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Risk Factors Associated with Failure of Cephalomedullary Nail Fixation in the Treatment of Trochanteric Hip Fractures

Yoo J, Chang J, Park C, Hwang J

BACKGROUND: Intramedullary (IM) nailing is widely performed in elderly patients with trochanteric fractures. Thus, it is important to identify causative factors associated with fixation failure. We investigated fixation failures after...
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Selecting Arthroplasty Fixation Approach Based on Greater Trochanter Fracture Type in Unstable Intertrochanteric Fractures

Kim MW, Chung YY, Lim SA, Shim SW

PURPOSE: To evaluate the success rate of fixation approaches for greater trochanter (GT) fracture types in those with unstable intertrochnateric fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients who underwent arthroplasty for unstable...
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Transcatheter Arterial Embolization with N-Butyl Cyanoacrylate for Profunda Femoris Artery Pseudoaneurysms Caused by Femur Shaft Fractures: Two Case Reports

Lee J, Kim Y, Park KS, Lee J, Lee SH

Pseudoaneurysm formation in the profunda femoris artery (PFA) is a rare complication of femur shaft fractures or, more usually, a consequence of operative repair. Over the past few years, percutaneous...
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Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients with Avascular Necrosis of the Entire Femur

Yi SR, Im SH, Park SH

Avascular necrosis (AVN) is defined as the cellular death of bone and bone marrow components due to the loss of blood supply, and associated with post-traumatic or non-traumatic events. AVN...
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Intrapelvic Migration of the Lag Screw with Wedge Wing from Dyna Locking Trochanteric Nail: A Case Report and Literature Review

Kim YW, Kim WY, Kim KJ, Lee SW

The intrapelvic migration of cervicocephalic lag screws is a rare complication after intertrochanteric fracture synthesis with an intramedullary nail. Only 15 cases of intrapelvic penetration by three different instrument systems...
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Clinical Outcomes of U-blade Gamma3 Nails Used to Treat Patients with Trochanteric Fractures: Retrospective Multicenter Study

Yoo J, Kim S, Jung H, Hwang J

PURPOSE: This study was performed to assess the radiologic and clinical results of U-blade Gamma3 nail use for the treatment of trochanteric fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2015 and May...
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Localization of Atypical Femoral Fracture on Straight and Bowed Femurs

Park YC, Yoon SP, Yang KH

BACKGROUND: To elucidate the effect of anterolateral bowing on the fracture height of atypical femoral fractures (AFFs), we separated the AFFs into 2 groups according to the presence of anterolateral...
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Locked Plating in Elderly Patients with Distal Femur Fracture: How to Avoid Complications?

Jang CY, Yoo JH

Distal femur fractures in elderly patients with osteoporosis are complicated because poor bone quality makes screw purchase and fixation less secure, presenting many clinical challenges to the orthopedic surgeon. Minimally...
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Trochanteric Fixation Nail® with Helical Blade Compared with Femoral Neck Screw for Operative Treatment of Intertrochanteric Femoral Fractures

van Leur J, Jakma T, Willemsen , Punt B

PURPOSE: This study was performed to compare outcomes of the Trochanteric Fixation Nail (TFN®) with a helical blade versus TFN® with a femoral neck screw for the treatment of intertrochanteric...
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The Frequency of Occult Intertrochanteric Fractures among Individuals with Isolated Greater Trochanteric Fractures

Noh J, Lee KH, Jung S, Hwang S

PURPOSE: Isolated greater trochanteric (GT) fractures are often identified using plain radiography of patients with post-traumatic hip pain. In many cases, the fracture extends to form an occult intertrochanteric fracture....
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Outcomes of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Detected Occult Neck of Femur Fractures: Do They Represent a Less Severe Injury with Improved Outcomes?

Raval P, Mayne AI, Yeap PM, Oliver TB, Jariwala A, Sripada S

PURPOSE: Occult hip fractures in the elderly can be missed on standard radiographs and are a known cause of morbidity. These are generally diagnosed on either magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
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Limb Salvage Using a Combined Distal Femur and Proximal Tibia Replacement in the Sequelae of an Infected Reconstruction on Either Side of the Knee Joint

Jeon DG, Cho WH, Park H, Nam H

PURPOSE: Tumor infiltration around the knee joint or skip metastasis, repeated infection sequelae after tumor prosthesis implantation, regional recurrence, and mechanical failure of the megaprosthesis might require combined distal femur...
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Bilateral Stress Fracture of Femur Neck, Fatigue Type of Non-Athlete Young Adult

Yun YJ, Na YJ, Jung JW, Lee KH

Bilateral femoral neck stress fractures have been rarely reported. When diagnosed, they are usually limited to athletes or military personnel. A 35-year-old man, previously healthy, visited the emergency department for...
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The Timing of Femur Fracture Fixation is an Important Factor for Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation

Choi HC, Jung KH, Kyoung KH, Choi SH

PURPOSE: Mechanical ventilation (MV) is an essential life-saving modality for severely injured patients. However, the long-term use of MV is a major risk factor for late mortality. The surgical correction...
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Study of Deformity by the Involvement of the Femoral Head of the Proximal Femur in Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia

Na BR, Jung ST, Cho YJ

PURPOSE: To evaluate the treatment result in polyostotic fibrous dysplasia classified according to the involvement of the femoral head. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients from March 1987 to March 2014 were...
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Prediction of early postoperative desaturation in extreme older patients after spinal anesthesia for femur fracture surgery: a retrospective analysis

Jo YY, Park CG, Lee JY, Kwon SK, Kwak HJ

BACKGROUND: Postoperative desaturation in older individuals is rarely addressed in the literature. The objective of this retrospective study was to investigate whether a preoperative spirometric test and arterial blood gas...
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Outcomes of Combined Neck and Trochanter Fractures of the Femur Treated with Cephallomedullary Nail in Elderly

Yoo H, Cho Y, Hwang S

PURPOSE: Proximal femur fractures are classified into intracapsular neck fractures and extracapsular trochanteric fractures, and several related treatment recommendations in elderly patients have already been introduced. Importantly, we have observed...
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Anterior Cortical Window Technique Instead of Extended Trochanteric Osteotomy in Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Minimum 10-Year Follow-up

Park CH, Yeom J, Park JW, Won SH, Lee YK, Koo KH

BACKGROUND: The anterior cortical window technique was developed to facilitate stem removal in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). In this technique, only the anterior cortex of the proximal femur is...
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Outcomes following Treatment of Geriatric Distal Femur Fractures with Analyzing Risk Factors for the Nonunion

Jeong SY, Lee JH, Park KC

PURPOSE: Many international journals have published studies on the results of distal femoral fractures in elderly people, but only a few studies have been conducted on the Korean population. The...
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Congenital Insensitivity to Pain with Anhidrosis: Five-Year-Old Girl with a Neglected Distal Femur Fracture

Woo SH, Kim TW, Bae JY, Kwak SH

Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) is a rare disease that affects the sensory and autonomic nervous system. The patients do not have the ability to sense different sensations,...
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