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Double Penetrated Duodenal Wall during Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Choledochoduodenostomy

Kawakami H, Kuwatani M, Sakamoto N

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):318-319.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl15238
No abstract available.
Simvastatin Induces Apoptosis and Suppresses Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 Receptor in Bile Duct Cancer Cells

Lee J, Hong EM, Jang JA, Park SW, Koh DH, Choi MH, Jang HJ, Kae SH

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):310-317.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl15195
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Statins act as antineoplastic agents through the inhibition of cell proliferation. This study sought to demonstrate the effects of statins on extrahepatic bile duct cancer cell apoptosis and to...
A Comparison of Gastrointestinal Toxicities between Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy and Three-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy for Pancreatic Cancer

Lee KJ, Yoon HI, Chung MJ, Park JY, Bang S, Park SW, Seong JS, Song SY

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):303-309.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl15186
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is considered the treatment option for locally advanced pancreatic cancer, but accompanying gastrointestinal toxicities are the most common complication. With the introduction of three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy...
Relationship between Controlled Attenuation Parameter and Hepatic Steatosis as Assessed by Ultrasound in Alcoholic or Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Ahn JM, Paik YH, Min SY, Cho JY, Sohn W, Sinn DH, Gwak GY, Choi MS, Lee JH, Koh KC, Paik SW, Yoo BC

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):295-302.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl15155
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and hepatic steatosis, as assessed by ultrasound (US) in patients with alcoholic liver disease...
Phenotypic Characteristics of PD-1 and CTLA-4 Expression in Symptomatic Acute Hepatitis A

Cho H, Kang H, Kim CW, Kim HY, Jang JW, Yoon SK, Lee CD

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):288-294.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl14368
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The immunoregulatory molecules programmed death 1 (PD-1) and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) are associated with the dysfunction of antiviral effector T-cells, which leads to T-cell exhaustion and...
Evaluation of Liver Metastases Using Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound: Enhancement Patterns and Influencing Factors

Kong WT, Ji ZB, Wang WP, Cai H, Huang BJ, Ding H

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):283-287.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl14324
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the enhancement patterns of liver metastases and their influencing factors using dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). METHODS: A total of 240 patients (139 male and 101 female; 58.5±11.2 years...
Factors Influencing the Diagnostic Accuracy of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B

Park MS, Kim SW, Yoon KT, Kim SU, Park SY, Tak WY, Kweon YO, Cho M, Kim BK, Park JY, Kim DY, Ahn SH, Han KH

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):275-282.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl14391
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine factors predictive of discordance in staging liver fibrosis using liver biopsy (LB) and acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: Consecutive...
Efficacy and Safety of Adalimumab in Moderately to Severely Active Cases of Ulcerative Colitis: A Meta-Analysis of Published Placebo-Controlled Trials

Zhang ZM, Li W, Jiang XL

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):262-274.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl15042
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of adalimumab (ADA) in moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (UC) patients who are unresponsive to traditional therapy. METHODS: Electronic databases, including the PubMed,...
Efficacy of Adalimumab in Korean Patients with Crohn's Disease

Sohn IW, Kim ST, Kim B, Lee HJ, Park SJ, Hong SP, Kim TI, Kim WH, Cheon JH

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):255-261.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl15165
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adalimumab is effective for both remission induction and the maintenance of Crohn's disease (CD) in Western countries. We evaluated the efficacy of adalim-umab in the conventional step-up treatment approach...
Incidence and Clinical Outcomes of Clostridium difficile Infection after Treatment with Tuberculosis Medication

Lee YM, Huh KC, Yoon SM, Jang BI, Shin JE, Koo HS, Jung Y, Kim SH, Moon HS, Lee SW, Daejeon-Chungchung Intestinal Research Group

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):250-254.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl14435
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the incidence and clinical characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) medication-associated Clostridium difficile infection. METHODS: This multicenter study included patients from eight tertiary hospitals enrolled from 2008 to 2013. A...
Analysis of Risk Factors for Colonic Diverticular Bleeding: A Matched Case-Control Study

Sugihara Y, Kudo SE, Miyachi H, Misawa M, Okoshi S, Okada H, Yamamoto K

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):244-249.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl14407
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diverticular bleeding can occasionally cause massive bleeding that requires urgent colonoscopy (CS) and treatment. The aim of this study was to identify significant risk factors for colonic diverticular hemorrhage. METHODS:...
Does Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Plus Ascorbic Acid Induce More Mucosal Injuries than Split-Dose 4-L PEG during Bowel Preparation?

Kim MS, Park J, Park JH, Kim HJ, Jang HJ, Joo HR, Kim JY, Choi JH, Heo NY, Park SH, Kim TO, Yang SY

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):237-243.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl14439
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aims of this study were to compare the bowel-cleansing efficacy, patient affinity for the preparation solution, and mucosal injury between a split dose of poly-ethylene glycol (SD-PEG) and...
Risk Factors for Metachronous Gastric Neoplasms in Patients Who Underwent Endoscopic Resection of a Gastric Neoplasm

Yoon H, Kim N, Shin CM, Lee HS, Kim BK, Kang GH, Kim JM, Kim JS, Lee DH, Jung HC

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):228-236.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl14472
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To identify the risk factors for metachronous gastric neoplasms in patients who underwent an endoscopic resection of a gastric neoplasm. METHODS: We prospectively collected clinicopathologic data and measured the methylation...
Microsatellite Instability of Gastric and Colorectal Cancers as a Predictor of Synchronous Gastric or Colorectal Neoplasms

Kim YB, Lee SY, Kim JH, Sung IK, Park HS, Shim CS, Han HS

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):220-227.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl14310
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Microsatellite instability (MSI) plays a crucial role in gastrointestinal carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to clarify whether MSI is a useful marker for predicting synchronous gastric and...
Comparison between Resectable Helicobacter pylori-Negative and -Positive Gastric Cancers

Kim HJ, Kim N, Yoon H, Choi YJ, Lee JY, Kwon YH, Yoon K, Jo HJ, Shin CM, Park YS, Park DJ, Kim HH, Lee HS, Lee DH

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):212-219.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl14416
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Controversy exists regarding the characteristics of Helicobacter pylori infection-negative gastric cancer (HPIN-GC). The aim of this study was to evaluate clinicopathologic features of HPIN-GC compared to H. pylori infection-positive...
Colorectal Cancer Screening: Stool DNA and Other Noninvasive Modalities

Bailey JR, Aggarwal A, Imperiale

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):204-211.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl15420
Colorectal cancer screening dates to the discovery of pre-cancerous adenomatous tissue. Screening modalities and guidelines directed at prevention and early detection have evolved and resulted in a significant decrease in...
Diagnosis and Management of Autoimmune Hepatitis: Current Status and Future Directions

Czaja AJ

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):177-203.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl15352
Autoimmune hepatitis is characterized by autoantibodies, hypergammaglobulinemia, and interface hepatitis on histological examination. The features lack diagnostic specificity, and other diseases that may resemble autoimmune hepatitis must be excluded. The...
The Role of Mesothelial Cells in Liver Development, Injury, and Regeneration

Lua I, Asahina K

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):166-176.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl15226
Mesothelial cells (MCs) cover the surface of visceral organs and the parietal walls of cavities, and they synthesize lubricating fluids to create a slippery surface that facilitates movement between organs...
Is the Use of Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy Beneficial for Pancreatic Cancer Patients?

Park HC

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):164-165.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl16014
No abstract available.
Understanding the Role of Adalimumab in the Treatment of Moderately to Severely Active Ulcerative Colitis

Kim JH, Cheon JH

  • Gut Liver.
  • 2016 Mar;10(2):162-163.
  • doi: 10.5009/gnl16024
No abstract available.

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