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Trends in Hyperglycemic Crisis Hospitalizations and in- and out-of-Hospital Mortality in the Last Decade Based on Korean National Health Insurance Claims Data

You JH, Song SO, Park SH, Park KH, Nam JY, Kim DW, Kim HM, Kim DJ, Lee YH, Lee BW

BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemic crisis is a metabolic emergency associated with diabetes mellitus. However, accurate epidemiologic information on cases of hyperglycemic crisis in Korea remains scarce. We evaluated trends in hyperglycemic crisis...
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Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for People with Type 1 Diabetes

Kim CH, Moon JS

Althowgh intensive insulin regimen is the main treatment in people with type 1 diabetes, glucose variability and weight gain remain as challenges for this treatment. Sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) inhibitors (including...
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Two cases of ketosis-prone diabetes mellitus in Korean adolescents

Hwang WB, Kim JH, Cho SM

In recent years, reports of diabetes mellitus (DM) cases that do not fit the traditional classification system have increased in prevalence. While insulin deficiency appears as type 1 DM (T1DM),...
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Successful switching from insulin to sulfonylurea in a 3-month-old infant with diabetes due to p.G53D mutation in KCNJ11

Yoon JS, Park KJ, Sohn YB, Lee HS, Hwang JS

Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus is most commonly caused by mutations in the ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP) subunits. Prompt initiation of sulfonylurea treatment can improve glycemic control in children with KCNJ11...
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Pneumomediastinum after Forceful Vomiting in a Patient with Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Kim DH, Yu TY, Cho CG

No abstract available.
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Respiratory failure in a diabetic ketoacidosis patient with severe hypophosphatemia

Choi HS, Kwon A, Chae HW, Suh J, Kim DH, Kim HS

Phosphate is essential in regulating human metabolic processes, and severe hypophosphatemia can induce neurologic and hematological complications and result in respiratory failure and cardiac dysfunction. Therefore, correction of severe hypophosphatemia...
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Diabetic Ketoacidosis Following Colonoscopy in Fulminant Type 1 Diabetes: A Case Report

Choi DH, Kim BY, Jung CH, Kim CH, Kang SK, Mok JO

Fulminant type 1 diabetes is a distinct subtype of type 1 diabetes mellitus that is characterized by sudden, complete destruction of pancreatic beta cells at the disease onset. Since the...
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Concurrence of Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Acute Ischemic Stroke due to Moyamoya Disease

Lee H, Lee J, Kim S, Oh MS, Han KH, Kang KS, Kim S

Although the etiology of moyamoya disease (MMD) remains unknown, autoimmunity is one of the proposed pathogeneses. Unlike other autoimmune disorders that are associated with cerebral arteritis, concurrence of MMD and...
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Rhabdomyolysis and diabetic ketoacidosis after bee sting: A case report

Shin SH, Bae SH, Jung HJ, Lee SA, Kim SW, Chang HH, Park HK, Lee JM, Kim S

Bee stings result in diverse clinical manifestations from localized pain, rash to life-threatening systemic allergic reactions or toxic reactions. Toxic reactions include skin necrosis, pancreatitis, acute renal failure, hemolysis or...
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Effective Management of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Cho DH

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is serious complication of diabetes mellitus that requires prompt recognition, diagnosis and treatment. It is characterized by a triad of uncontrolled hyperglycemia, metabolic acidosis, and increased total...
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Short-term Effect of Ambient Air Pollution on Emergency Department Visits for Diabetic Coma in Seoul, Korea

Kim H, Kim W, Choi JE, Kim C, Sohn J

OBJECTIVES: A positive association between air pollution and both the incidence and prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) has been reported in some epidemiologic and animal studies, but little research has...
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Clinical and Laboratory Characteristics of Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Single-Center Study

Choi IH, Kim MS, Hwang PH, Lee DY

BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an acute complication of pediatric type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). We aimed to determine the risk factors and clinical characteristics of children and adolescents with...
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Factors Associated with C-peptide Levels after Diagnosis in Children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Hwang JW, Kim MS, Lee DY

C-peptide is the best indicator of endogenous insulin secretion in patients with diabetes. This study investigated the relationship between C-peptide levels and clinical/laboratory parameters of children with type 1 diabetes...
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A Case of Fulminant Type 1 Diabetes in a Patient with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Kim JM, Han JH, Joung KH, Lee JH, Kim HJ, Ku BJ

Fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus is a recently identified subtype of type 1 diabetes characterized by abrupt disease onset, a very short (
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Predetermined Anti-Diabetic Drug Regimen Adjustments during Ramadan Fasting: An Observational Study of Safety

Beano AM, Zmaili MA, Gheith ZH, Naser AM, Momani MS, Yousef AM, Zayed AA

BACKGROUND: Many Muslim type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients choose to fast the month of Ramadan despite the possible adverse health effects brought about by the change in dietary habits,...
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Fulminant Type 1 Diabetes Developing during Pregnancy in Patient with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Baek JH, Kim KY, Kim SK, Jung JH, Hahm JR, Jung J

A 32-year-old pregnant woman (34 + 5 weeks) was admitted with dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. Previously, she was diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus at 28 weeks with 100 g-OGTT and...
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Factors Associated with the Presence and Severity of Diabetic Ketoacidosis at Diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes in Korean Children and Adolescents

Lee HJ, Yu HW, Jung HW, Lee YA, Kim JH, Chung HR, Yoo J, Kim E, Yu J, Shin CH, Yang SW, Lee SY

The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for presence and severity of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at the onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in Korean...
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Efficacy of Initial Lactate and Lactate Clearance by Emergency Department Treatment in Diabetic Ketoacidosis Patients

Joo YW, Lee DW, Kim JW, Park SH, Lee JW, Moon HJ, Choi JH, Lee HJ, Jung YH, Kim HS, Jun DH

PURPOSE: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a fatal complication caused by unregulated diabetes. Lactate is used as a prognostic indicator for a range of serious illnesses and its level is higher...
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Assessment of Competence in Emergency Medicine among Healthcare Professionals in Cameroon

Kim SC, Ro YS, Shin SD, Wi DH, Jeong J, Park JO, Sun KM, Bae K

Development of a competence-based curriculum is important. This study aimed to develop competence assessment tools in emergency medicine and use it to assess competence of Cameroonian healthcare professionals. This was...
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SGLT2 Inhibitors and Ketoacidosis: Pathophysiology and Management

Ku YH

Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors are antidiabetic drugs that increase urinary glucose excretion by inhibiting proximal tubular reabsorption of glucose in the kidney. Some sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors have been shown...
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