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Assessment of Quality of Life for Scheuermann’s Kyphosis Patients with Cobb’s Angle 50°–65° Treated Conservatively or Surgically in North Jordan: A Prospective Comparative Study

Audat ZA, Kheirallah KA, Ababneh BF, Aljamal HZ, Alsulaiman JW, Bataineh YS, Algharibeh MM, Audat AZ

Background: Scheuermann’s disease is the most common cause of hyperkyphosis of the thoracic spine during the adolescence period. It causes neck and lower back pain, restriction of lung expansion, traction...
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Investigation of the efficacy and safety of ultrasoundstandardized autologous blood injection as treatment for lateral epicondylitis

Braaksma C, Otte J, Wessel RN, Wolterbeek N

Background: There are various conservative treatment options for lateral epicondylitis (LE). The aim is to evaluate pain, daily functioning, and complications after ultrasound-standardized autologous blood injections in patients with LE....
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Indications for Nonsurgical Treatment of Thoracolumbar Spine Fractures: WFNS Spine Committee Recommendations

Peev N, Zileli M, Sharif S, Arif S, Brady Z

Thoracolumbar spine is the most injured spinal region in blunt trauma. Literature on the indications for nonoperative treatment of thoracolumbar fractures is conflicting. The purpose of this systematic review is...
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Bone Healing in Adolescents with Bilateral L5 Spondylolysis with and without Preexisting Contralateral Terminal Spondylolysis

Eto F, Tatsumura M, Gamada H, Okuwaki S, Koda M, Yamazaki M

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Purpose: To examine bone healing with conservative treatment in cases of adolescent bilateral L5 spondylolysis. Overview of Literature: We classified bilateral L5 spondylolysis, which is the most...
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Diagnosis and conservative treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Yang JH, Chang DG, Suh SW

Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) has a diagnosis rate of 3% to 5% per year, but the number of cases requiring surgical treatments is very small, accounting for only 0.17%...
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Fertility-sparing surgery for women with stage I cervical cancer of 4 cm or larger: a systematic review

Donato VD, Caruso G, Sassu CM, Santangelo G, Bogani G, Plotti F, Sorbi F, Perniola G, Palaia I, Terrin G, Angioli R, Panici PB, Muzii L

Objective To investigate current evidence on oncological, fertility and obstetric outcomes of patients with stage I cervical cancer of 4 cm or larger undergoing fertility-sparing surgery (FSS). Methods Systematic review of studies including...
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Successful Treatment of a Large Coccygeal Pressure Ulcer Using Injectable Acellular Dermal Matrix: A Case Report

Kim M, Jeon S, Kim SW

Pressure sores are common but troublesome for both patients and clinicians. They can range from mild to severe and must be managed accordingly. Despite advancements in both non-surgical and surgical...
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Two case reports of pneumatosis intestinalis in patients with cancer: is surgical management mandatory?

Yeo IH, Kim YJ

Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) can be classified into two groups. Primary PI is idiopathic, and patients can recover spontaneously. In contrast, secondary PI is considered fatal due to the high mortality...
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Fertility-preserving treatment outcome in endometrial cancer or atypical hyperplasia patients with polycystic ovary syndrome

Wang L, Luo X, Wang Q, Lv Q, Wu P, Liu W, Chen X

Objective This study aimed to investigate the impact of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) on fertility-sparing treatment in young patients with atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) or endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC). Methods A total of...
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Can Conventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Substitute Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis of Lumbar Foraminal Stenosis?

Hasib MM, Yamada K, Hoshino M, Yamada E, Tamai K, Takahashi S, Suzuki A, Toyoda H, Terai H, Nakamura H

Study Design: Retrospective radiological comparative design. Purpose: To investigate whether conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could substitute three-dimensional (3D)-MRI for the calculation of the foraminal stenotic ratio (FSR) and clarification of...
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Characteristics of progestin-insensitive early stage endometrial cancer and atypical hyperplasia patients receiving second-line fertility-sparing treatment

Zhou S, Xu Z, Yang B, Guan J, Shan W, Shi Y, Chen X

Objective This study investigated the characteristics of progestin-insensitive endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) and atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) patients receiving fertility-sparing treatments and assessed the therapeutic effects of second-line fertility-preserving treatments. Methods Three hundred...
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The Vestibuloplasty Using Non-eugenolbased Non-zinc Oxide Oral Dressing Material

Ku JK, Leem DH

This study describes a patient with insufficient vestibular depth who was operated with a vestibuloplasty using a non-eugenol-based non-zinc oxide oral dressing material. Partial thickness flap was elevated on recipient....
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Conservative Management of Retained Placenta Accreta Postpartum

Joo EH, Ko JE, Lee Hl, Kim HC, Kim YR

Retained placenta accreta is difficult to diagnose in the series of processes involved in parturition. It is usually discovered after delivery, when massive and uncontrollable postpartum hemorrhage occurs. A histological...
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Correlation of the Deformation of the Kyphotic Angle with the Fat Infiltration Rate of Multifidus and Erector Spinae in Patients with Acute Osteoporotic Fractures of the Lumbar Spine

Jun DS, Baik JM, Baek SH

Purpose: Verifying a reliable predictor of the progression of vertebral deformity in patients with acute osteoporotic fractures of the lumbar spine may be useful. A qualitative analysis of the muscle...
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Predictive factors for conservative treatment failure of right colonic diverticulitis

Park YY, Nam S, Han JH, Lee J, Cheong C

Purpose: Conservative treatment is the first-line therapy for acute colonic diverticulitis without severe complications, but treatment failure may increase hospitalization duration, medical costs, and morbidities. Usage of the modified Hinchey...
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A Comparative Study between Conservative and Surgical Treatments of Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Injury of the Wrist with Distal Radius Fractures

Background: Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) injury is common in distal radius fractures. The purpose of this study was to compare the conservative and surgical treatments of TFCC injury of the...
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Evidence-based treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture

Lee S, Cho DC, Kim KT, Lee YS

The prevalence and medical costs of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) are on the rise. However, a concrete evidence-based treatment guideline has not yet been established. Despite that numerous randomized...
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Antithrombotic therapy has no beneficial effect in conservative treatment of spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric arterial dissection

Yoo YS, Choi SJN, Lee HK

Purpose: Initial conservative treatment with selective endovascular or surgical intervention has shown successful outcomes in the treatment of spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection (SISMAD). However, the benefits of antithrombotic...
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Adult Trauma Patients with Isolated Thoracolumbar Spinous and Transverse Process Fractures May be Managed Conservatively to Improve Emergency Department Throughput

Awad K, Spencer D, Ramakrishnan D, Pejinovska M, Grigorian A, Schubl S, Nahmias J

Purpose: Traumatic vertebral injuries have a prevalence of 4–5% at level I centers. Studies have demonstrated that isolated thoracolumbar transverse process fractures (iTPF) rarely require brace or surgical interventions. We...
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Long-term outcomes of initially conservatively treated midshaft clavicle fractures

Lee GB, Kim H, Jeon IH, Koh KH

Background: Recent studies about completely displaced midshaft clavicle fractures have reported that their nonunion/malunion rates were significantly higher in conservatively treated patients compared to surgically treated patients. The purpose of...
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