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Predictors of the Response to an Epidural Blood Patch in Patients with Spinal Leakage of Cerebrospinal Fluid

Kanno H, Yoshizumi , Nakazato N, Shinonaga

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: An epidural blood patch (EBP) is a highly effective therapy for spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. However, the factors predicting the response to an EBP have not...
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Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels of β-Amyloid 40 and β-Amyloid 42 are Proportionately Decreased in Amyloid Positron-Emission Tomography Negative Idiopathic Normal-Pressure Hydrocephalus Patients

Kim HJ, Lim TS, Lee SM, Kim TS, Kim Y, An YS, Youn YC, Park SA, Chang J, Moon SY

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) could be misleading in idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). We therefore investigated the CSF biomarkers in 18F-florbetaben amyloid-negative positron-emission tomography...
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Cerebrospinal Fluid CYFRA 21-1 as a Diagnostic Indicator for Leptomeningeal Metastasis in Cancer Patients

Hyun JW, Kim S, Shin HS, Yun JY, Kim SY, Kim SH, Kim JK, Jeong JH, Yoo H, Gwak HS, Kim HJ

BACKGROUND: The early and accurate diagnosis of leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) has become important because of introduction of new therapeutic strategies for LM and increasing incidence of LM along with longer...
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Utilization of the Nasoseptal Flap for Repair of Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak after Endoscopic Endonasal Approach for Resection of Pituitary Tumors

Kessler RA, Garzon-Muvdi T, Kim E, Ramanathan M, Lim M

BACKGROUND: One of the most frequent complications after endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) for resection of pituitary tumors is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. With the introduction of the pedicled nasoseptal flap,...
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Assessment of the Cerebrospinal Fluid Effect on the Chemical Exchange Saturation Transfer Map Obtained from the Full Z-Spectrum in the Elderly Human Brain

Park S, Jang J, Oh JH, Ryu CW, Jahng GH

PURPOSE: With neurodegeneration, the signal intensity of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain increases. The objective of this study was to evaluate chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) signals with...
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Cervical Cerebrospinal Fluid Leakage Concomitant with a Thoracic Spinal Intradural Arachnoid Cyst

Han S, Choi SW, Park BS, Lim JW, Kim SH, Youm JY

We encountered a very rare case of spontaneous spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage and a spinal intradural arachnoid cyst (AC) that were diagnosed at different sites in the same patient....
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A Novel Implantable Cerebrospinal Fluid Reservoir : A Pilot Study

Byun YH, Gwak HS, Kwon JW, Kim KG, Shin SH, Lee SH, Yoo H

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the safety and function of the newly developed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) reservoir called the V-Port. METHODS: The newly developed V-Port consists...
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Traumatic cerebrospinal fluid leakage following septorhinoplasty

Youssef A, Ahmed S, Ibrahim AA, Daniel M, Abdelfattah HM, Morsi H

Septoplasty/septorhinoplasty is a common ear, nose and throat procedure offered for those patients with deviated septum who are suffering from nasal obstruction and functional or cosmetic problems. Although it is...
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Cytologic Diagnosis of Metastatic Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma in Cerebrospinal Fluid: A Case Report

Shim B, Koh J, Moon JH, Park IA, Ryu HS

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a malignant soft tissue tumor which shows skeletal muscle differentiation. Leptomeningeal metastasis can occur as a late complication, but currently there are no reports that have documented the...
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The Relationships of Intraocular Pressure, Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure, and Trans-lamina Cribrosa Pressure Differences with Myopia

Nah SK, Ohn YH, Kim CY, Lee SH

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationships between myopia and the three parameters of intraocular pressure (IOP), estimated cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP), and the trans-lamina cribrosa pressure difference (TLCPD). METHODS: A total of...
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A Case of Frontoethmoidal Mucopyocele Combined with Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak and Complicated Tension Pneumocephalus after Marsupialization

Kim SH, Jung J, Mun SJ, Roh HJ

After the trauma of frontoethmoidal sinus, post-traumatic mucocele may occur. Surgical removal of the lesions rarely produces cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage and even delayed tension pneumocephalus. We experienced a case...
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Iatrogenic Development of Cerebrospinal Fluid Leakage in Diagnosing Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension

Lee CJ, Shim SM, Cho SH, Park JH, Kim YK

A 34-year-old woman came to the emergency room complaining of a severe orthostatic headache. Results of a cerebrospinal fluid tap and brain computed tomography were normal. Based on her history...
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Cerebrospinal Fluid Dynamics in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: The Role of Phase-Contrast MRI in the Differential Diagnosis of Active and Chronic Disease

Öner S, Kahraman A, Özcan C, Özdemir Z, Ünlü S, Kamışlı O, Öner Z

OBJECTIVE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease characterized by demyelinating plaques in the white matter. Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) has been proposed as a new hypothesis for the...
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Intraoperative Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak in Extradural Spinal Tumor Surgery

Ropper AE, Huang KT, Ho AL, Wong JM, Nalbach SV, Chi JH

OBJECTIVE: Patients with extradural spine tumors are at an increased risk for intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks and postoperative wound dehiscence due to radiotherapy and other comorbidities related to systemic...
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Usefulness of Inferior Turbinate Bone-Periosteal-Mucosal Composite Free Graft for Cerebrospinal Fluid Leakage

Baek K, Kim J, Moon Y, Kim CH, Yoon JH, Cho HJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic repair of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak can avoid morbidity of open approaches and has shown a favorable success rate. Free mucosal graft is a good method,...
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Liquid-Based Cytology of the Cerebrospinal Fluid in a Case of Cryptococcal Meningitis

Choi J, Kim SH

Cryptococcus neoformans is the most common microorganism found in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology and causes life-threatening infections in immunocompromised hosts. Although its cytomorphologic features in conventional smear cytology have been...
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Clinical Characteristics of Enteroviral Meningitis without Cerebrospinal Fluid Pleocytosis in Children

Kim NR, Ku JK, Lee BL

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical features and laboratory findings of enteroviral meningitis according to the presence of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis, and to investigate...
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Sphingomonas Paucimobilis: A Rare Infectious Agent Found in Cerebrospinal Fluid

Göker T, Aşık RZ, Yılmaz MB, Çelik I, Tekiner A

Sphingomonas paucimobilis (S. paucimobilis) is a gram negative bacillus. It has existed in soil, drinking water and plants. It has been isolated from distilled water tanks, respirators, and hemodialysis devices...
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Condition medium of cerebrospinal fluid and retinoic acid induces the transdifferentiation of human dental pulp stem cells into neuroglia and neural like cells

Haratizadeh S, Nazm Bojnordi M, Darabi S, Karimi N, Naghikhani M, Ghasemi Hamidabadi H, Seifi M

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contains several molecules which are essential for neurogenesis. Human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) are putatively neural crest cell-derived that can differentiate into neurons and glial cells...
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Visual and Quantitative Analysis of Cisternography for the Detection of Cerebrospinal Fluid Leakage

Choi EK, Oh JK, Park SY, Yoo I, Kim DH, Chung YA

We herein present a case of a 29-year-old man with clear rhinorrhea, which persisted for 8 years following a myringotomy. After cotton pledgets were placed in several different regions of...
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