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Predicting Phenotypic Antimicrobial Resistance in Escherichia coli Isolates, Using Whole Genome Sequencing Data

Kim H, Kim YA, Seo YH, Lee H, Lee K

Background: The application of genotypic antimicrobial sensitivity tests (ASTs) is dependent on the reliability of the predictions of phenotypic resistance. In this study, routine AST results and the presence of...
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Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Using Escherichia coli-Derived Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2: A Pilot Study

Son HJ, Chang BS, Chang SY, Park HS, Kim H

Background: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is an osteoinductive growth factor widely used in orthopedic surgery; it is also known to be associated with postoperative airway compromise or dysphagia...
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Additive effect of probiotics (Mutaflor) on 5-aminosalicylic acid therapy in patients with ulcerative colitis

Park SK, Kang SB, Kim S, Kim TO, Cha JM, Im JP, Choi CH, Kim ES, Seo GS, Eun CS, Han DS, Park DI

Background/Aims: In ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) is equivalent to mesalazine for preventing disease relapse; however, evidence of the ability of EcN to increase health-related quality...
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Guillain-Barré Syndrome Associated with Shiga Toxin-Producing and Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Infection

Kang J, Eun JI, Hwang H, Yoon BA, Shin KJ

GuillainBarré syndrome (GBS) is the inflammatory neuropathy that affects the myelin and nodal or paranodal areas of peripheral nerves. Immunoglobulin G GM1 antibody is well known as the cause of...
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Molecular characteristics of ESBLproducing Escherichia coli isolated from chickens with colibacillosis

Yoon S, Lee YJ

Background: Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) causes colibacillosis, resulting in significant economic losses in the poultry industry. Objectives: In this study, the molecular characteristics of two extended-spectrum betalactamase (ESBL)-producing APEC isolates...
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Antibiotic Sensitivity of Bacterial Strains from Prostate Abscess Pus Aspirated Using Ultrasound Guidance

Park KK, Kim SD, Kim YJ, Huh JS

Purpose: A prostate abscess is a rare occurrence often caused by immune dysfunction. The diagnostic modality for a prostate abscess is computed tomography or transrectal ultrasound. Transrectal ultrasound-guided aspiration is...
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Pathophysiology of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli during a host infection

Lee JB, Kim SK, Yoon JW

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is a major cause of infantile diarrhea in developing countries. However, sporadic outbreaks caused by this microorganism in developed countries are frequently reported recently. As an...
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High Prevalence of bla CTX-M in Fecal Commensal Escherichia coli from Healthy Children

Alcedo K, Ruiz J, Ochoa TJ, Riveros M

Background: Antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli can colonize the intestinal tract of healthy children, causing concern when antibiotic resistance is related to the presence of transferable mechanisms, such as extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs). Materials...
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Zinc Deficiency Elevates Fecal Protein, But Not Electrolyte and Short-Chain Fatty Acid, Levels in Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli-Induced Diarrhea in Rats

David EE, Yameen MA, Igwenyi IO, David CN, Nwobodo V, Ismail AK

Purpose: To determine the effect of zinc deficiency on fecal protein, electrolyte, and shortchain fatty acid levels in both heat-stable (ST) and heat-labile (LT) enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC)-induced diarrhea in...
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Protective efficacy of a novel multivalent vaccine in the prevention of diarrhea induced by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in a murine model

Zhao H, Xu Y, Li G, Liu X, Li X, Wang L

Background: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infection is a primary cause of livestock diarrhea. Therefore, effective vaccines are needed to reduce the incidence of ETEC infection. Objectives: Our study aimed to develop...
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Molecular characteristics of Escherichia coli from bulk tank milk in Korea

Yoon S, Lee YJ

Background: Escherichia coli, which causes subclinical or clinical mastitis in cattle, is responsible for transmitting antimicrobial resistance via human consumption of raw milk or raw milk products. Objectives: The objective of...
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Risk Factors for Mortality in Patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae Carbapenemaseproducing K. pneumoniae and Escherichia coli bacteremia

Seo H, Bae S, Kim MJ, Chong YP, Kim SH, Lee SO, Choi SH, Kim YS, Jung J

Background: Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing Enterobacterales bacteremia is associated with significant mortality; however, no optimal antibiotic strategy is available. We aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes according to the antibiotic...
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Effects of carbamate pesticides intermediates on Escherichia coli membrane architecture: An in vitro and in silico approach

Singh P, Tripathi MK, Yasir M, Ranjan A, Shrivastava R

Methyl isocyanate (MIC), a low molecular weight synthetic aliphatic compound, having an isocyanate group (−NCO), has industrial application. In this study, the effects of methyl isocyanate and its mechanism on...
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Prevalence and Molecular Epidemiology of ExtendedSpectrum-β-Lactamase (ESBL)-Producing Escherichia coli From Multiple Sectors of the Swine Industry in Korea: A Korean Nationwide Monitoring Program for a One Health Approach to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance

Kim YA, Kim H, Seo YH, Park GE, Lee H, Lee K

Background: One health is a flexible concept with many facets, including the environment, community, and the nosocomial super-bacteria resistance network. We investigated the molecular prevalence of extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC)...
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Single-dose amikacin plus 7 days of amoxicillin/ clavulanate to treat acute cystitis caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli: A retrospective cohort study

Ahn ST, Han DE, Lee DH, Kim JW, Park HS, Moon DG, Oh MM

Purpose: Treatment options for urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms are limited other than carbapenem. Accordingly, clinicians should investigate alternative antimicrobial options for limited infection. This...
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Risk Factors Associated with Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection Caused by Escherichia coli

Kim YA, Kang EW, Seo YH, Lee K

Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical and microbiological characteristics of recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by Escherichia coli— the most common etiological agent. Methods: Cases...
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Clinical characteristics of children who visited the emergency department with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli urinary tract infection and its risk factors

Hong Sh, Kim Hb, Chueh HW

Purpose: To identify the differences in features between children with urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL)-positive and -negative Escherichia coli, and analyze risk factors for the former...
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Pregnancy and Abnormal Vaginal Flora

Oh Sy

There is no doubt that ascending infection originated from vagina is the main route of intra-amniotic infection (or inflammation), which account for 40-50% of preterm birth. Abnormal vaginal flora can...
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Genotypic characterization of fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from edible offal

Son SH, Seo KW, Kim YB, Noh EB, Lee KW, Oh TH, Kim SJ, Song JC, Kim TW, Lee YJ

Abstract: Edible offal is easily contaminated by Escherichia coli (E. coli) and fluoroquinolone (FQ)-resistant E. coli is considered a serious public health problem, thus, this study investigated the genetic characteristics...
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Virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes of pathogenic Escherichia coli from piglets showing diarrhea before and after ban on antibiotic growth promoters in feed

Do KH, Byun JW, Lee WK

Abstract: This study examined the prevalence of adherence factors, toxin genes, antimicrobial resistance phenotypes, and resistance genes in Escherichia coli (E. coli) isolated from piglets with diarrhea before and...
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