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Cardiopulmonary Bypass Strategies to Maintain Brain Perfusion during Lung Transplantation in a Patient with Severe Hypercapnia

Sohn B, Park S, Lee HJ, Jeong JH, Choi SM, Lee SM, Seo JH, Kim YT

Herein, we report a case of lung transplantation in a patient with profound preoperative hypercapnia, focusing on the cardiopulmonary bypass strategy used for brain perfusion during the operation. We applied...
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Correlation between regional tissue perfusion saturation and lactate level during cardiopulmonary bypass

Lee YS, Kim WY, Yoo JW, Jung HD, Min TJ

BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can cause systemic hypoperfusion, which remains undetected by routine monitoring of physiological parameters. Noninvasive tissue perfusion monitoring offers a clinical benefit by detecting low systemic perfusion....
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Cardiopulmonary Bypass Priming Using Autologous Cord Blood in Neonatal Congenital Cardiac Surgery

Choi ES, Cho S, Jang WS, Kim WH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A blood transfusion is almost inevitable in neonatal cardiac surgery. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of using autologous cord blood for a cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)...
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Levosimendan Reduces Lung Injury in a Canine Model of Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Feng J, Liu H, Chen J, Wang J, Liu Z, Ge S

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the lung-protective effect of levosimendan (LS) during cardiopulmonary bypass in a canine model by determining the wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio of lung tissue, malonaldehyde (MDA)...
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Cyanide toxicity during cardiopulmonary bypass with small dose of nitroprusside: a case report

Chung KH, Park SM, Baek IC, Jang J, Hong YW, Ahn SW

Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) is an anti-hypertensive drug, commonly used to decrease the systemic vascular resistance and lower the blood pressure. When the amount of cyanide generated by the SNP exceeds...
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Newly detected patent ductus arteriosus by transesophageal echocardiography in patient who underwent cardiopulmonary bypass: A case report

Bae JY, Park HS, Cho YJ, Kim TK, Jeon Y, Hong DM

Transesophageal echocardiography is a useful device to evaluate the posterior structure of heart with an advantage of enabling clearer images, as compared to transthoracic echocardiography. With intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography, we...
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Predictive value of rotational thromboelastometry during cardiopulmonary bypass for thrombocytopenia and hypofibrinogenemia after weaning of cardiopulmonary bypass

Ji SM, Kim SH, Nam JS, Yun HJ, Choi JH, Lee EH, Choi IC

BACKGROUND: The early detection of coagulopathy helps guide decisions regarding optimal transfusion management during cardiac surgery. This study aimed to determine whether rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) analysis during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)...
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Resection of Intrapericardial Schwannoma Co-Existing with Thymic Follicular Hyperplasia through Sternotomy without Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Chung JH, Jung JS, Lee SH, Kim KT, Lee K, Lee SH

  • KMID: 2288798
  • Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.
  • 2014 Jun;47(3):298-301.
A 35-year-old man was admitted to Korea University Anam Hospital for evaluation of intermittent chest pain. Computed tomography of the chest showed enlargement of a previously identified anterior mediastinal mass...
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Efficacy and Safety of Dexmedetomidine for Postoperative Delirium in Adult Cardiac Surgery on Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Park JB, Bang SH, Chee HK, Kim JS, Lee SA, Shin JK

  • KMID: 2288788
  • Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.
  • 2014 Jun;47(3):249-254.
BACKGROUND: Delirium after cardiac surgery is associated with serious long-term negative outcomes and high costs. The aim of this study is to evaluate neurobehavioral, hemodynamic, and sedative characteristics of dexmedetomidine,...
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Outcome of inflammatory response after normothermia during cardiopulmonary bypass surgery in infants with isolated ventricular septal defect

Kim DS, Lee SI, Lee SB, Hyun MC, Cho JY, Lee YO

PURPOSE: A recent study analyzing several cytokines reported that long cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time and long aortic cross clamp (ACC) time were accompanied by enhanced postoperative inflammation, which contrasted with...
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Massive Rhabdomyolysis Following Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Kim YS, Yoon YH, Kim JT, Baek WK

  • KMID: 2115251
  • Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.
  • 2014 Apr;47(2):181-184.
Here, we report a case of massive rhabdomyolysis following an uncomplicated repair of a ventricular septal defect in a five-month-old baby. Postoperatively, the patient was hemodynamically stable but metabolic acidosis...
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Rotational thromboelastometry for diagnosing sudden hyperfibrinolysis immediately after cardiopulmonary bypass during cardiac surgery

Kim JM, Oh C, Kim JW, Jung HJ, Kim TY

No abstract available.
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Comparison of the Hemodynamic Changes following Intraaortic and Intravenous Administration of Protamine after Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Lee HC, Chin YJ, Chung CJ, Choi SR

BACKGROUND: Reversal of heparin anticoagulation by protamine often produces hemodynamic changes such as hypotension, bradycardia, decreased cardiac output and various complications as anaphylactic reaction. Some studies have reported that intraaortic...
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Effect of Preoperative Renin-Angiotensin System Antagonists on the Difference between Radial and Femoral Arterial Pressure after Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Patients Undergoing Valvular Heart Surgery

Kim DH, Kwak YL, Lee JH, Shim JK, Cha JH, Bang SO

BACKGROUND: Femoral to radial arterial pressure gradient (deltaP) often develops after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) where radial artery pressure (RAP) does not reflect the actual perfusion pressure. Renin-angiotensin system antagonists (RAS-A)...
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Cerebral Ischemia Detected by the Bispectral Index during Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A case report

Lee EH, Choi JW, Cho SJ, Sim JY, Hahm KD, Jeong YB, Choi IC

The bispectral index (BIS) has been developed as a measure for monitoring the hypnotic drug effect. EEG processing results in a BIS scale from 0 to 100, where 100 represents...
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Left Atrial Thrombi Detected by Intraoperative Transesophageal Echocardiography after Weaning from Cardiopulmonary Bypass for Aortic Valve Replacement: A case report

Kim DH, Kwak YL, Shim JK, Oh YJ, Choi YR, Bang SO

Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) during cardiac surgery is an invaluable procedure, which aids hemodynamic management as well as surgical directions. TEE adds valuable information to the assessment of cardiac structures...
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Can Peritoneal Dialysis Remove Endothelin-1 after Cardiopulmonary Bypass for Repair of Congenital Heart Disease?

Chang YH, Sung SC, Ban JE, Lee HD, Lee SH, Rhym BY

  • KMID: 1916502
  • Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.
  • 2007 Apr;40(4):247-255.
BACKGROUND: Lung injury that follows bypass has been well described. It is manifested as reduced oxygenation and lung compliance and, most importantly, increased pulmonary vascular resistance reactivity; this is a...
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Comparative Analysis of Medical Terminology Among Korea, China, and Japan in the Field of Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Kim WG

  • KMID: 2063229
  • Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.
  • 2007 Mar;40(3):159-167.
BACKGROUND: Vocabularies originating from Chinese characters constitute an important common factor in the medical terminologies used in 3 eastern Asian countries; Korea, China and Japan. This study was performed to...
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Anesthetic Management for Liver Segmentectomy and Thrombectomy of Inferior Vena Cava and Right Atrium without Cardiopulmonary Bypass : A case report

Song JH, Lee HS, Han JU, Jung JK, Kim HZ, Shinn HK

  • KMID: 1882644
  • Anesth Pain Med.
  • 2007 Oct;2(4):224-227.
The tumor thrombus of hepatocellular carcinoma extending into the right atrium (RA) via the inferior vena cava (IVC) may cause fatal complications such as heart failure and pulmonary embolism. Surgery...
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Rectal Temperature Maintenance Using a Heat Exchanger of Cardioplegic System in Cardiopulmonary Bypass Model for Rats

Choi SH, Kim HR, Paik IH, Moon HJ, Kim WG

  • KMID: 1916236
  • Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.
  • 2006 Jul;39(7):505-510.
BACKGROUND: Small animal cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) model would be a valuable tool for investigating pathophysiological and therapeutic strategies on bypass. The main advantages of a small animal model include the...
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