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Outbreaks of Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) According to the Type of Hospitals

Yun SJ, Kwon SM, Hur ES, Park SJ, Lee YH, Pyeon HS, Jeong IH

Background: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales(CRE) are increasing rapidly worldwide, posing a major threat to global health. This study aimed to identify the epidemiological characteristics of CRE isolated in Gyeonggi-do according to hospital...
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Epidemiological Characteristics of Carbapenemase Producing Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Colonization

Jeong IS, Song JY

Purpose: This study identified the epidemiological characteristics, including the size and major strains, of carbapenemase-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CP-CRE) and CP-CRE-related factors by comparing the characteristics of patients in the CP-CRE...
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Evaluation of the Xpert Carba-R Assay for Detection of Rectal Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales in a Korean Tertiary Hospital

Han J, Ha SI, Shin DP, Cha YJ, Yoo IY, Park YJ

Background: Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) have been highlighted as an urgent threat by international health authorities. Rapid detection of carbapenemase will allow implementation of infection control measures. Methods: We assessed the performance...
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The Spread of Insertion Sequences Element and Transposons in Carbapenem Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in a Hospital Setting in Southwestern Iran

Hashemizadeh Z, Hatam G, Fathi J, Aminazadeh F, Hosseini-Nave H, Hadadi M, Shakib NH, Kholdiv S, Bazargani A

Background: Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most important hospital pathogenic bacteria that cause infectious diseases. The present study aimed to determine the frequency of carbapenem resistance genes in association...
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Risk Factors for Mortality in Patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae Carbapenemaseproducing K. pneumoniae and Escherichia coli bacteremia

Seo H, Bae S, Kim MJ, Chong YP, Kim SH, Lee SO, Choi SH, Kim YS, Jung J

Background: Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing Enterobacterales bacteremia is associated with significant mortality; however, no optimal antibiotic strategy is available. We aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes according to the antibiotic...
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Comparison of the Microbiological Efficacy of Disinfection Using Ultraviolet and Hydrogen Peroxide System for Carbapenemaseproducing Enterobacteriaceae in a Healthcare Setting

Park SY, Lee JY, Kim EJ, Kwak SH, Hong MJ, Lim YJ, Kim EO, Jung J, Kim SH

Background: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of microbiological disinfection between the ultraviolet-C (UV-C) device and aerosolized hydrogen peroxide (aHP) system in a healthcare setting. Methods: Four rooms were installed...
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Evaluation of Two Commercial Kits for Rapid Detection and Typing of Carbapenemase in Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacterales

Lee S, Hur KH, Chung Y, Sung H, Kim MN

Background: Rapid detection of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) is desirable to guide antimicrobial therapy and infection control. The NG-Test Carba5 (Carba5;NG Biotech, France) rapid multiplex lateral flow immunoassay and BD MAX...
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Survival Factors among Medical Intensive Care Unit Patients with Carbapenemas-Producing Enterobacteriaceae

Choi JE, Jeon MY

Purpose: Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are associated with considerable mortality. This study was aimed to identify survival factors among medical care unit patients with CPE. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort;...
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Positivity of Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Patients Following Exposure within Long-term Care Facilities in Seoul, Korea

Park JJ, Seo YB, Lee J, Eom JS, Song W, Choi YK, Kim SR, Son HJ, Cho NH

Background: Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are emerging as a worldwide threat. Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are considered a reservoir for CPE and play a central role in transmission to acute care...
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Performance of Xpert Carba-R Assay for Identification of Carbapenemase Gene in the Clinical Microbiology Laboratory

Chung HS, Yang N, Kim Y, Lee M, Park S

Objectives: The Xpert Carba-R Assay is a diagnostic test designed for the rapid detectionand differentiation of the blaKPC, blaNDM, blaVIM, blaOXA-48, and blaIMP-1 genes. We verifiedthe performance of Xpert Carba-R...
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Prevalence of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae in Seoul, Korea

Park SH, Kim JS, Kim HS, Yu JK, Han SH, Kang MJ, Hong CK, Lee SM, Oh YH

The prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is increasing globally. However, a few studies have addressed their epidemiology in Seoul, Korea. In this study, we conducted one-year surveillance of CRE among...
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Rapid Identification of OXA-48-like, KPC, NDM, and VIM Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae From Culture: Evaluation of the RESIST-4 O.K.N.V. Multiplex Lateral Flow Assay

Song W, Park MJ, Jeong S, Shin DH, Kim JS, Kim HS, Kim HS, Lee N, Hong JS, Jeong SH

There is an urgent need for accurate and rapid diagnostic assays capable of identifying carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE). We assessed the performance of the RESIST-4 O.K.N.V. (OKNV) assay (Coris BioConcept, Gembloux,...
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Evaluation of Xpert Carba-R Assay v.2 to Detect Carbapenemase Genes in Two Hospitals in Korea

Byun JH, Kim YA, Kim M, Kim B, Choi JY, Park YS, Yong D

BACKGROUND: As the spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae poses a critical threat to public health, rapid detection of carbapenemase genes is urgently required for prompt initiation of appropriate antimicrobial therapy and...
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Epidemiological Study of an Outbreak of KPC-2-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in a Tertiary Hospital in Korea

Hong JS, Park BY, Kim D, Kim K, Lee KH, Cho NH, Jeong SH

Background: The prevalence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE), especially the KPC-2-producing Klebisella pneumoniae, is rapidly increasing and becoming a menace to global public health. This study aims to present the molecular...
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Development of a Two Triplex Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction for Rapid Detection of Six Carbapenemase Genes in Enterobacteriaceae

Choi JA, Bae SM, Kim JW, Lee KJ

Objectives Carbapenem resistance is a serious clinical and public health threat. Carbapenemase can confer carbapenem resistance, and most carbapenemase genes are plasmid encoded so resistance can easily spread. In this study,...
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Adjustment of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method Conditions for Rapid Detection of Carbapenemase-Producing Acinetobacter baumannii

Vu TN, Byun JH, D'Souza R, Pinto NA, Nguyen LP, Yong D, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: The existing modified carbapenem inactivation methods (mCIMs) recommended by the CLSI for detecting carbapenemase production have not been applicable for Acinetobacter baumannii. We evaluated the influence of matrices used...
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MCR1 and KPC2 Co-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Bacteremia: First Case in Korea

Park JY, Heo ST, Kwon KT, Song DY, Lee KJ, Choi JA

Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae (KPC-KP) has been disseminating nationwide due to clonal spread and is taking a serious action at the national level in Korea. The mobilized colistin resistance...
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Performance Evaluation of the Newly Developed BD Phoenix NMIC-500 Panel Using Clinical Isolates of Gram-Negative Bacilli

Park BY, Mourad D, Hong JS, Yoon EJ, Kim D, Lee H, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: The emergence of carbapenem resistance among gram-negative bacilli (GNB), mediated by carbapenemase production, has necessitated the development of a simple and accurate device for detecting minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs)...
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Nosocomial Outbreak Caused by NDM-5 and OXA-181 Carbapenemase Co-producing Escherichia coli

Ahn K, Hwang GY, Kim YK, Kim HY, Jeong HR, Hong JS, Uh Y

Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) is an important and increasing threat to global health. From July to September 2017, 20 inpatients at a tertiary care hospital in Korea were either colonized or...
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Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae: Rapid Laboratory Diagnosis and Surveillance Culture for Infection Control

Woo KS

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are increasing rapidly worldwide and in South Korea, which is a major problem for patient treatment and infection control. CRE is mainly due to carbapenem-hydrolyzing β-lactamase, which...
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