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Nutrient intakes and medication use in elderly individuals with and without dry mouths

Lee KA, Park JC, Park YK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The nutrition of the elderly depends on various factors. Oral health, especially oral dryness, can be an important risk factor. In this study, we attempted to determine whether dry...
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Novel ABCD1 Gene Mutation in a Korean Patient with X-Linked Adrenoleukodystrophy Presenting with Addison's Disease

Cho YK, Lee SY, Kim SW

X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) occurs due to mutations in the ABCD1 gene that encodes the peroxisomal membrane protein peroxisomal transporter ATP-binding cassette sub-family D member 1 (ABCD1). Degradation of very long-chain...
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Imbalance of Gut Streptococcus, Clostridium, and Akkermansia Determines the Natural Course of Atopic Dermatitis in Infant

Park YM, Lee SY, Kang MJ, Kim BS, Lee MJ, Jung SS, Yoon JS, Cho HJ, Lee E, Yang SI, Seo JH, Kim HB, Suh DI, Shin YH, Kim KW, Ahn K, Hong SJ

PURPOSE: The roles of gut microbiota on the natural course of atopic dermatitis (AD) are not yet fully understood. We investigated whether the composition and function of gut microbiota and...
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Efficacy and Safety of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Patients Treated with Statins for Residual Hypertriglyceridemia: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

Jun JE, Jeong IK, Yu JM, Kim SR, Lee IK, Han KA, Choi SH, Kim SK, Park HK, Mok JO, Lee YH, Kwon HS, Kim SH, Kang HC, Lee SA, Lee CB, Choi KM, Her SH, Shin WY, Shin MS, Ahn HS, Kang SH, Cho JM, Jo SH, Cha TJ, Kim SY, Won KH, Kim DB, Lee JH, Lee MK

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk remains increased despite optimal low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level induced by intensive statin therapy. Therefore, recent guidelines recommend non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) as a secondary...
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Quantifications of Lipid Kinetics In Vivo Using Stable Isotope Tracer Methodology

Kim IY, Park S, Jang J, Wolfe RR

Like other bodily materials, lipids such as plasma triacylglycerol, cholesterols, and free fatty acids are in a dynamic state of constant turnover (i.e., synthesis, breakdown, oxidation, and/or conversion to other...
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Ceramides: Nutrient Signals that Drive Hepatosteatosis

Summers SA

Ceramides are minor components of the hepatic lipidome that have major effects on liver function. These products of lipid and protein metabolism accumulate when the energy needs of the hepatocyte...
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Impact of Intravenous Omega-3-Enriched Lipid Emulsion on Liver Enzyme and Triglyceride Serum Levels of Children Undergoing Gastrointestinal Surgery

Hanindita , Widjaja NA, Irawan R, Hidayat B, Hariastawa IA

PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of omega-3-enriched lipid emulsion (LE) on liver enzyme (aspartate transaminase [AST] and alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) and triglyceride (TG) levels of children undergoing gastrointestinal surgery. METHODS: This...
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Medium- and long-chain triglyceride propofol reduces the activity of acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase in hepatic lipid metabolism in HepG2 and Huh7 cells

Wang LY, Wu J, Gao YF, Lin DM, Ma J

Medium- and long-chain triglyceride (MCT/LCT) propofol is widely used as an intravenous anesthetic, especially in the intensive care unit. The present study aimed to assess whether MCT/LCT propofol is safe...
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Antibiotics-Induced Dysbiosis of Intestinal Microbiota Aggravates Atopic Dermatitis in Mice by Altered Short-Chain Fatty Acids

Kim HJ, Lee SH, Hong SJ

PURPOSE: Alterations in the intestinal microbiota in early life affects the development of atopic dermatitis (AD) in humans. This study aimed to further investigate the effects of gut dysbiosis in...
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Association between Omega Fatty Acid Intake and Suicidality : Sex Differences in the General Korean Population

Hur YI, Lee JH

OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies in other countries show that a low intake of omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) increases the risk of depression or suicidality. However, no studies have investigated the associations...
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Effect of Diet on the Gut Microbiota Associated with Obesity

Kim B, Choi HN, Yim JE

Obesity is abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that is associated with progression of metabolic diseases including type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and cancer. Gut microbiota...
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Identification of Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Inhibitors from the Seeds of Passiflora edulis Cultivated in Vietnam

Cuong TD, Thi Ngoc Anh H, Huong TT, Khanh PN, Ha VT, Hung TM, Kim YH, Cuong NM

Soluble epoxide hydrolases (sEH) are enzymes present in all living organisms, metabolize epoxy fatty acids to 1,2-diols. sEH in the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids plays a key role in...
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Physiological Activities of Policosanol Extracted from Sugarcane Wax

Jang YS, Kim DE, Han E, Jung J

Policosanol extracted from sugarcane wax is a generic term used for total fatty alcohols obtained from esterification of fatty acids. It has been approved as a health functional food by...
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Metformin Ameliorates Lipotoxic β-Cell Dysfunction through a Concentration-Dependent Dual Mechanism of Action

Kim HI, Lee JS, Kwak BK, Hwang WM, Kim MJ, Kim YB, Chung SS, Park KS

BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to elevated levels of free fatty acids contributes to pancreatic β-cell dysfunction. Although it is well known that metformin induces cellular energy depletion and a concomitant activation...
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A Novel Effect of Lipids Extracted from Vernix Caseosa on Regulation of Filaggrin Expression in Human Epidermal Keratinocytes

Qiao W, Jia T, Gu H, Guo R, Kaku K, Wu W

BACKGROUND: Vernix caseosa (VC), which is known as a unique human substance, is a biofilm that covers the skin of most human newborns. VC has many biological functions including anti-infective,...
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Nutritional issues in patients with cancer

Kim DH

Cancer is a catabolic inflammatory disease that causes patients to often experience weight loss, or even cachexia in severe cases. Undernourishment in patients with cancer impairs the quality of life...
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Effect of immune-enhancing enteral nutrition formula enriched with plant-derived n-3 fatty acids on natural killer cell activity in rehabilitation patients

Cho JM, Choi HS, Cho YS, Park SY, Kim DY, Lee JH

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Enteral nutrition formulas with immune-enhancing nutrients, such as n-3 fatty acids, may manage patients' nutritional status and pathophysiological processes. The aim of our study was to investigate natural killer...
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PF-04620110, a Potent Antidiabetic Agent, Suppresses Fatty Acid-Induced NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation in Macrophages

Jo SI, Bae JH, Kim SJ, Lee JM, Jeong JH, Moon JS

BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation has been linked to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). High-fat diet (HFD)-derived fatty acid is associated with the activation of chronic inflammation in T2DM....
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Comparison of the Efficacy of Rosuvastatin Monotherapy 20 mg with Rosuvastatin 5 mg and Ezetimibe 10 mg Combination Therapy on Lipid Parameters in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Hwang YC, Jun JE, Jeong IK, Ahn KJ, Chung HY

BACKGROUND: The apolipoprotein B/A1 (apoB/A1) ratio is a stronger predictor of future cardiovascular disease than is the level of conventional lipids. Statin and ezetimibe combination therapy have shown additional cardioprotective...
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Efficacy and Safety of Prescription Omega-3 Fatty Acids Added to Stable Statin Therapy in Korean Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and Hypertriglyceridemia: a Randomized Controlled Trial

Son JW, Kim CH, Nam MS, Park IB, Yoo SJ

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of omega-3 fatty acids added to statin monotherapy in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes who have persistent hypertriglyceridemia...
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