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Lysophosphatidylcholine induces azurophil granule translocation via Rho/Rho kinase/F-actin polymerization in human neutrophils

Ham HY, Kang SH, Song DK

Translocation of azurophil granules is pivotal for bactericidal activity of neutrophils, the first-line defense cells against pathogens. Previously, we reported that lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), an endogenous lipid, enhances bactericidal activity of...
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Cell Type-specific Knockout with Gli1-mediated Cre Recombination in the Developing Cerebellum

Choi JM, Acharya R, Marasini S, Narayan B, Lee KW, Hwang WS, Chang DY, Kim SS, Kim HS

  • KMID: 2517473
  • Exp Neurobiol.
  • 2021 Jun;30(3):203-212.
  • doi: 10.5607/en21017
The inducible Cre-loxP system provides a useful tool for inducing the selective deletion of genes that are essential for proper development and enables the study of gene functions in properly...
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The Emerging Role of Eosinophils as Multifunctional Leukocytes in Health and Disease

Kim HJ, Jung Y

Eosinophils are terminally differentiated cytotoxic effector cells that have a role in parasitic infections and allergy by releasing their granule-derived cytotoxic proteins. However, an increasing number of recent observations indicate...
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A Case of Lung Abscess Caused by Pulmonary Actinomycosis

Hwang SW

Actinomycosis is a slowly progressive and indolent infectious disease characterized by acute suppurative inflammation, necrosis, and fibrosis. It usually occurs in cervicofacial, abdominopelvic, and pulmonary areas. Pulmonary actinomycosis accounts for...
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Age-dependent changes of p53 and p63 immunoreactivities in the mouse hippocampus

Lee TK, Park YE, Park CW, Kim B, Lee JC, Park JH, Lee HA, Won MH, Ahn JH

P53 and its family member p63 play important roles in cellular senescence and organismal aging. In this study, p53 and p63 immunoreactivity were examined in the hippocampus of young, adult...
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Developmental Exposure to Di-(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate Induces Cerebellar Granule Cell Apoptosis via the PI3K/AKT Signaling Pathway

Fu Y, Dong J, Wang J, You M, Wei L, Fu H, Wang Y, Chen J

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is an ubiquitous environmental contaminant because of its extensive use in plastics and its persistence. As an environmental endocrine disruptor, it is suspected to interfere with neurodevelopment...
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Morin Prevents Granule Cell Dispersion and Neurotoxicity via Suppression of mTORC1 in a Kainic Acid-induced Seizure Model

Lee JM, Hong J, Moon GJ, Jung UJ, Won SY, Kim SR

An abnormal reorganization of the dentate gyrus and neurotoxic events are important phenotypes in the hippocampus of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The effects of morin, a bioflavonoid constituent...
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Chicken RNA-binding protein T-cell internal antigen-1 contributes to stress granule formation in chicken cells and tissues

Sun Y, Zhang P, Zheng H, Dong L, Tan L, Song C, Qiu X, Liao Y, Meng C, Yu S, Ding C

T-cell internal antigen-1 (TIA-1) has roles in regulating alternative pre-mRNA splicing, mRNA translation, and stress granule (SG) formation in human cells. As an evolutionarily conserved response to environmental stress, SGs...
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Developmental changes in GABAA tonic inhibition are compromised by multiple mechanisms in preadolescent dentate gyrus granule cells

Pandit S, Lee GS, Park JB

The sustained tonic currents (I(tonic)) generated by γ-aminobutyric acid A receptors (GABA(A)Rs) are implicated in diverse age-dependent brain functions. While various mechanisms regulating I(tonic) in the hippocampus are known, their...
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Beneficial Effects of Silibinin Against Kainic Acid-induced Neurotoxicity in the Hippocampus in vivo

Kim S, Jung UJ, Oh YS, Jeon MT, Kim HJ, Shin WH, Hong J, Kim SR

Silibinin, an active constituent of silymarin extracted from milk thistle, has been previously reported to confer protection to the adult brain against neurodegeneration. However, its effects against epileptic seizures have...
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Preventive effects of imperatorin on perfluorohexanesulfonate-induced neuronal apoptosis via inhibition of intracellular calcium-mediated ERK pathway

Lee E, Choi SY, Yang JH, Lee YJ

Early life neuronal exposure to environmental toxicants has been suggested to be an important etiology of neurodegenerative disease development. Perfluorohexanesulfonate (PFHxS), one of the major perfluoroalkyl compounds, is widely distributed...
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Genetic Diversity of Toxoplasma gondii Strains from Different Hosts and Geographical Regions by Sequence Analysis of GRA20 Gene

Ning HR, Huang SY, Wang JL, Xu QM, Zhu XQ

Toxoplasma gondii is a eukaryotic parasite of the phylum Apicomplexa, which infects all warm-blood animals, including humans. In the present study, we examined sequence variation in dense granule 20 (GRA20)...
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Systemic administration of low dosage of tetanus toxin decreases cell proliferation and neuroblast differentiation in the mouse hippocampal dentate gyrus

Yan BC, Kim IH, Park JH, Ahn JH, Cho JH, Chen BH, Lee JC, Choi JH, Yoo KY, Lee CH, Cho JH, Kim JD, Won MH

  • KMID: 2312107
  • Lab Anim Res.
  • 2013 Sep;29(3):148-155.
In the present study, we investigated the effect of Tetaus toxin (TeT) on cell proliferation and neuroblast differentiation using specific markers: 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) as an exogenous marker for cell proliferation,...
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RNA Granules and Stress Granules in Virus Systems

Kim K

Viruses initiate a number of cellular stress responses and modulate gene regulation and compartmentalization of RNA upon infection to be successful parasites. Virus infections may induce or impair stress granule...
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Neutrophils in Immunity

Woo SY

Neutrophils are the most abundant white blood cells in the peripheral blood and have long been recognized as the major phagocytes in acute infection by destroying extracellular pathogens. Although research...
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Chlorination of ortho-position on Polychlorinated Biphenyls Increases Protein Kinase C Activity in Neuronal Cells

Lee YJ, Yang JH

  • KMID: 1432247
  • Toxicol Res.
  • 2012 Jun;28(2):107-112.
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent and bioaccumulative environmental pollutants. Recently, it is suggested that neurotoxic effects such as motor dysfunction and impairment in memory and learning have been associated with...
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Early cerebellar granule cell migration in the mouse embryonic development

Chung SH, Kim CT, Jung YH, Lee NS, Jeong YG

Pax6, a paired homeobox DNA binding protein, has been found to be expressed in the cerebellum in both granule cells and their precursors in the external granular layer (EGL). In...
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GRA Proteins of Toxoplasma gondii: Maintenance of Host-Parasite Interactions across the Parasitophorous Vacuolar Membrane

Nam HW

The dense granule of Toxoplasma gondii is a secretory vesicular organelle of which the proteins participate in the modification of the parasitophorous vacuole (PV) and PV membrane for the maintenance...
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Ultrastructural Alterations in the Gastric Chief Cells of Mouse, induced by 5-Fluorouracil or Mitomycin C

Kim MS, Ahn ET, Ko JS

  • KMID: 2092860
  • Korean J Anat.
  • 2005 Oct;38(5):421-431.
This experiment was performed to evaluate the morphological responses of the gastric chief cells of the mouse, inoculated with Ehrlich carcinoma cells in the inguinal area, following administration of 5-fluorouracil...
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Neurotoxic effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in cerebellar granule cells

Kim SY, Yang JH

  • KMID: 1033102
  • Exp Mol Med.
  • 2005 Feb;37(1):58-64.
An environmental pollutant, tetrachloro dibenzo dioxin (TCDD) is known to illicit the cognitive disability and motor dysfunction in the developing brain. TCDD induced effects leading to neurodevelopmental and neurobehavioral deficit...
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