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Factors Affecting the Response to First-Line Treatments in Patients with Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis

Zhang X, Wang C, Zhu W, Wang B, Liang H, Guo S

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis is the most common type of autoimmune encephalitis. This study aimed to explore the possible factors affecting the response to first-line treatments in...
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Cerebrovascular reactivity to hypercapnia during sevoflurane or desflurane anesthesia in rats

Sakata K, Kito K, Fukuoka N, Nagase K, Tanabe K, Iida H

BACKGROUND: Hypercapnia causes dilation of cerebral vessels and increases cerebral blood flow, resulting in increased intracranial pressure. Sevoflurane is reported to preserve cerebrovascular carbon dioxide reactivity. However, the contribution of...
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The comparison of optic nerve sheath diameter measured by computed tomography and ultrasonography in evaluating increased intracranial pressure

Sung BY, Hong DY, Kim SY, Kim JW, Park SO, Lee KR, Baek KJ

OBJECTIVE: While the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is measured by computed tomography and ultrasonography as an indicator of an elevation in the intracranial pressure (ICP), it is unclear which...
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Choroid Plexus Carcinoma in Adults: Two Case Reports

Kim T, Park MR, Hong EK, Gwak HS

Choroid plexus tumors are uncommon brain tumors that primarily occur in children. Most of these tumors originate from the intraventricular area, and the most common clinicalpresentation is increased intracranial pressure....
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External Ventricular Drainage before Endovascular Treatment in Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in Acute Period: Its Relation to Hemorrhagic Complications

Lim YC, Shim YS, Oh SY, Kim MJ, Park KY, Chung J

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report the authors’ experience with external ventricular drainage (EVD) before endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients with acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and...
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The RAP Index during Intracranial Pressure Monitoring as a Clinical Guiding for Surgically Treated Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Consecutive Series of Single Surgeon

Jin SC, Choi BS, Kim JS

BACKGROUND: It is well known that assessing the RAP index along with intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring in traumatic brain injury patients is helpful. We will discuss the usefulness of this...
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Lateral Ventricular Meningioma Presenting with Intraventricular Hemorrhage

Moon JS, Cha SH, Cho WH

A 35-year-old female visited emergency department for a sudden onset of headache with vomiting after management for abortion at local department. Neurological examination revealed drowsy mentality without focal neurological deficits....
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Efficacy of Slow Rate Ventriculolumbar Perfusion Chemotherapy for Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis: Interim Result of a Phase II Study

Choi YH, Gwak HS, Joo J, Kwon JW, Shin SH, Yoo H, Lee JH, Youn JH

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy of modified ventriculolumbar perfusion (VLP) chemotherapy with methotrexate on leptomeningeal carcinomatosis in terms of symptomatic response and side effects. METHODS: Previous infusion rate of 20 mL/h...
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Clinical Application and Updates on Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential: Proposal for Future Development in Vestibulopathy

Suh MW, Kim J

Both cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) and ocular VEMP (oVEMP) are irreplaceable tools in the current vestibular science, but they have many drawbacks. For example, the test-retest reliability of...
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A Novel Implantable Cerebrospinal Fluid Reservoir : A Pilot Study

Byun YH, Gwak HS, Kwon JW, Kim KG, Shin SH, Lee SH, Yoo H

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the safety and function of the newly developed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) reservoir called the V-Port. METHODS: The newly developed V-Port consists...
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Measurement of the Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter with Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Its Association with Eyeball Diameter in Healthy Adults

Kim DH, Jun JS, Kim R

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is an indirect marker of the intracranial pressure, but the normal range of ONSD as measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
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Efficacy of the All-in-One Therapeutic Strategy for Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Preliminary Outcome and Limitation

Park YS, Kogeichi Y, Shida Y, Nakase H

OBJECTIVE: Despite recent advances in medicine, no significant improvement has been achieved in therapeutic outcomes for severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). In the treatment of severe multiple traumas, accurate judgment...
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A Case of Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Vertigo during Epidural Nerve Block

Lee BM, Noh JH, Ahn SK, Park HW

Epidural anesthesia has significantly advanced in neuraxial anesthesia and analgesia. It is used for surgical anaesthesia and treatment of chronic pain. Hearing loss during or after epidural anesthesia is rare,...
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Causes and Trauma Apportionment Score of Chronic Subdural Hematoma

Lee KS, Yoon SM, Oh JS, Oh HJ, Shim JJ, Doh JW

OBJECTIVE: The pathophysiology of chronic subdural hematoma (CSH) is not yet clear. Trauma alone is not sufficient to result in CSH in young individuals, while a trivial injury can result...
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Compare the Intracranial Pressure Trend after the Decompressive Craniectomy between Massive Intracerebral Hemorrhagic and Major Ischemic Stroke Patients

Huh J, Yang SY, Huh HY, Ahn JK, Cho KW, Kim YW, Kim SL, Kim JT, Yoo DS, Park HK, Ji C

OBJECTIVE: Massive intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and major infarction (MI) are devastating cerebral vascular diseases. Decompression craniectomy (DC) is a common treatment approach for these diseases and acceptable clinical results have...
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Acute Cerebellitis Causing Life-threatening Brain Stem Compression and Acute Hydrocephalus: A Fatal Case Report

Seol JH, Park J, Lee KY

Acute cerebellitis is a rare inflammatory disorder that occurs most frequently in children. The typical clinical course of acute cerebellitis is benign. However, in some cases of acute cerebellitis, fulminant...
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Primary blast waves induced brain dynamics influenced by head orientations

Hua Y, Wang Y, Gu L

There is controversy regarding the directional dependence of head responses subjected to blast loading. The goal of this work is to characterize the role of head orientation in the mechanics...
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Availability of the Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter Measured by Using Brain CT in Intracranial Hemorrhage

Yu JK, Kim YW, Kang JH, Yoon YS

PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the applicability of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD), as measured by a brain CT, in intracranial hemorrhage patients. We assumed that ONSD can...
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Retinoic Acid Syndrome and Pseudotumor Cerebri in Patients with Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia

Kim JH, Shin YT, Park DH, Kim IT, Shin JP

PURPOSE: To report cases of a retinal, preretinal and vitreous hemorrhage due to retinoic acid syndrome and a papilledema caused by increased intracranial pressure in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia...
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Non-aneurysmal and non-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage after attempted suicide by incomplete hanging

Kim TH, Lee SH, Kim DH, Kim SC, Jin W, Kim SY, Shin SH, Lee SB

Hanging is a common method of suicide that is being reported more frequently in many countries. Several complications including injuries to the cervical spine, neck vessels, and brain can occur...
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