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Determination of Colistin Resistance by Simple Disk Diffusion Test Using Modified Mueller-Hinton Agar

Uwizeyimana JD, Kim D, Lee H, Byun JH, Yong D

BACKGROUND: Colistin has become a last-resort antibiotic for the management of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria. The disk diffusion test is cheap and easy to perform but may be unreliable for colistin...
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Molecular epidemiology and characterization of Streptococcus mutans strains in Korea

Kim SY, Bae IK, Lee JH, Shin JH, Kim JB

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the characteristics of Streptococcus mutans in the national culture collection from Korea. Twenty-nine (dental plaque, n=27; endodontic infections, n=1; blood, n=1) isolates were included in this study. METHODS:...
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The Clinical Efficacy of Pulmonary Hypertension-Specific Agents in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials

Lee J, Song JU

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and is associated with poor outcomes. This study was performed to determine the clinical efficacy of PH-specific...
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Thyroid-Associated Orbitopathy: Evaluating Microstructural Changes of Extraocular Muscles and Optic Nerves Using Readout-Segmented Echo-Planar Imaging-Based Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Chen HH, Hu H, Chen W, Cui D, Xu XQ, Wu FY, Yang T

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the ability of readout-segmented echo-planar imaging (rs-EPI)-based diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in assessing the microstructural change of extraocular muscles (EOMs) and optic nerves in patients...
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Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Spine

Yoon YC

In this study, we evaluated the technical characteristics and usefulness of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for discrimination between benign and malignant vertebral fractures, for detection and differentiation of multiple myeloma...
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Feasibility of Simultaneous Multislice Acceleration Technique in Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Rectum

Park JH, Seo N, Lim JS, Hahm J, Kim MJ

OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of simultaneous multislice-accelerated diffusion-weighted imaging (SMS-DWI) of the rectum in comparison with conventional DWI (C-DWI) in rectal cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 65...
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Bioactive Compound Produced by Endophytic Fungi Isolated From Pelargonium sidoides Against Selected Bacteria of Clinical Importance

Manganyi M, Tchatchouang CDK, Regnier T, Bezuidenhout CC, Ateba CN

Endophytic fungi have the ability to live inside the host plant tissues without causing neither symptoms of diseases/or harm. Opportunistic infections are accountable for majority of the outbreaks, thereby putting...
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Assessment of solid components of borderline ovarian tumor and stage I carcinoma: added value of combined diffusion- and perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging

Kim SH

BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the value of combining diffusion-weighted (DW) and perfusion-weighted (PW) sequences with a conventional magnetic resonance (MR) sequence to assess solid components of borderline ovarian tumors...
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Bone Involvement of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) Showing Unusual Manifestations Mimicking Chronic Osteomyelitis in a 58-Year-Old Man: Case Report and Clinical Application of Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Lee KR, Maeng YH

This study presents a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in a 58-year-old man showing unusual manifestations mimicking chronic osteomyelitis. In this case review, we describe the imaging...
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An MRI-Based Quantification for Correlation of Imaging Biomarker and Clinical Performance in Chronic Phase of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Lee A, Hwang JS, Bae WK, Park JS, Goo DE, Park ST

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the relation between quantitative magnetic resonance imaging biomarkers, and clinical performances in chronic phase of carbon monoxide intoxication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen...
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The Role of Double Inversion Recovery Imaging in Acute Ischemic Stroke

Choi NY, Park S, Lee CM, Ryu CW, Jahng GH

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate if double inversion recovery (DIR) imaging can have a role in the evaluation of brain ischemia, compared with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)...
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Serotyping and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Salmonella Isolated in Korea in 2015

Kim SH, Park EH, Hwang IY, Lee H, Song SA, Lee M, Lee S, Kim SY, Kim JJ, Shin JH, Hong SG, Shin KS, Kim S, Ryoo NH, Lee W, Jang SJ, Shin JH

BACKGROUND: Salmonella is an important pathogen that causes gastroenteritis and sepsis in humans. Recently, changes in serotype prevalence and an increase in antimicrobial resistance have been reported. This study investigated...
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A Case Report of Extramedullary Myeloma Mimicking Lymphoma with Extensive Abdominal Involvement

Moon J, Hwang JA, Shin HC, Kim SS, Lee JH, Lee JE, Choi SY, Lee MY

Extramedullary myeloma refers to the presence of myeloma deposits outside the skeletal system and typically indicates a poor prognosis associated with shorter overall survival and progression- free survival. We report...
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Delayed Extensive White Matter Injury Caused by a Subdural Hemorrhage and Role of Corticospinal Tract Integrity

Lee KB, Yoon SC, Kim JS, Hong BY, Park JG, Sung WJ, Park HJ, Lim SH

A subdural hemorrhage (SDH) is a common disorder with usually good prognosis. Most SDHs resolve with or without with minimal sequelae. We present a case report of a patient with...
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Advanced Sectioned Images of a Cadaver Head with Voxel Size of 0.04 mm

Chung BS, Han M, Har D, Park JS

BACKGROUND: The sectioned images of a cadaver head made from the Visible Korean project have been used for research and educational purposes. However, the image resolution is insufficient to observe...
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Quantitative Predictive Imaging Biomarkers of Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Degeneration

Vadapalli , Mulukutla , Vadapalli , Vedula RR

STUDY DESIGN: Observational comparative study. PURPOSE: To compare fractional anisotropy (FA) maps with T2 values of the nucleus pulposus (NP) and annulus fibrosus (AF) of intervertebral discs in healthy volunteers and...
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Fully Automatic Segmentation of Acute Ischemic Lesions on Diffusion-Weighted Imaging Using Convolutional Neural Networks: Comparison with Conventional Algorithms

Woo I, Lee A, Jung SC, Lee H, Kim N, Cho SJ, Kim D, Lee J, Sunwoo L, Kang DW

OBJECTIVE: To develop algorithms using convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for automatic segmentation of acute ischemic lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and compare them with conventional algorithms, including a thresholding-based segmentation. MATERIALS...
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Analysis of Apparent Diffusion Coefficients of the Brain in Healthy Controls: A Comparison Study between Single-Shot Echo-Planar Imaging and Read-out-Segmented Echo-Planar Imaging

Choi Y, Hwang EJ, Nam Y, Choi HS, Jang J, Jung SL, Ahn KJ, Kim BS

OBJECTIVE: To compare apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) of brain segments by using two diffusion-weighted imaging acquisition modes, single-shot echo-planar imaging (ss-EPI) and read-out-segmented echo-planar imaging (rs-EPI), and to assess their...
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Imaging Features and Pathologic Correlation of Papillary Meningioma: A Case Report

Kim HY, Yu IK, Kim SM

Papillary meningioma is rare meningeal tumors and is associated with aggressive clinical behavior as compared with other meningiomas. We report a case of papillary meningioma in a 50-year-old woman presented...
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Pharmacokinetics of cisplatin during open and minimally-invasive secondary cytoreductive surgery plus HIPEC in women with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer: a prospective study

Petrillo M, Zucchetti , Cianci S, Morosi L, Ronsini C, Colombo A, D'Incalci , Scambia G, Fagotti A

OBJECTIVE: Evidences from animal models seem to suggest that minimally invasive surgery may enhance cisplatin diffusion when the drug is administered in the context of post-operative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC)....
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