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Midazolam use in pediatric dentistry: a review

Jain SA, Rathi N, Thosar N, Baliga S

Behaviour management and dental procedures performed in very young, pre-cooperative, highly anxious, or medically disabled children are challenging tasks. Various drugs and methods have, however, been introduced to facilitate treatment...
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Adverse events of conscious sedation using midazolam for gastrointestinal endoscopy

Jun J, Han JI, Choi AL, Kim YJ, Lee JW, Kim DY, Lee M

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to identify the types and incidence of adverse events associated with midazolam, which is the most widely used drug to induce conscious sedation during gastrointestinal...
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Snoring during Bronchoscopy with Moderate Sedation Is a Predictor of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Cho J, Choi SM, Park YS, Lee CH, Lee SM, Lee J

BACKGROUND: Snoring is the cardinal symptom of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Snoring and upper airway obstruction associated with major oxygen desaturation may occur in populations undergoing flexible bronchoscopy. METHODS: To evaluate...
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Dexmedetomidine: present and future directions

Lee S

Dexmedetomidine is a potent, highly selective α-2 adrenoceptor agonist, with sedative, analgesic, anxiolytic, sympatholytic, and opioid-sparing properties. Dexmedetomidine induces a unique sedative response, which shows an easy transition from sleep...
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Propofol with and without Midazolam for Diagnostic Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopies in Children

Akbulut UE, Kartal S, Dogan U, Akcali GE, Kalayci S, Kirci H

PURPOSE: Various publications on the use of sedation and anesthesia for diagnostic procedures in children have demonstrated that no ideal agent is available. Although propofol has been widely used for...
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Fatal pulmonary aspiration during balanced sedation with dexmedetomidine and midazolam: A case report

Park JH, Kim SY, Kwon MA

Recently, balanced sedation has commonly been used during procedural sedation. Dexmedetomidine is known for its relative safety to cause “conscious sedation” with little respiratory depression but has some limitations such...
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Influence of Anesthesia Type on Outcomes after Endovascular Treatment in Acute Ischemic Stroke: Meta-Analysis

Kim C, Kim SE, Jeon JP

PURPOSE: To assess clinical and angiographic outcomes after endovascular treatment (EVT) in ischemic stroke patients according to anesthesia types (general anesthesia vs. conscious sedation). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature...
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Procedural sedation and analgesia in pediatric emergency department

Kim DK

The frequency of procedures in the emergency department has increased with changes in the medical environment and the demands of the times. Especially in children, sedation and analgesia are often...
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Feasibility, Safety, and Follow-up Angiographic Results of Endovascular Treatment for Non-Selected Ruptured Intracranial Aneurysms Under Local Anesthesia with Conscious Sedation

Kang J, Kang CH, Roh J, Yeom JA, Shim DH, Kim YS, Lee SW, Kim YS, Park KH, Kim CH, Kim SK, Choi NC, Kwon OY, Kang H, Baik SK

BACKGROUND: At most centers, general anesthesia (GA) has been preferred for endovascular treatment (EVT) of ruptured intracranial aneurysms (RIAs). In this study, we analyzed procedural results, clinical outcomes, and follow-up...
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Awake fiberoptic nasotracheal intubation for patients with difficult airway

Tsukamoto , Hitosugi T, Yokoyama T

Awake fiberoptic nasotracheal intubation is a useful technique, especially in patients with airway obstruction. It must not only provide sufficient anesthesia, but also maintain spontaneous breathing. We introduce a method...
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Analysis of Factors that Affect the Follow-up Pattern after Dental Treatment under Conscious Sedation in Children

Hwang I, Mah Y

Children need regularly dental check-ups after dental treatment because there are a lot of changes of oral conditions such as tooth exfoliation and eruption, occlusion, and recurrence of dental caries....
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The Changes of Sedation in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Yonsei University Dental Hospital

Lee K, Song JS, Kim SO, Lee J, Choi B, Choi HJ

Sedation is a useful behavior management technique for dental patients who may be uncontrollable or have medical problems. The aim of this study is to investigate the changes in patterns...
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Complications caused by nitrous oxide in dental sedation

Chi SI

The first clinical application of nitrous oxide (Nâ‚‚O) was in 1844, by an American dentist named Horace Wells who used it to control pain during tooth extraction. Since then, Nâ‚‚O...
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A Comparison of Sedation with Ketamine-Midazolam versus Ketamine-Propofol for the Lumbar Puncture in Children

Ko YR, Jeon W, Kwak JR, Lee JS

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to compare the safety and effectiveness of intravenous ketamine-midazolam (KM) and ketamine-propofol (KP) combination for the lumbar puncture (LP) procedure in children. METHODS: This was a...
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A Retrospective Statistical Study on Sedation Cases in Department of Pediatric Dentistry at Dankook University Dental Hospital for 5 Years

Park C, Shin J, Kim J, Kim J

Recently, sedation is routinely used in children who lacked cooperation in pediatric dental clinics. The purpose of this study is to analyze dental treatment cases in department of pediatric dentistry...
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Administration order of midazolam/fentanyl for moderate dental sedation

Lobb D, Clarke A, Lai H

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of administration order when a sedative drug (midazolam) and an opioid analgesic drug (fentanyl) is applied for moderate intravenous...
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Beneficial aspect of dexmedetomidine as a postoperative sedative for cardiac surgery

Kim S, Kim KM, Lee S, Yoo BH, Kim S, Park SJ, Lee J, Chung E

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of the sedative, analgesic, and hemodynamic effects of dexmedetomidine and midazolam for sedation after coronary artery bypass grafting...
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Pre-anesthetic sedative effect of dexmedetomidine in laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed under general anesthesia

Kim JW, Lee HL, Park JS, Kim JH, Ryu KH

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effects of pre-anesthetic administration of dexmedetomidine on sedative, cardiovascular, and recovery parameters. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. We selected 60 patients who...
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Comparison of sedation outcome according to the dose of chloral hydrate in children requiring laceration repair

Seo BK, Kim A, Jung HM, Kim AJ, Han SB

PURPOSE: To compare the sedation outcome according to the dose of per os chloral hydrate in children who underwent laceration repair in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: This retrospective study was...
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Sedation-related Adverse Events Associated with a Diagnostic Upper Endoscopy: A Single Center-observational Study

Lee J, Shim KN, Lee KH, Lee KE, Chang JY, Tae CH, Moon CM, Kim SE, Jung HK, Jung SA

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Appropriate sedation during endoscopy can significantly reduce the discomfort experienced by a patient when the procedure is performed; however, it is associated with several potential risks. Very few reports...
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