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Guidelines for Transrectal Ultrasonography-Guided Prostate Biopsy: Korean Society of Urogenital Radiology Consensus Statement for Patient Preparation, Standard Technique, and Biopsy-Related Pain Management

Lee MS, Moon MH, Kim CK, Park SY, Choi MH, Jung SI, Korean Society of Urogenital Radiology (KSUR)

The Korean Society of Urogenital Radiology (KSUR) aimed to present a consensus statement for patient preparation, standard technique, and pain management in relation to transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUS-Bx) to...
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Ceramides: Nutrient Signals that Drive Hepatosteatosis

Summers SA

Ceramides are minor components of the hepatic lipidome that have major effects on liver function. These products of lipid and protein metabolism accumulate when the energy needs of the hepatocyte...
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Metabolomics approach to serum biomarker for laxative effects of red Liriope platyphylla in loperamide-induced constipation of SD rats

Kim JE, Lee YJ, Ryu SH, Park JW, Kang MJ, Choi HJ, Bae SJ, Choi Y, Kang HG, Kim KB, Kim S, Lim Y, Hwang DY

Red Liriope platyphylla (RLP) is a known herbal medicine used in the treatment of some chronic diseases including constipation, neurodegenerative disorders, diabetes and obesity. To determine and characterize putative biomarkers...
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Fumigaclavine C attenuates adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and ameliorates lipid accumulation in high-fat diet-induced obese mice

Yu WG, He Y, Chen YF, Gao XY, Ning WE, Liu CY, Tang TF, Liu Q, Huang XC

Fumigaclavine C (FC), an active indole alkaloid, is obtained from endophytic Aspergillus terreus (strain No. FC118) by the root of Rhizophora stylosa (Rhizophoraceae). This study is designed to evaluate whether...
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Inhibition of the 26S and 20S Proteasomes by the Site-specific Inhibitors

Woo KM

OBJECTIVE: The study was performed to establish the purification processes of both 26S and 20S proteasomes, also to investigate the inhibitory properties and patterns of two different proteasome inhibitors on...
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Channel Function of TRPML1 Prompts Lipolysis in Mature Adipocytes

Kim MS, Kim MS

Increased intracellular levels of Ca²⁺ are generally thought to negatively regulate lipolysis in mature adipocytes, whereas store-operated Ca²⁺ entry was recently reported to facilitate lipolysis and attenuate lipotoxicity by inducing...
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The Emerging Method of Suicide by Electronic Cigarette Liquid: a Case Report

Park EJ, Min YG

Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are a device that aerosolize liquid nicotine by heating a solution of nicotine, glycerol and flavoring agents. The awareness and the usage of ECs has increased in...
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Successful Ultrasound-Guided Gastrografin Enema for Very Low Birth Weight Infants with Meconium-Related Ileus

Shin J, Jeon GW

PURPOSE: Meconium-related ileus is common in preterm infants. Without proper management, it can cause necrotizing enterocolitis and perforation requiring emergent operation. This study was conducted to describe the efficacy and...
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Freezing and Washing of Red Blood Cells Using Haemonetics ACP 215

Youn KW, Choi KY, Lee SA, Min HK, Kim J

BACKGROUND: The use of a functionally closed system for the glycerolization and deglycerolization of red blood cells (RBCs) allows for prolonged post-thaw storage for more than 24 hours. The aim...
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Animal Models for Acute Kidney Injury

Jang HR

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is classified into three types according to its pathophysiology: prerenal, intrinsic renal, and post-renal AKI. Experimental models of AKI can be divided into two categories: in...
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Lipolytic effect of novel extracts from mulberry (Morus alba) leaves fermented with Cordyceps militaris in the primary adipocytes derived from SD rats

Lee MR, Kim JE, Yun WB, Choi JY, Park JJ, Kim HR, Song BR, Choi YW, Kim KM, Hwang DY

Mulberry (Morus alba) leaves are known to have therapeutic effects on lipid metabolism including lipogenesis, lipolysis and hyperlipidemia. However, novel compounds with strong lipolytic ability among 27 extracts of the...
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A Clinical Analysis of Secondary Surgery in Trigeminal Neuralgia Patients Who Failed Prior Treatment

Kang IH, Park BJ, Park CK, Malla HP, Lee SH, Rhee BA

OBJECTIVE: Although many treatment modalities have been introduced for trigeminal neuralgia (TN), the long-term clinical results remain unsatisfactory. It has been particularly challenging to determine an appropriate treatment strategy for...
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Korean Curcuma longa L. induces lipolysis and regulates leptin in adipocyte cells and rats

Song WY, Choi JH

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) has been reported to have many biological functions including anti-obesity. Leptin, peptide hormone produced by adipocytes and its concentration is increased in proportion to the...
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Soluble extract of soybean fermented with Aspergillus oryzae GB107 inhibits fat accumulation in cultured 3T3-L1 adipocytes

So KH, Suzuki Y, Yonekura S, Suzuki Y, Lee CH, Kim SW, Katoh K, Roh SG

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of fermented soybean (FS) extract on adipocyte differentiation and fat accumulation using cultured 3T3-L1 adipocytes. MATERIALS/METHODS: 3T3-L1 adipocytes were treated with FS...
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Metabolic Effects of Growth Hormones in Children

Rhie YJ

  • KMID: 2271160
  • Korean J Obes.
  • 2015 Jun;24(2):87-91.
Ever since recombinant human growth hormones (GH) were produced in the 1980s, many studies on their metabolic effects have been performed. GH has been shown to have a diabetogenic action...
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A Cannabinoid Receptor Agonist N-Arachidonoyl Dopamine Inhibits Adipocyte Differentiation in Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Ahn S, Yi S, Seo WJ, Lee MJ, Song YK, Baek SY, Yu J, Hong SH, Lee J, Shin DW, Jeong LS, Noh M

Endocannabinoids can affect multiple cellular targets, such as cannabinoid (CB) receptors, transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 1 (TRPV1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma). The stimuli to...
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The use of artificial pulmonary surfactant in neonatal respiratory distress

Choi YS

Pulmonary surfactant instillation is the treatment of choice in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. The development of artificial surfactant has three decades of history. Animal-derived artificial surfactant is used in most...
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Carnosic Acid Inhibits Lipid Accumulation in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes Through Attenuation of Fatty Acid Desaturation

Park MY, Sung MK

BACKGROUND: Excess body fat accumulation contributes to the development of metabolic disorders that can cause adverse health effects. Carnosic acid (CA), a major bioactive component of rosemary (Rosemarinus officinalis), has...
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A Rabbit Model of Fat Graft Recipient Site Preconditioning Using External Negative Pressure

Lee JW, Han YS, Kim SR, Kim HK, Kim H, Park JH

BACKGROUND: Fat is widely used in soft tissue augmentation. Nevertheless, it has an unpredictably high resorption rate. Clinically, external expansion with negative pressure is used to increase fat graft survival....
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The Composition of Modified BHI Medium for Optimal Growth of Malassezia spp.

Yang NW

BACKGROUND: There are several media for culture of Malassezia spp., such as Leeming & Notman (LN) medium, modified Leeming & Notman (mLN) medium, Dixon's medium and modified Dixon's medium etc....
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