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Intranasal Administration of Oxytocin Attenuates Stress Responses Following Chronic Complicated Stress in Rats

Yang Y, Yu H, Babygirija R, Shi B, Sun W, Zheng X, Zheng J

  • KMID: 2460490
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2019 Oct;25(4):611-622.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm19065
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms may develop when we fail to adapt to various stressors of our daily life. Central oxytocin (OXT) can counteract the biological actions of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF),...
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Dried Blood Spot Multiplexed Steroid Profiling Using Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry in Korean Neonates

Choi R, Park HD, Oh HJ, Lee K, Song J, Lee SY

BACKGROUND: Screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) using immunoassays for 17α-hydroxyprogesterone generates many false-positive results. We developed and validated a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) assay for simultaneous quantification of...
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From Gut to Brain: Alteration in Inflammation Markers in the Brain of Dextran Sodium Sulfate-induced Colitis Model Mice

Do J, Woo J

OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychiatric manifestations like depression and cognitive dysfunction commonly occur in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In the context of the brain-gut axis model, colitis can lead to alteration of brain...
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Alterations in Spontaneous Movement, Corticosterone, and Cytokines in Mice Exposed to 835 MHz Radiofrequency Radiation

Lee MS, Oh CS, Ryu JH, Lee JK, Kim MJ

Although commercialization of mobile phones has raised much concerns about the effects of radiofrequency radiation on the human body, few experimental studies have been conducted on the effects of radiofrequency...
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Metabolomics Approach to Explore the Effects of Rebamipide on Inflammatory Arthritis Using Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography/Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

Moon SJ, Lee SH, Jung BH, Min JK

OBJECTIVE: Rebampide is a gastroprotective agent used to treat gastritis. It possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritis effects, but the mechanisms of these effects are not well understood. The objective of this...
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Protein Kinase C Mediates the Corticosterone-induced Sensitization of Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons Innervating the Rat Stomach

Li M, Xue L, Zhu HY, Wang H, Xu X, Zhang PA, Wu G, Xu GY

  • KMID: 2387838
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2017 Jul;23(3):464-476.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm16161
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastric hypersensitivity contributes to abdominal pain in patients with functional dyspepsia. Recent studies showed that hormones induced by stress are correlated with visceral hypersensitivity. However, the precise mechanisms underlying...
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Chronic Early-life Stress in Rat Pups Alters Basal Corticosterone, Intestinal Permeability, and Fecal Microbiota at Weaning: Influence of Sex

Moussaoui , Jacobs JP, Larauche M, Biraud M, Million M, Mayer E, Taché Y

  • KMID: 2367465
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2017 Jan;23(1):135-143.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm16105
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Wistar rat dams exposed to limited nesting stress (LNS) from post-natal days (PND) 2 to 10 display erratic maternal behavior, and their pups show delayed maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal...
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Chronic Nonmodulated Microwave Radiations in Mice Produce Anxiety-like and Depression-like Behaviours and Calcium- and NO-related Biochemical Changes in the Brain

Kumar M, Singh SP, Chaturvedi CM

The present study was aimed to investigate behavioural and biochemical effects of chronic exposure of amplitude modulated and non-modulated microwave radiation on laboratory mice. Chronic microwave exposures were executed with...
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Effect of Sleep Deprivation on the Male Reproductive System in Rats

Choi JH, Lee SH, Bae JH, Shim JS, Park HS, Kim YS, Shin C

There has been no study reporting on the influence of sleep deprivation on the male reproductive system including sperm quality. In this study, we hypothesized that sleep deprivation could lead...
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Dai-Kenchu-To, a Herbal Medicine, Attenuates Colorectal Distention-induced Visceromotor Responses in Rats

Nakaya K, Nagura Y, Hasegawa R, Ito H, Fukudo S

  • KMID: 2433462
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2016 Oct;22(4):686-693.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm15190
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dai-kenchu-to (DKT), a traditional Japanese herbal medicine, is known to increase gastrointestinal motility and improve ileal function. We tested our hypotheses that (1) pretreatment with DKT would block the...
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7,8-Dihydroxyflavone, a Tropomyosin-Kinase Related Receptor B Agonist, Produces Fast-Onset Antidepressant-Like Effects in Rats Exposed to Chronic Mild Stress

Chang HA, Wang YH, Tung CS, Yeh CB, Liu YP

OBJECTIVE: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its specific receptor, tropomyosin-related kinase (TrkB), play important roles in treating depression. In this experiment, we examined whether 7,8-dihydroxyflavone, a novel potent TrkB agonist,...
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Effect of pertussis toxin pretreated centrally on blood glucose level induced by stress

Suh HW, Sim YB, Park SH, Sharma N, Im HJ, Hong JS

In the present study, we examined the effect of pertussis toxin (PTX) administered centrally in a variety of stress-induced blood glucose level. Mice were exposed to stress after the pretreatment...
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Physical Exercise Counteracts Stress-induced Upregulation of Melanin-concentrating Hormone in the Brain and Stress-induced Persisting Anxiety-like Behaviors

Kim TK, Han PL

Chronic stress induces anxiety disorders, whereas physical exercise is believed to help people with clinical anxiety. In the present study, we investigated the mechanisms underlying stress-induced anxiety and its counteraction...
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Voluntary stand-up physical activity enhances endurance exercise capacity in rats

Seo DY, Lee SR, Kwak HB, Seo KW, McGregor R, Yeo JY, Ko TH, Bolorerdene S, Kim N, Ko KS, Rhee BD, Han J

Involuntary physical activity induced by the avoidance of electrical shock leads to improved endurance exercise capacity in animals. However, it remains unknown whether voluntary stand-up physical activity (SPA) without forced...
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Chronic stress accelerates ligature-induced periodontitis by suppressing glucocorticoid receptor-α signaling

Lu H, Xu M, Wang F, Liu S, Gu J, Lin S, Zhao L

Periodontitis is a common chronic inflammatory disease. Recent studies have shown that chronic stress (CS) might modulate periodontal disease, but there are few models of CS-induced periodontitis, and the underlying...
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Effect of Beta-Asarone on Impairment of Spatial Working Memory and Apoptosis in the Hippocampus of Rats Exposed to Chronic Corticosterone Administration

Lee B, Sur B, Cho SG, Yeom M, Shim I, Lee H, Hahm DH

beta-asarone (BAS) is an active component of Acori graminei rhizoma, a traditional medicine used clinically in treating dementia and chronic stress in Korea. However, the cognitive effects of BAS and...
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A case of 17 alpha-hydroxylase deficiency

Kim SM, Rhee JH

17alpha-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase are enzymes encoded by the CYP17A1 gene and are required for the synthesis of sex steroids and cortisol. In 17alpha-hydroxylase deficiency, there are low blood levels of...
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Effect of Sulfonylureas Administered Centrally on the Blood Glucose Level in Immobilization Stress Model

Sharma N, Sim YB, Park SH, Lim SM, Kim SS, Jung JS, Hong JS, Suh HW

Sulfonylureas are widely used as an antidiabetic drug. In the present study, the effects of sulfonylurea administered supraspinally on immobilization stress-induced blood glucose level were studied in ICR mice. Mice...
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Intracerebroventricular Kainic Acid-Induced Damage Affects Blood Glucose Level in d-glucose-fed Mouse Model

Kim CH, Hong JS

We have previously reported that the intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of kainic acid (KA) results in significant neuronal damage on the hippocampal CA3 region. In this study, we examined possible changes...
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Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation Exposure on Stress-Related Behaviors and Stress Hormones in Male Wistar Rats

Mahdavi SM, Sahraei H, Yaghmaei P, Tavakoli H

Studies have demonstrated that electromagnetic waves, as the one of the most important physical factors, may alter cognitive and non-cognitive behaviors, depending on the frequency and energy. Moreover, non-ionizing radiation...
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