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Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Dysglycemia

Bak SJ, Sa HJ, Oh EJ, Kweon HJ, Kim KJ, Shin J, Choi JK

Background: This study aimed to investigate the association between the exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) and dysglycemia. Methods: This cross-sectional study included a total of 4,417 adults (1,103 with SHS exposure,...
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Comparison of the Effects of Various Antidiabetic Medication on Bone Mineral Density in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Ha J, Lim Y, Kim MK, Kwon HS, Song KH, Ko SH, Kang MI, Moon SD, Baek KH

Background: Prospective comparative studies on the effects of various antidiabetic agents on bone metabolism are limited. This study aimed to assess changes in bone mass and biochemical bone markers in...
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Impaction of a continuous glucose monitoring sensor

Park KC, Choi HJ

A 33-year-old man presented to the plastic surgery department for foreign body removal 1 month after the insertion of a continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) sensor (Dexcom G5) in the left...
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Daytime Glycemic Variability and Frailty in Older Patients with Diabetes: a Pilot Study Using Continuous Glucose Monitoring

Chung SM, Lee YH, Kim CO, Lee JY, Jin SM, Yoo SH, Moon JS, Kim KJ

We investigated the relationship between glucose variability and frailty. Forty-eight type 2 diabetic patients aged ≥ 65 years were enrolled. The FRAIL scale was used for frailty assessment, and participants...
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Cardiovascular Safety of Sodium Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors as Add-on to Metformin Monotherapy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Jeon JY, Ha KH, Kim DJ

Background: Using real-world data, cardiovascular safety was investigated in metformin users newly starting sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors compared with other glucose-lowering drugs in Korea. Methods: This was a retrospective...
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The Shape of the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test-Glucose Response Curve in Islet Cell Antibody-Positive vs. -Negative Obese Youth Clinically Diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes

Kim JY, Tfayli H, Bacha F, Arslanian S

Background: The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)-glucose response curves (GRCs; incessant increase, monophasic, and biphasic) reflect insulin sensitivity and β-cell function, being worse in the former and superior in the...
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Report of the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service on Glucose Point-ofCare Testing (2018–2019)

Lim J, Kwon GC

In the 2018 and 2019 glucose analysis by point-of-care testing, an external quality assessment was performed in two sessions. Quality control (QC) materials available on the market were used in...
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Predictive capability of fasting-state glucose and insulin measurements for abnormal glucose tolerance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Chun S

Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the predictive capability of fasting-state measurements of glucose and insulin levels alone for abnormal glucose tolerance in women with polycystic...
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Hyperglycemia and Hypo-HDLcholesterolemia Are Primary Risk Factors for Age-related Cataract, and a Korean-style Balanced Diet has a Negative Association, based on the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study

Jee D, Park S

Background: The prevalence of cataracts is steadily increasing among the middle-aged and elderly worldwide. We hypothesized that adults aged > 50 years with age-related cataracts (ARCs) have an association with...
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Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference was Risk Factors for Increased Fasting Blood Sugar, and Hemoglobin A1c in Korean Adults without Diabetes Mellitus

Lee h

Purpose: This study confirmed the effects of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) on fasting blood glucose (FBS) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in adults without diabetes mellitus (DM)....
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Determinants of Adherence to Diabetes Screening in Iranian Adults With a Positive Family History of Diabetes

Malih N, Sohrabi MR, Abadi A, Arshi S

Objectives: Insufficient evidence exists regarding factors that affect screening adherence among people with a family history of diabetes, who comprise roughly half of all patients with diabetes. Therefore, we aimed...
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Sodium-glucose Co-transporter 2 Inhibitors: a New Path for Heart Failure Treatment

Oh J, Lee SH, Lee CJ, Kang SM

Results from cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOT) with 5 different sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i; empagliflozin, canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, ertugliflozin, sotagliflozin), initially developed for their glucose-lowering effect by blocking tubular glucose reabsorption...
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Fasting glucose level and all-cause or cause-specific mortality in Korean adults: a nationwide cohort study

Kim YS, Park YM, Han KD, Yun JS, Ahn YB, Ko SH

Background/Aims: Although people with diabetes have been shown to have higher mortality than people without diabetes, there is a lack of data on the association between fasting plasma glucose (FPG)...
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Effect of Dapagliflozin as an Add-on Therapy to Insulin on the Glycemic Variability in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DIVE): A Multicenter, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Randomized Study

Lee SH, Min KW, Lee BW, Jeong IK, Yoo SJ, Kwon HS, Choi YH, Yoon KH

Background Glycemic variability is associated with the development of diabetic complications and hypoglycemia. However, the effect of sodium-glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors on glycemic variability is controversial. We aimed to examine...
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High Serum-Induced AhRL Is Associated with Prevalent Metabolic Syndrome and Future Impairment of Glucose Tolerance in the Elderly

Pak YK, Choi HS, Park WH, Im S, Lind PM, Lind L, Lee HK

Background: High circulating levels of dioxins and dioxin-like chemicals, acting via the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), have previously been linked to diabetes. We now investigated whether the serum AhR ligands...
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Cardiorenal Protection in Diabetic Kidney Disease

Lee JF, Berzan E, Sridhar VS, Odutayo A, Cherney DZ

Over the last 5 years there have been many new developments in the management of diabetic kidney disease. Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA) and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors were...
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Comparative Renal Effects of Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors and Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors on Individual Outcomes in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis

Bae JH, Park EG, Kim S, Kim SG, Hahn S, Kim NH

Background: To compare the renal effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors on individual outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: We searched electronic databases...
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Continuous Glucose Monitoring in the Hospital

Perez-Guzman MC, Shang T, Zhang JY, Jornsay D, Klonoff DC

Continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) have suddenly become part of routine care in many hospitals. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has necessitated the use of new technologies and new processes...
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Association between extract from fruit of Opuntia ficus-indica and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Jo H, Kim HS, Kim DJ, Sim SB

Opuntia ficus-indica has traditionally been used in prevention and treatment of various diseases such as diabetes mellitus. The current study was performed to determine whether Opuntia ficus-indica is associated with...
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Diabetes Management in Patients with Heart Failure

Shen J, Greenberg BH

Diabetes and heart failure (HF) are common diseases, each affecting large segments of the world population. Moreover, prevalence rates for both are expected to rise dramatically over coming decades. The...
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