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Prevention of infection from contrast agents

Jung SE

Until now, automatic contrast agent injector syringes licensed for consecutive one-time use have been employed with a number of patients. In 2016, regulation of automatic injector syringes ensured their single...
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The effect of ginger and metoclopramide in the prevention of nausea and vomiting during and after surgery in cesarean section under spinal anesthesia

Pakniat H, Lalooha F, Movahed F, Boostan A, Khezri MB, Hedberg C, Hosseini M

OBJECTIVE: Postoperative nausea and vomiting is one of the most common side effects after anesthesia in surgeries, such as cesarean section. This study aimed to investigate the effect of ginger...
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Uterine Artery Embolization for Leiomyomas and Adenomyosis: A Pictorial Essay Based on Our Experience from 1300 Cases

Kim MD

Since its introduction in 1995, uterine artery embolization (UAE) has become an established option for the treatment of leiomyomas. Identification of a leiomyoma using arteriography improves the ability to perform...
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A case of potentially lethal vascular variation in association with palmaris profundus muscle

Gaikwad MR, Ravi PK, Patnaik M

Arterial variations in upper limbs are often reported commonly. Superficial arterial variations accounting for 4.2% of all arterial variations are hazardous during any invasive procedures of the upper limb, from...
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Two Case Reports of a Purtscher-like Retinopathy Occurring after Retrobulbar Anesthesia

Jeong IW, Choi CW, Ko SJ

PURPOSE: Although there are significant risks, retrobulbar anesthesia is commonly used for eye surgery. We report two cases of Purtscher-like retinopathy, a rare complication. CASE SUMMARY: (Case 1) A 76-year-old female...
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Visual Loss with Ophthalmoplegia after Prone Position Spinal Surgery

Park MH, Kim JH, Yoo JM

PURPOSE: We report a case of acute visual loss with ophthalmoplegia after prone position spinal surgery who had blood supply dependence on collateral circulation due to occlusion of the Internal...
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A Comparative Study on the Contamination Level of Intravenous Infusion Ports: A Comparison of 3-way Stopcock (Open-system) and Needleless Connector (Closed-system)

Jang BJ, Kim KS

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the level of intravenous injection port contamination in 3-way stopcock (open-system) or needleless connector (closed-system) intravenous infusion devices before and after disinfecting for...
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Polymeric Nanoparticles Containing Both Antigen and Vitamin D₃ Induce Antigen-Specific Immune Suppression

Jung HH, Kim SH, Moon JH, Jeong SU, Jang S, Park CS, Lee CK

The active form of vitamin D3, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D₃ (aVD₃), is known to exert beneficial effects in the treatment of autoimmune diseases because of its immunosuppressive effects. However, clinical application of...
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The Clinical Investigation Study of Pancreatitis Developed in Burn Patients

Cho GY, Chun JW, Kim YM, Yoon JC, Yim H, Cho YS, Kim D, Hur J, Chun W

PURPOSE: To find progression and prognosis of pancreatitis developed in massive burn patients through retrospective analysis. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 32 patients with abnormal increase of serum lipase...
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Appropriate Prophylactic Antibiotic Use in Clean Wound Surgery Under Local Anesthesia

Cha HG, Kwon JG, Han HH, Eom JS, Kim EK

BACKGROUND: Although guidelines to prevent surgical site infections (SSIs) were published more than a decade ago, prophylactic antibiotics are still used subjectively in clinical practice. In this study, we evaluated...
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High-resolution Mapping of Hyperglycemia-induced Gastric Slow Wave Dysrhythmias

Du P, O'Grady G, Paskaranandavadivel N, Tang SJ, Abell T, Cheng LK

  • KMID: 2449100
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2019 Apr;25(2):276-285.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm18192
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is now recognised that gastric dysrhythmias are best characterised by their spatial propagation pattern. Hyperglycemia is an important cause of gastric slow wave dysrhythmia, however, the spatiotemporal patterns...
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Characterization of Plasmodium berghei Homologues of T-cell Immunomodulatory Protein as a New Potential Candidate for Protecting against Experimental Cerebral Malaria

Cui A, Li Y, Zhou X, Wang L, Luo E

The pathogenesis of cerebral malaria is biologically complex and involves multi-factorial mechanisms such as microvascular congestion, immunopathology by the pro-inflammatory cytokine and endothelial dysfunction. Recent data have suggested that a...
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User-Friendly Vendor-Specific Guideline for Pediatric Cardiothoracic Computed Tomography Provided by the Asian Society of Cardiovascular Imaging Congenital Heart Disease Study Group: Part 1. Imaging Techniques

Hong SH, Goo HW, Maeda E, Choo KS, Tsai IC, Asian Society of Cardiovascular Imaging Congenital Heart Disease Study Group

Optimal performance of pediatric cardiothoracic computed tomography (CT) is technically challenging and may need different approaches for different types of CT scanners. To meet the technical demands and improve clinical...
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Single Ventilation during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Results in Better Neurological Outcomes in a Porcine Model of Cardiac Arrest

Kim YW, Kim HI, Hwang SO, Kim YS, An GJ, Cha KC

PURPOSE: Recent basic life support (BLS) guidelines recommend a 30:2 compression-to-ventilation ratio (CV2) or chest compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CC); however, there are inevitable risks of interruption of high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
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Anaphylaxis after rocuronium administration during induction of anesthesia

Kim JE, Yang YK, Kwon MY

Anaphylaxis during anesthesia is rare, but often fatal. Rocuronium is a neuromuscular relaxant used for induction of anesthesia. We experienced a case of anaphylaxis after rocuronium administration during induction of...
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¹²³I-Labeled oxLDL Is Widely Distributed Throughout the Whole Body in Mice

Nakano A, Kawashima , Miyake Y, Zeniya T, Yamamoto A, Koshino K, Temma T, Fukuda T, Fujita Y, Kakino A, Kanaya S, Sawamura T, Iida H

PURPOSE: Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) plays a key role in endothelial dysfunction, vascular inflammation, and atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to assess blood clearance and in vivo kinetics...
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Combined Treatment with Methylprednisolone and Human Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Ameliorate Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis

Kim MJ, Ryu CH, Kim SM, Lim JY, Kim WS, Jeun SS

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Although advances have been made in the treatment of MS, such as the use of IFN-β, glucocorticoids...
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Optimization of the Flip Angle and Scan Timing in Hepatobiliary Phase Imaging Using T1-Weighted, CAIPIRINHA GRE Imaging

Kim J, Kim BS, Lee JS, Woo ST, Choi GM, Kim SH, Lee HK, Lee MS, Lee KR, Park JH

PURPOSE: This study was designed to optimize the flip angle (FA) and scan timing of the hepatobiliary phase (HBP) using the 3D T1-weighted, gradient-echo (GRE) imaging with controlled aliasing in...
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Immediate Hypersensitivity Reactions Induced by Triamcinolone in a Patient with Atopic Dermatitis

Son JH, Park SY, Cho YS, Chung BY, Kim HO, Park CW

Corticosteroids are potent anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic agents used in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases, including allergic disease. They are frequently considered the therapy-of-choice for many skin diseases. However, allergic...
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A Comparison of Sedation with Ketamine-Midazolam versus Ketamine-Propofol for the Lumbar Puncture in Children

Ko YR, Jeon W, Kwak JR, Lee JS

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to compare the safety and effectiveness of intravenous ketamine-midazolam (KM) and ketamine-propofol (KP) combination for the lumbar puncture (LP) procedure in children. METHODS: This was a...
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