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Recent Advances in the Diagnosis and Management of Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Tasaka S

In human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is a wellk-nown opportunistic infection and its management has been established. However, PCP is an emerging threat to immunocompromised patients...
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Determining the Neurocognitive Status and the Functional Ability of Patients to Screen for HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND)

Agarwal R, Aujla RS, Gupta A, Kumar M

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To adequately evaluate the extent of neurocognitive impairment in patient living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV), a battery of neuropsychological tests is typically administered which are neither...
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Estimation of the Number of HIV Infections and Time to Diagnosis in the Korea

Lee E, Kim J, Lee JY, Bang JH

BACKGROUND: Statistical data of undiagnosed people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) are of great importance to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection control. This study estimated the total number of...
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Significance of Decreasing Rate of HIV and HBV Co-infection in a Nationwide Korean HIV/AIDS Cohort

Kim Y, Kim SW, Kwon KT, Chang HH, Jun Y, Sohn JW, Park DW, Song JY, Choi JY, Kim HY, Kim JM, Choi BY, Choi Y, Kee MK, Yoo MS, Lee JG

From December 2006 to December 2016, 1093 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) individuals < 70 years enrolled in Korea human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) cohort were analyzed to investigate...
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Effectiveness of Intravenous Isoniazid and Ethambutol Administration in Patients with Tuberculosis Meningoencephalitis and HIV Infection

Butov D, Feshchenko Y, Kuzhko M, Gumenuik M, Yurko K, Grygorova , Tkachenko , Nekrasova , Tlustova T, Kikinchuk , Peshenko A, Butova T

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of intravenous isoniazid (H) and ethambutol (E) administered in patients with new sputum positive drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) with...
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Relapsed Leprosy with Multiple Ulcerative Skin Lesions: A Case Report

Jeong HH, Hong SG, Park JM, Kim JP, Heo EP, Go JW

Leprosy is a chronic infectious and granulomatous disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. It is treated with a multidrug therapy (MDT), which is consisted of dapsone, rifampicin, and clofazimine. However, there...
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The First Acanthamoeba keratitis Case of Non-Contact Lens Wearer with HIV Infection in Thailand

Tananuvat , Techajongjintana N, Somboon P, Wannasan A

Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) is a rare sight-threatening corneal infection, often reporting from contact lens wearers. An asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected Thai male without history of contact lens use complained...
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Significance of Increased Rapid Treatment from HIV Diagnosis to the First Antiretroviral Therapy in the Recent 20 Years and Its Implications: the Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study

Kim YJ, Kim SW, Kwon KT, Chang HH, Kim SI, Kim YJ, Kim MJ, Choi JY, Kim HY, Kim JM, Choi BY, Park BY, Choi YS, Kee MK, Yoo MS, Lee JG

From December 2006 to December 2016, 1,429 patients enrolled in the Korea human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) Cohort Study were investigated. Based on the year of diagnosis, the...
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Branchial cleft cyst in the parotid gland in a human immunodeficiency virus-negative patient

Park YY, Yoon JS, Bang SS, Ahn HC

In branchial lymphoepithelial cyst (BLEC), which is also known as branchial cleft cyst, the remnants of a branchial arch develop into a cyst, causing swelling. The first case of BLEC...
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Diverse Effects of Small Molecule Inhibitors on Actin Cytoskeleton Dynamics in HIV-1 Infection

Shin Y, Choi BS, Kim KC, Kim K, Yoon CH

The dynamics of the actin cytoskeleton plays a pivotal role in the process of cell division, the transportation of organelles, vesicle trafficking and cell movement. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1...
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Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and the Endocrine System

Zaid D, Greenman Y

In the current era of effective antiretroviral therapies (ARTs), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection became a chronic disorder that requires long term follow-up. Among other medical issues, these patients may...
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The Case Report of Newborn Prenatally infected by Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Republic of Korea

Lee KE, Lee WY, Choi EK, Shin JH, Choi BM, Kim YK

Trans-placental neonatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is common in Africa; however, it is not yet reported in the Republic of Korea. With the increasing incidence of HIV infection, especially...
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Role of Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in the Era of Combination Antiretroviral Therapy

Kang JS, Lee SH, Lee S, Kim GH, Park YJ, Han IS, Lee JE, Lee SO, Moon C

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) diseases are common in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. There are few reports on the epidemiology and endoscopic findings of gastric cancer in patients with...
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Changing Trends in Pregnancy and Childbirth among Women Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus at a Tertiary Hospital in Korea: A 28-Year Experience

Kang JS, Lee SH, Lee S, Lee JE, Lee SO, Kim SC, Kim KH

BACKGROUND: The reports about fertility desire and pregnancy outcome among women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Korea are scarce. This study aimed to determine the changing trend in...
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Incidence and risk factors for tenofovir-associated nephrotoxicity among human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients in Korea

Lee JE, Lee S, Song SH, Kwak IS, Lee SH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Little is known about tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-induced nephrotoxicity in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in Korea. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence and risk...
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Epidemiological characteristics of HIV infected Korean: Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study

Choi Y, Choi BY, Kim SM, Kim SI, Kim J, Choi JY, Kim SW, Song JY, Kim YJ, Park DW, Kim HY, Choi HJ, Kee MK, Shin YH, Yoo M

OBJECTIVES: To manage evidence-based diseases, it is important to identify the characteristics of patients in each country. METHODS: The Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study seeks to identify the epidemiological characteristics of 1,442...
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The Effect of a Brief HIV Prevention Program on Risk Reduction Behaviors Among Thai Men Diagnosed With Sexually Transmitted Infections

Thato R, Daengsaard E, Sukrak N

PURPOSE: Men diagnosed with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are at greater risk for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and STIs reinfection. This study aimed to test the effectiveness of a...
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Recurrent Ischemic Strokes with Progression of Middle Cerebral Artery Stenosis during HIV Treatment

Kang J, Kim MO, Yi JJ, Park MW, Kim CH, Kim YS, Park KH, Kang HY, Choi NC, Kwon OY, Kim SK

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection can result in ischemic stroke via several mechanisms, including opportunistic infection, vasculopathy, cardioembolism, and coagulopathy. HIV-vasculopathy is related to endothelial dysfunction, stenosis and aneurysm formation,...
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Cost-Effectiveness of Voluntary HIV Testing Strategies in a Very Low-Prevalence Country, the Republic of Korea

Lee YH, Bang JH, Park SM, Kang CR, Cho SI, Oh MD, Lee JK

BACKGROUND: The Republic of Korea has a very low prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, but the number of new HIV diagnoses has steadily risen, strongly indicating a large...
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Pregnancy Rates and Outcomes of HIV-Infected Women in Korea

Choi H, Kim MH, Lee SJ, Kim EJ, Lee W, Jeong W, Jung IY, Ahn JY, Jeong SJ, Ku NS, Baek JH, Choi YH, Kim HY, Kim JM, Choi JY

BACKGROUND: Antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum preventive measures with antiretroviral drugs, appropriate delivery methods, and discouraging breastfeeding significantly decrease the risk of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Herein,...
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