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Vitamin D Deficiency at Mid-Pregnancy Is Associated with a Higher Risk of Postpartum Glucose Intolerance in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Kim KS, Park SW, Cho YW, Kim SK

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) at mid-pregnancy and postpartum glucose intolerance in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: We enrolled 348 pregnant women diagnosed with...
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Connections between Diabetes and Cognitive Dysfunction

Lee SH

Dementia, a clinical syndrome affecting memory, thinking, and social abilities primarily caused by neurodegeneration, is becoming one of the greatest health and socioeconomic burdens in the aging society. The age-standardized...
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Metabolic Syndrome and Male Fertility

Martins AD, Majzoub A, Agawal A

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) represents a cluster of conditions that have a negative impact on human health overall. Its prevalence has been rapidly increasing worldwide and has coincided with a global...
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Association between Abdominal Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adults with Normal Body Mass Index: Based on the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Kim HY, Kim JK, Shin GG, Han JA, Kim JW

BACKGROUND: Abdominal obesity predisposes individuals to cardiovascular disease, but the data in adults with normal body mass index (BMI) are relatively rare. This study aimed to evaluate the characteristics of...
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Changes in Glucose Metabolism with Aging

Hong EG

The increasing risk of glucose intolerance and diabetes associated with aging is well established. However, it is difficult to determine whether changes in glucose metabolism result from biological aging itself...
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Childhood diabetes in India

Kalra S, Dhingra M

This review describes the epidemiology of childhood diabetes in India. It focuses on the incidence and prevalence of type 1 diabetes and its complications and comorbid conditions. The review also...
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Compound K attenuates glucose intolerance and hepatic steatosis through AMPK-dependent pathways in type 2 diabetic OLETF rats

Hwang YC, Oh DH, Choi MC, Lee SY, Ahn KJ, Chung HY, Lim SJ, Chung SH, Jeong IK

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with insulin resistance. Compound K (CK) is the final metabolite of panaxadiol ginsenosides that have been shown to exert antidiabetic effects. However, the...
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Anti-hyperglycemic effects and signaling mechanism of Perilla frutescens sprout extract

Kim DH, Kim SJ, Yu KY, Jeong SI, Kim SY

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton var. (PF) sprout is a plant of the labiate family. We have previously reported the protective effects of PF sprout extract on cytokine-induced β-cell damage....
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Diabetes and Endocrine Disease

Bae JC, Han JM

Impaired insulin secretion and insulin resistance are the two main mechanisms leading to type 2 diabetes mellitus. Insulin exerts multiple effects upon target cells, especially skeletal muscle, liver, and adipose...
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The Eosinophil Count Tends to Be Negatively Associated with Levels of Serum Glucose in Patients with Adrenal Cushing Syndrome

Lee Y, Yi HS, Kim HR, Joung KH, Kang YE, Lee JH, Kim KS, Kim HJ, Ku BJ, Shong M

BACKGROUND: Cushing syndrome is characterized by glucose intolerance, cardiovascular disease, and an enhanced systemic inflammatory response caused by chronic exposure to excess cortisol. Eosinopenia is frequently observed in patients with...
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Prevalence of Self-reported Allergic Diseases and IgE Levels: A 2010 KNHANES Analysis

Park HJ, Kim EJ, Yoon D, Lee JK, Chang WS, Lim YM, Park JW, Lee JS

PURPOSE: The prevalence of allergic diseases is known to be associated with both demographic and environmental factors. Herein, we aimed to determine significant factors associated with the prevalence of allergic...
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Factors Positively Influencing Health Are Associated with a Lower Risk of Development of Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Men: The 2007–2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Kim S, Cho MR, Kim T, Lim HJ, Lee JW, Kang HT

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has risen rapidly worldwide, including in South Korea. Factors related to lifestyle are closely associated with the development of MetS. The aim of...
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Serum from pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus increases the expression of FABP4 mRNA in primary subcutaneous human pre-adipocytes

Li L, Lee SJ, Kook SY, Ahn TG, Lee JY, Hwang JY

OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance first detected during pregnancy. It can result in pregnancy complications such as birth injury, stillbirth. Fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4),...
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Antioxidant Status and Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: a Case-Control Study

Parast VM, Paknahad Z

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is described as glucose intolerance diagnosed during pregnancy. Increased oxidative stress has implicated in diabetic problems. The aim of the current study was to compare antioxidant...
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Adiponectin Concentration in Gestational Diabetic Women: a Case-Control Study

Mohammadi , Paknahad Z

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an impaired fasting glucose condition during pregnancy. Adiponectin is a polypeptide hormone that is extensively released by adipocytes which regulates energy homeostasis and carbohydrate and...
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Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus

Moon JH, Kwak SH, Jang HC

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy, is characterized by underlying maternal defects in the β-cell response to insulin...
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Management of Steroid-induced Hyperglycemia

Suh S, Park MK

Steroids are widely used as potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs to treat a wide range of diseases. However, they are also associated with a number of side effects including new-onset...
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Glycemic Effects of Rebaudioside A and Erythritol in People with Glucose Intolerance

Shin DH, Lee JH, Kang MS, Kim TH, Jeong SJ, Kim CH, Kim SS, Kim IJ

BACKGROUND: Rebaudioside A and erythritol are nonnutritive sweeteners. There have been several studies of their glycemic effects, but the outcomes remain controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate...
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The Effect of Glycemic Status on Kidney Stone Disease in Patients with Prediabetes

Lien TH, Wu JS, Yang YC, Sun ZJ, Chang CJ

BACKGROUND: While the evidence supporting a positive association between diabetes mellitus and kidney stone disease (KSD) is solid, studies examining the association between impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and KSD show...
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Prognosis of Heart Disease in Obesity – The Obesity Paradox

Noh J

Obesity increases the risk for heart diseases, including cardiovascular disease and heart failure. This is caused by the increasing prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, glucose intolerance and...
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