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Spontaneous Total Resolution of Severe Lumbar Disc Herniation

Kaliya-Perumal AK, Oh JY

No abstract available.
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Far lateral lumbar disc extrusion in a dachshund dog

A 6-year-old Dachshund was presented with acute, non-localized pain without neurological dysfunction. Radiography revealed multiple calcifications of intervertebral discs and narrowing of disc space in the thoracolumbar region. Computed tomography...
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Delayed-Onset Leg Weakness Caused by Posterior Migration of a Herniated Disc to the Thecal Sac Mimicking Epidural Hematoma in a Flexion-Distraction Injury of the Lumbar Spine: A Case Report

Jeon CH, Chung NS, Lee HD, Chung HW

STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: To document the first known case of posterior migration of a herniated disc in a lumbar flexion-distraction injury. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Lumbar disc herniation is sometimes...
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Is Adjacent Segment Disease More Frequent in Proximal Levels in Comparison with Distal Levels? Based on Radiological Data of at Least 2 Years Follow Up with More than 2 Level Thoracolumbar Fusions

Kim JH, Ryu DS, Yoon SH

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine which of the proximal adjacent segment disease (ASD) and distal ASD was more prevalent and what parameters is more related...
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Risk Factors of Secondary Lumbar Discectomy of a Herniated Lumbar Disc after Lumbar Discectomy

Beack JY, Chun HJ, Bak KH, Choi KS, Bae IS, Kim KD

OBJECTIVE: To study risk factors of secondary lumbar discectomy (LD) for recurrent herniated lumbar disc (HLD) and identify methods to lower the rate of recurrence. METHODS: Data from 160 patients who...
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Multifidus Muscles Lipid Content Is Associated with Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: A Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

Ogon I, Takebayashi T, Takashima , Morita T, Oshigiri T, Terashima , Yoshimoto , Yamashita

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: To determine the association between fatty degeneration of the multifidus muscle (Mm) and intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) using quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Few...
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Quantitative Predictive Imaging Biomarkers of Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Degeneration

Vadapalli , Mulukutla , Vadapalli , Vedula RR

STUDY DESIGN: Observational comparative study. PURPOSE: To compare fractional anisotropy (FA) maps with T2 values of the nucleus pulposus (NP) and annulus fibrosus (AF) of intervertebral discs in healthy volunteers and...
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Evaluation of Dimensions of Kambin’s Triangle to Calculate Maximum Permissible Cannula Diameter for Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy: A 3-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Based Study

Pairaiturkar PP, Sudame OS, Pophale CS

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 3-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of Kambin’s safe zone to calculate maximum cannula diameter permissible for safe percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy. METHODS: Fifty 3D MRIs of 19 males...
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Factors Influencing eHealth Literacy of Middle School Students in Korea: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study

Park BK

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to identify eHealth literacy level and to analyze the factors influencing eHealth literacy among middle school students in Korea. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study...
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A Case of Quadriplegia after Parotidectomy in a Patient with Asymptomatic Cervical Spondylosis

Shin MJ, Sohn HG, Lee JO, Song YJ

Cervical spondylosis is a common degenerative disease of the cervical spine affecting the cervical vertebral bodies and intervertebral discs. During parotidectomy, the patient is placed in a supine position with...
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Correlation of Cervical Disc Degeneration with Sagittal Alignments of Cervical Spine

Jeon DG, Park J, Park JH, Yun WH

OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between cervical sagittal parameters and the degree of the cervical disc degeneration at each cervical level by using cervical plain radiographs and disc degeneration grading. METHOD:...
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Retrospective Outcome Evaluation of Cervical Nucleoplasty Using Digital Infrared Thermographic Imaging

Kim DH, Kim YS, Shin SJ, Kang H, Kim S, Shin HY

OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty (PCN) is used to treat cervical disc herniation. Radiological imaging studies, including plain radiography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have been used to...
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A multiply split femoral nerve and psoas quartus muscle

Wong TL, Kikuta S, Iwanaga J, Tubbs RS

The femoral nerve is the largest branch of the lumbar plexus. It is normally composed of the ventral rami of spinal nerves L2 to L4. The psoas major has proximal...
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Biportal Endoscopic Spinal Surgery for Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation

Lee HJ, Choi DJ, Park EJ

Herniation of the intervertebral disc is a medical disease manifesting as a bulging out of the nucleus pulposus or annulus fibrosis beyond the normal position. Most lumbar disc herniation cases...
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Analysis of Neuropathic Pain Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging T2 Mapping of Intervertebral Disc in Chronic Low Back Pain

Ogon I, Takebayashi T, Takashima , Morita T, Iesato N, Tanimoto K, Terashima , Yoshimoto , Yamashita

STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional study. PURPOSE: The study aimed to analyze mechanisms underlying chronic low back pain (CLBP) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2 mapping of the intervertebral disc (IVD). OVERVIEW OF...
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Assessment of In Vivo Lumbar Inter-Vertebral Motion: Reliability of a Novel Dynamic Weight-Bearing Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technique Using a Side-Bending Task

Mahato NK, Montuelle , Clark BC

STUDY DESIGN: Between-session reliability of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based experimental technique to quantify lumbar inter-vertebral motion in humans. PURPOSE: We have developed a novel, dynamic, MRI-based approach for quantifying...
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Efficacy of transforaminal laser annuloplasty versus intradiscal radiofrequency annuloplasty for discogenic low back pain

Park CH, Lee KK, Lee SH

BACKGROUND: Discogenic pain is a common cause of disability and is assumed to be a major cause of non-specific low back pain. Various treatment methods have been used for the...
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Observations of the Conus Medullaris in a Korean Population

Moon MS, Jeong JH, Kim SJ, Kim MS, Choi WR

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study (level of evidence: level 3). PURPOSE: To study the anatomy of the conus medullaris in Koreans. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: The anatomical position of the conus medullaris is well-documented...
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Does the Surgical Timing and Decompression Alone or Fusion Surgery in Lumbar Stenosis Influence Outcome in Cauda Equina Syndrome?

Dave BR, Samal P, Sangvi R, Degulmadi , Patel D, Krishnan A

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective comparative analysis of 64 patients with cauda equina syndrome (CES), who underwent either decompression alone (NF) or fusion (F) surgery. PURPOSE: We compared the outcomes and timing...
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Endoscopic Treatment of Extraforaminal Entrapment of L5 Nerve Root (Far Out Syndrome) by Unilateral Biportal Endoscopic Approach: Technical Report and Preliminary Clinical Results

Heo DH, Sharma S, Park CK

OBJECTIVE: Far out syndrome is compression and entrapment of the L5 nerve root in the extraforaminal area between the hypertrophied L5 transverse process and the sacral ala. The purpose of...
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