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Analysis of Diffuse Axonal Injury Using Diffusion Tensor Imaging in Traumatic Brain Injury Patients

Choi HJ, Kang JG, Ahn SH, Ohn SH, Jung KI, Yoo WK

  • Brain Neurorehabil.
  • 2010 Sep;3(2):111-116.
  • doi: 10.12786/bn.2010.3.2.111
Disruption of the cytoskeletal network and axonal membranes characterizes diffuse axonal injury (DAI) after traumatic brain injury. Histologic abnormalities seen in DAI hypothetically decrease the diffusion along axons and increase...
Modulation of Motor Cortical Excitability Induced by Combined Visual Attention to Guide Finger Movement

Joa KL, Park JH, Lee JJ, Kim TH, Jung HY

  • Brain Neurorehabil.
  • 2010 Sep;3(2):106-110.
  • doi: 10.12786/bn.2010.3.2.106
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of multiple sensory stimulation on cortical excitability by using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). METHOD: Thirteen right handed young adults without neurological deficit were enrolled. Cortical excitability...
Effect of Botulinum Toxin A for Upper Limb Function in Post Stroke Spastic Hemiplegia

Chung CW, Chang HJ, Ohn SH, Chang WH, Lee PK, Kim YH

  • Brain Neurorehabil.
  • 2010 Sep;3(2):99-105.
  • doi: 10.12786/bn.2010.3.2.99
OBJECTIVE: Botulinum Toxin A (BoNT-A) is one of the therapeutic methods for the spastic decrement of the upper limb which appears from the patient after stroke. Decrement of stiffness is...
Effect of Shock Wave Therapy on Upper Limb Spasticity in Chronic Stroke

Kim SH, Seok H, Kim S

  • Brain Neurorehabil.
  • 2010 Sep;3(2):94-98.
  • doi: 10.12786/bn.2010.3.2.94
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and optimal therapeutic frequency of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on upper limb spasticity in chronic stroke patients. METHOD: Total 16 patients with chronic stroke were...
The Cost of Brain Disorder: Individual and Social Cost

Kim K, Leigh J, Oh BM, Jung SH, Lee KM, Park SW, Chun MH, Jung HY, Kim IS, Kim SH, Han TR

  • Brain Neurorehabil.
  • 2010 Sep;3(2):86-93.
  • doi: 10.12786/bn.2010.3.2.86
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost of brain disorders from individual and social aspects. METHOD: This study employed two complementary methodologies for the estimation: individual survey and collective statistics. The survey recruited...
Motor Learning by Novel Therapeutic Approaches: Virtual Reality and Robotics

Park SW

  • Brain Neurorehabil.
  • 2010 Sep;3(2):77-85.
  • doi: 10.12786/bn.2010.3.2.77
Recent emphasis on motor learning approach and advances in rehabilitation engineering facilitated new development of therapeutic systems in neurorehabilitation. Virtual reality and robotic technology has been applied to provide stimulating...
Motor Imagery and Action Observation

Choi EH, Jun AY, Yoo WK

  • Brain Neurorehabil.
  • 2010 Sep;3(2):70-76.
  • doi: 10.12786/bn.2010.3.2.70
In the rehabilitation, the real executive movement has been considered the main tool for motor recovery and motor learning. Many studies reported that active exercising creates a flow of sensory...
Neural Substrates of Motor Learning

Kim DY, Joo SY, Yu SJ

  • Brain Neurorehabil.
  • 2010 Sep;3(2):64-69.
  • doi: 10.12786/bn.2010.3.2.64
Motor Learning is a relatively permanent change in the capability for skilled motor performance as a result of practice or experience. Rehabilitation is fundamentally a process of relearning. With advanced...
Motor Learning: Basic Concept and Theories

Paik NJ, Shin JH

  • Brain Neurorehabil.
  • 2010 Sep;3(2):57-63.
  • doi: 10.12786/bn.2010.3.2.57
Motor learning is defined as a relatively permanent change in the capability for skilled motor performance as a result of practice or experience. Neurorehabilitation is fundamentally a process of motor...

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