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Associations of unspecified pain, idiopathic pain and COVID-19 in South Korea: a nationwide cohort study

Kim N, Kim J, Yang BR, Hahm BJ

Background: Few studies have investigated unspecified or idiopathic pain associated with COIVD-19. This study aimed to provide the incidence rates of unspecified pain and idiopathic pain in patients with COVID-19...
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Impairment of Quality of Life and Mental Health Status in Adult-Onset Atopic Dermatitis

Yoo J, Koo HYR, Han K, Lee YB

Background: Patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) have an impaired quality of life (QoL). To our knowledge, impairments in mental health status and health-related QoL (HRQoL) have not yet been evaluated...
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Epidemiological Characteristics of Carbapenemase Producing Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Colonization

Jeong IS, Song JY

Purpose: This study identified the epidemiological characteristics, including the size and major strains, of carbapenemase-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CP-CRE) and CP-CRE-related factors by comparing the characteristics of patients in the CP-CRE...
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Sedentarism, A Modifiable Risk Factor for Developing Chronic Kidney Disease in Healthy People

Concha AT, Mendoza FAR

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a consequence of the interaction of many pathophysiological processes, manifested by a decrease in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and abnormal kidney function. Sedentary...
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Seroprevalence of viral infectious diseases and associated factors in Korean patients with inflammatory bowel diseases

Hong HS, Jung J, Park SH, Kim HJ, Hwang SW, Yang DH, Byeon JS, Myung SJ, Yang SK, Ye BD

Background/Aims: Data on the immunoprotective status against measles, mumps, rubella, varicella zoster virus (VZV), hepatitis A virus (HAV), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)...
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Measles susceptibility of marriage migrant women in Korea

Kim S, Kim SA, Hong H, Choi SR, Na HY, Shin SU, Park KH, Jung SI, Shin MH, Kweon SS, Kang SJ

International migrants could be considered a risk group susceptible to vaccine-preventable diseases. We conducted a measles seroprevalence study among 419 marriage migrant women living in Sinan-gun and Wando-gun, South Jeolla...
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Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of Hospitalized Patients with Community Acquired Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection According to Severity Classification

Jang DS, Yun HS, Lee SH

Background: In December 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged in Wuhan, China and, thereafter, rapidly spread worldwide, including South Korea. The spread of COVID-19 is still ongoing throughout the country,...
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Hepatitis A Outbreak in a Facility for the Disabled, Gyeonggi Province, Korea: An Epidemiological Investigation

Chang Y, Kim C, Kim N, Kim JJ, Lee H

Objectives: The number of cases of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infections has sharply increased in Korea, especially among young adults. In this study, an HAV outbreak in a facility for...
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Cervical Cancer in Women with Normal Papanicolaou Tests: A Korean Nationwide Cohort Study

Kim M, Kim H, Suh DH, Kim YB

Purpose This study aimed to evaluate the risk of cervical cancer diagnosed within 1 year after the last of multiple consecutive normal Papanicolau (Pap) tests. Materials and Methods The database of...
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Epidemiology of trigeminal neuralgia: an electronic population health data study in Korea

Lee CH, Jang HY, Won HS, Kim JS, Kim YD

Background: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is one of the most painful disorder in the orofacial region, and many patients have suffered from this disease. For the effective management of TN, fundamental...
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A Korean nationwide investigation of the national trend of complex regional pain syndrome vis-à-vis age-structural transformations

Lee JH, Park S, Kim JH

Background: The present study employed National Health Insurance Data to explore complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) updated epidemiology in a Korean context. Methods: A CRPS cohort for the period 2009-2016 was...
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Chocolate consumption and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the Korean adult population: an analysis based on the 2014-2016 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Kim N, Jeon MS

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have reported chocolate consumption has beneficial effects on blood pressure, obesity, and dyslipidemia, which are components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, evidence regarding these relationships in Asia...
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Methods for Evaluating the Accuracy of Diagnostic Tests

Lim CY

The accuracy of a diagnostic test should be evaluated before it is used in clinical situations. The sensitivity, specificity, and the trade-off between the 2 need to be considered. Sensitivity...
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The BRAIN-Q, a tool for assessing self-reported sport-related concussions for epidemiological studies

James L, Davies M, Mian S, Seghezzo G, Williamson E, Kemp S, Arden N, McElvenny D, Pearce N, Gallo V

OBJECTIVES: The BRAIN-Q is a tool aimed at maximising the accuracy and minimising measurement error for retrospectively assessing concussions. This paper reports the agreement of the BRAIN-Q tool when compared...
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Bacillus of Calmette and Guérin (BCG) and the risk of leprosy in Ciudad del Este, Paraguay, 2016-2017

Cuevas NC, Cardenas VM

OBJECTIVES: Paraguay has experienced a 35% reduction in the detected incidence of leprosy during the last ten years, as the vaccination coverage against tuberculosis (Bacillus of Calmette and Guérin [BCG]...
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Effects of Systemic Glucocorticoid Use on Fracture Risk: A Population-Based Study

Koh JW, Kim J, Cho H, Ha YC, Kim TY, Lee YK, Kim HY, Jang S

Background: Long-term glucocorticoid use increases fracture risk by reducing bone mass. This study evaluated the relationship between hip and vertebral fractures and the total amount of systematic glucocorticoid use. Methods: We...
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Pulmonary Surfactant Replacement Therapy for Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Neonates: a Nationwide Epidemiological Study in Korea

Shin JE, Yoon SJ, Lim J, Han J, Eun HS, Park MS, Park KI, Lee SM

Background: Pulmonary surfactant (PS) replacement therapy, as a safe and effective treatment for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) may have further increased with the extended insurance coverage since 2011 in Korea....
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Causal Claims in Health Sciences and Medicine: a Difference-in-Differences Method

Kim KN

The difference-in-differences (DID) method is a useful tool to make causal claims using observational data. The key idea is to compare the difference between exposure and control groups before and...
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Pragmatic Clinical Trials for Real-World Evidence: Concept and Implementation

Jeong NY, Kim SH, Lim E, Choi NK

The importance of real-world evidence (RWE) has been highlighted in recent years, and the limitations of the classical randomized controlled trials, also known as explanatory clinical trials (ECTs), have been...
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Competing Risk Model in Survival Analysis

Jeon Y, Lee WK

Survival analysis is primarily used to identify the time-to-event for events of interest. However, there subjects may undergo several outcomes; competing risks occur when other events may affect the incidence...
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