regions

Choi J, Lee SK, Park S

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e51.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e51
In ultrasound/computed tomography (CT) fusion images, ultrasound allows visualization of the target in real time. CT provides a navigation for ultrasound scanning and improves the overview in areas of limited...
Regulation of porcine endogenous retrovirus by dual LTR1+2 (Long Terminal Region) miRNA in primary porcine kidney cells

Chung HC, Nguyen VG, Moon HJ, Park YH, Park BK

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e50.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e50
Porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERVs) integrate into germline DNA as proviral genome that enables vertical transmission from parents to their offspring. The provirus usually survives as part of the host genome...
Hybrid balloon dilation treatment for cor triatriatum dexter in a small breed puppy

Uemura A, Yoshida T, Matsuura K, Yilmaz Z, Tanaka R

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e49.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e49
The authors encountered a 4-month-old, female Shiba dog weighing 4.0 kg, who had been exhibiting abdominal distension and increasing ascites for 2 months. She was brought for further examination and...
Autologous hybrid cell fusion vaccine in a spontaneous intermediate model of breast carcinoma

Bird RC, DeInnocentes P, Church Bird AE, Lutful Kabir FM, Martinez-Romero EG, Smith AN, Smith BF

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e48.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e48
Breast cancer is among the most common malignancies affecting women and reproductively intact female dogs, resulting in death from metastatic disease if not treated effectively. To better manage the disease...
Development of dental hygiene gum for cats considering their anatomical features of dentition

Kim B, Kang S, Susanti L, Park Y, Kim S, Shim J, Lee E, Seo K

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e47.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e47
The purpose of this study was to develop effective dental hygiene chews for cats based on the anatomical features of the dentition and patterns of chewing motion. All cats were...
Salivary alpha-amylase as a stress biomarker in diseased dogs

Hong HR, Oh YI, Kim YJ, Seo KW

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e46.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e46
Salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) is a stress biomarker in human diseases, but there are no reports of sAA measurements in diseased dogs. This study measured the sAA and serum alpha-amylase (AA)...
Contrast Echocardiography in two-dimensional left ventricular measurements: comparison with 256-row multi-detector computed tomography as a reference standard in Beagles

Kim J, Kim S, Lee Y, Yoon H, Eom K

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e45.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e45
Unenhanced echocardiography (UE), commonly used in veterinary practice, is limited by left ventricular (LV) foreshortening and observer dependency. Contrast echocardiography (CE) was used to compare two-dimensional (2D) LV measurements made...
Pharmacokinetics/Pharmacodynamics models of veterinary antimicrobial agents

Luo W, Chen D, Wu M, Li Z, Tao Y, Liu Q, Pan Y, Qu W, Yuan Z, Xie S

  • J Vet Sci.
  • 2019 Sep;20(5):e40.
  • doi: 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e40
Misuse and abuse of veterinary antimicrobial agents have led to an alarming increase in bacterial resistance, clinical treatment failure, and drug residues. To address these problems, consistent and appropriate dosage...

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