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Updates on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome

Kang SG

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological sleep disorder characterized by an urge to move the legs or arms and is associated with discomfort and paresthesia in the legs. RLS...
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The Molecular Signatures of Acute-immobilization-induced Antinociception and Chronic-immobilization-induced Antinociceptive Tolerance

Feng JH, Lee HJ, Suh HW

In the present study, the productions of antinociception induced by acute and chronic immobilization stress were compared in several animal pain models. In the acute immobilization stress model (up to...
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Early and Delayed Postoperative Rehabilitation after Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair: A Comparative Study of Clinical Outcomes

Choi S, Seo KB, Shim S, Shin JY, Kang H

BACKGROUND: The duration of immobilization after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and the optimal time to commence rehabilitation are still the subject of ongoing debates. This study was undertaken to evaluate...
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Protective effect of glucosamine and risedronate (alone or in combination) against osteoarthritic changes in rat experimental model of immobilized knee

Salman A, Shabana AI, El-ghazouly DEs, Maha E

This study is aiming to investigate the protective effect of glucosamine, risedronate (alone or in combination) on articular cartilage in experimental model of immobilized rat knee. Twenty-five adult male albino...
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Treatment of Unstable Scaphoid Nonunion Using a Volar Locking Plate

Kwon YW, Park JH, Choi IC, Nam JJ, Park JW

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the results of treatment of unstable scaphoid nonunion using a wedge iliac crest bone graft and a volar locking plate and...
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Bone Marrow Foot Oedema in Adolescents: The Role of Vitamin D

Pieropan S, Antoniazzi F, Tadiotto E, Caldonazzi F, Maschio M, Aiello G, Melotti G, Cavarzere , Piacentini G

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow oedema (BMO) in children/adolescents is a rare clinical condition without an etiologic cause. It is associated with typical increased signal intensity on T2-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI)...
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Early Rehabilitation after Total Mastectomy and Immediate Reconstruction with Tissue Expander Insertion in Breast Cancer Patients: A Retrospective Case-control Study

Kim KH, Yeo SM, Cheong IY, Kim Y, Jeon BJ, Hwang JH

PURPOSE: To prevent surgical site complications, many plastic surgeons use the so-called “conventional protocol,” which immobilizes the shoulder and upper arm for 1 month after reconstruction. In an effort to...
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Primary Treatment of Acute Ankle Sprain: Retrospective Comparison of Cast Immobilization and Functional Ankle Brace

Bae SY, Ahn SH, Chung HJ, Kam MC

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy between cast immobilization and functional treatment using an ankle brace as a treatment for acute lateral ankle sprain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reviewed the medical...
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Intramedullary Blunt K-Wire Fixation for Pediatric Forearm Fractures

Sur YJ, Cho YS, Park HY

PURPOSE: Intramedullary blunt K-wire fixation was performed for pediatric forearm fractures and we report the clinical results. METHODS: From January 2014 to December 2017, we retrospectively reviewed 35 patients who underwent...
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Use of the cross-leg distally based sural artery flap for the reconstruction of complex lower extremity defects

Liang W, Tan BK

Cross-leg flaps are a useful reconstructive option for complex lower limb defects when free flaps cannot be performed owing to vessel damage. We describe the use of the extended distally...
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Glutamine Supplementation Ameliorates Chronic Stress-induced Reductions in Glutamate and Glutamine Transporters in the Mouse Prefrontal Cortex

Baek JH, Vignesh A, Son H, Lee DH, Roh GS, Kang SS, Cho GJ, Choi WS, Kim HJ

Chronic immobilization stress (CIS) induces low levels of glutamate (Glu) and glutamine (Gln) and hypoactive glutamatergic signaling in the mouse prefrontal cortex (PFC), which is closely related to the Glu-Gln...
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Frameless Fractionated Gamma Knife Radiosurgery with ICONâ„¢ for Large Metastatic Brain Tumors

Park HR, Park KW, Lee JM, Kim JH, Jeong SS, Kim JW, Chung HT, Kim DG, Paek SH

BACKGROUND: Recently, a new generation of gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) equipped with a frameless immobilization system has encouraged the use of fractionated GKRS as an increasingly favorable treatment option. We...
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Peripheral Neuropathies in Patients with Rhabdomyolysis: Clinical Characteristics and Electrodiagnostic Findings in the Acute/Subacute Stage

Seok JI, Lee IH, Ahn KS, Kang GW, Kim JH

BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome caused by injury to skeletal muscle and characterized by myalgia and swelling of the affected muscles. Peripheral nerve injury rarely occurs in patients with rhabdomyolysis. METHODS:...
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Variations in Practice among Asia–Pacific Surgeons and Recommendations for Managing Cervical Myelopathy: The First Asia–Pacific Spine Society Collaborative Study

Cheung JP, Cheung PW, Chiu CK, Chan CY, Kwan MK

STUDY DESIGN: Surgeon survey. PURPOSE: To study the various surgical practices of different surgeons in the Asia–Pacific region. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Given the diversity among Asia–Pacific surgeons, there is no clear consensus...
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Does Adequate Lumbar Segmental Motion Reflect Recovery Process in Acute Lumbar Disc Herniation?

Kim H, Jung HJ, Kim M, Koh SE, Lee IS

OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the extent of lumbar segmental motion is correlated with the recovery process in the form of pain intensity in patients with acute single level lumbar disc...
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A Case Series of Symptomatic Distal Biceps Tendinopathy

Lee JH, Kim KC, Lee JH, Ahn KB, Rhyou IH

BACKGROUND: The study of conservative and surgical treatment of distal biceps tendinopathy and associated biceps tendon partial rupture. METHODS: Twenty-one cases with distal biceps tendonitis and partial ruptures were studied who...
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Difference in Sleep Characteristics between Restless Leg Syndrome With and Without Periodic Limb Movement during Wakefulness

Shin YY, Byun JI, Shin WC

OBJECTIVES: Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a common sensorimotor disorder and is frequently associated with periodic limb movement in sleep (PLMS). Also about one third of patient with RLS have...
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Risk Factors for Knee Stiffness in Distal Femoral Fractures

Son DW, Kim HS, Choi WY

PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to evaluate risk factors for knee stiffness after the fixation of distal femoral fractures, and to analyze the clinical and radiologic outcomes. MATERIALS AND...
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The Effect of Fibronectin-Immobilized Microgrooved Titanium Substrata on Cell Proliferation and Expression of Genes and Proteins in Human Gingival Fibroblasts

Kim EC, Lee DY, Lee MH, Lee HJ, Kim KH, Leesungbok R, Ahn SJ, Park SJ, Yoon JH, Jee YJ, Lee SC, Lee SW

BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the effect of fibronectin (FN)-immobilized microgrooved titanium (Ti) on human gingival fibroblast proliferation, gene expression and protein expression. METHODS: Photolithography was used to fabricate the microgrooved...
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Volar plate avulsion fracture alone or concomitant with collateral ligament rupture of the proximal interphalangeal joint: A comparison of surgical outcomes

Kim YW, Roh SY, Kim JS, Lee DC, Lee KJ

BACKGROUND: Volar plate avulsion fracture of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint is one of the most common hand injuries. In this study, we divided patients into two groups: patients with...
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