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Ovarian teratoma removed by laparoscopic ovariectomy in a dog

Tavares IT, Barreno RR, Sales-Luís JP, Vaudano CG

An elective laparoscopic ovariectomy on a healthy dog revealed a cystic structure in the left ovary. The surgical procedure was successful. Histopathological examination showed the presence of a teratoma adjacent...
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Freemartinism in replacement ewe-lambs of the Ripollesa sheep breed

Marí P, Casellas J

The freemartinism syndrome affects almost all female calves born as co-twins to male calves, whereas little is known about this phenomenon in female sheep. Within this context, 1,185 ewe-lambs from...
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First detection and genetic characterization of porcine parvovirus 7 from Korean domestic pig farms

Ouh IO, Park S, Lee JY, Song JY, Cho IS, Kim HR, Park CK

Porcine parvovirus 7 (PPV7) was first detected in Korean pig farms in 2017. The detection rate of PPV7 DNA was 24.0% (30/125) in aborted pig fetuses and 74.9% (262/350) in...
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Novel reassortants of clade 2.3.4.4 H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses possessing genetic heterogeneity in South Korea in late 2017

Lee YN, Cheon SH, Kye SJ, Lee EK, Sagong M, Heo GB, Kang YM, Cho HK, Kim YJ, Kang HM, Lee MH, Lee YJ

Novel H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) were isolated from duck farms and migratory bird habitats in South Korea in November to December 2017. Genetic analysis demonstrated that at...
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Molecular phylogenetic studies on clinical bovine piroplasmosis caused by benign Theileria in Shaanxi Province, China

Wang J, Zhang J, Zhu Z, Zhou X, Li B

A group of benign Theileria species, which are often referred to as T. orientalis/T. buffeli/T. sergenti group, has low pathogenicity in cattle. Herein, we report on Theileria spp. in cattle...
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Ultrasonographic evaluation of skin thickness in small breed dogs with hyperadrenocorticism

Heo S, Hwang T, Lee HC

The purpose of this study was to propose a standard for differentiation between normal dogs and patients with hyperadrenocorticism (HAC) by measuring skin thickness via ultrasonography in small breed dogs....
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Comparison of two techniques for transpharyngeal endoscopic auditory tube diverticulotomy in the horse

Koch DW, Easley JT, Nelson BB, Delcambre , McCready E, Hackett ES

Auditory tube diverticula, also known as guttural pouches, are naturally occurring dilations of the auditory tube in horses that communicate with the nasopharynx through a small ostium. Infection and select...
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Presurgical assessment of splenic tumors in dogs: a retrospective study of 57 cases (2012–2017)

Lee M, Park J, Choi H, Lee H, Jeong SM

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and imaging characteristics of canine splenic tumors and to establish guidelines for the presurgical assessment of splenic tumors in dogs....
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Comparison of immunoadjuvant activities of four bursal peptides combined with H9N2 avian influenza virus vaccine

Zhang C, Zhou J, Liu Z, Liu Y, Cai K, Shen T, Liao C, Wang C

The bursa of Fabricius (BF) is a central humoral immune organ unique to birds. Four bursal peptides (BP-I, BP-II, BP-III, and BP-IV) have been isolated and identified from the BF....
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Combination of berberine and ciprofloxacin reduces multi-resistant Salmonella strain biofilm formation by depressing mRNA expressions of luxS, rpoE, and ompR

Shi C, Li M, Muhammad I, Ma X, Chang Y, Li R, Li C, He J, Liu F

Bacterial biofilms have been demonstrated to be closely related to clinical infections and contribute to drug resistance. Berberine, which is the main component of Coptis chinensis, has been reported to...
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Benefits of procyanidins on gut microbiota in Bama minipigs and implications in replacing antibiotics

Zhao T, Shen X, Dai C, Cui L

Several studies have reported the effect of absorption of procyanidins and their contribution to the small intestine. However, differences between dietary interventions of procyanidins and interventions via antibiotic feeding in...
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Synergistic effect of ribavirin and vaccine for protection during early infection stage of foot-and-mouth disease

Choi JH, Jeong K, Kim SM, Ko MK, You SH, Lyoo YS, Kim B, Ku JM, Park JH

In many countries, vaccines are used for the prevention of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). However, because there is no protection against FMD immediately after vaccination, research and development on antiviral agents...
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Genomic analysis of Sheldrake origin goose hemorrhagic polyomavirus, China

Wan C, Chen C, Cheng L, Liu R, Fu G, Shi S, Chen H, Fu Q, Huang Y

Goose hemorrhagic polyomavirus (GHPV) is not a naturally occurring infection in geese in China; however, GHPV infection has been identified in Pekin ducks, a domestic duck species. Herein, we investigated...
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Molecular prophage typing of Staphylococcus aureus isolates from bovine mastitis

Ko DS, Seong WJ, Kim D, Kim EK, Kim NH, Lee CY, Kim JH, Kwon HJ

Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major pathogens causing bovine mastitis and foodborne diseases associated with dairy products. To determine the genetic relationships between human and bovine or bovine isolates...
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Hexon and fiber gene changes in an attenuated fowl adenovirus isolate from Malaysia in embryonated chicken eggs and its infectivity in chickens

Sohaimi NM, Bejo MH, Omar AR, Ideris A, Isa NM

Fowl adenovirus (FAdV) is distributed worldwide and causes economic losses in the poultry industry. The objectives of this study were to determine the hexon and fiber gene changes in an...
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Neonatal influenza virus infection affects myelination in influenza-recovered mouse brain

Kim JH, Yu JE, Chang BJ, Nahm SS

Influenza virus infection is a zoonosis that has great socioeconomic effects worldwide. Influenza infection induces respiratory symptoms, while the influenza virus can infect brain and leave central nervous system sequelae....
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Dapsone modulates lipopolysaccharide-activated bone marrow cells by inducing cell death and down-regulating tumor necrosis factor-α production

Kwon MJ, Joo HG

Dapsone, an antibiotic, has been used to cure leprosy. It has been reported that dapsone has anti-inflammatory activity in hosts; however, the anti-inflammatory mechanism of dapsone has not been fully...
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TGF-β1 upregulates the expression of hyaluronan synthase 2 and hyaluronan synthesis in culture models of equine articular chondrocytes

Ongchai S, Somnoo O, Kongdang P, Peansukmanee S, Tangyuenyong S

We investigated the effect of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) on equine hyaluronan synthase 2 (HAS2) gene expression and hyaluronan (HA) synthesis in culture models of articular chondrocytes. Equine...
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Histological classification of canine ovarian cyst types with reference to medical history

Knauf Y, Köhler K, Knauf S, Wehrend A

Ovaries of 21 bitches presented with gynecopathies were surgically removed and histologically examined. Standard histological, as well as immunohistochemical, classification of 193 cystic structures resulted in the classification of 72...
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