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Determination of maternal risk factors of preterm delivery: adjusted for sparse data bias; results from a population-based case-control study in Iran

Valipour M, Ayubi E, Shiravand , Moradi Y, Abbaszadeh A, Amrai F, Mokhtari S, Bahmanpour K, Mansori K

OBJECTIVE: To determine the maternal risk factors associated with preterm delivery in Iran. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted including 48 women having preterm delivery (case group) and 100 women...
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Investigating possible causes of bias in a progress test translation: an one-edged sword

Cecilio-Fernandes D, Bremers A, Collares C, Nieuwland , van der Vleuten C, Tio RA

PURPOSE: Assessment in different languages should measure the same construct. However, item characteristics, such as item flaws and content, may favor one test-taker group over another. This is known as...
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Biases in the Assessment of Left Ventricular Function by Compressed Sensing Cardiovascular Cine MRI

Yoon JH, Kim PK, Yang YJ, Park J, Choi BW, Ahn CB

PURPOSE: We investigate biases in the assessments of left ventricular function (LVF), by compressed sensing (CS)-cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cardiovascular cine images with short axis view, were...
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Discrepancies of Implicit and Explicit Self-Esteem as Predictors of Attributional Bias and Paranoia

Park YJ, Park JY, Chung KM, Song YM, Jhung K

OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to examine the association of implicit self-esteem, explicit self-esteem and their interaction with paranoia and attributional bias. The relationship of the size and the direction...
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Fragile Self and Malevolent Others: Biased Attribution Styles in Individuals at Ultra-High Risk for Psychosis

Park HY, Bang M, Kim KR, Lee E, An SK

OBJECTIVE: Biased attribution styles of assigning hostile intention to innocent others and placing the blame were found in schizophrenia. Attribution styles in individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis, however,...
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Downward bias of conductivity based point-of-care hemoglobin measurement compared with optical methods

Heo MH, Kim JH, Kim KW, Cho HJ, Choe WJ, Kim KT, Kim JY, Lee SI, Park JS, Kim JW

BACKGROUND: Point-of-care (POC) arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA) is widely used for checking hemoglobin (Hb) level. However, there is the tendency of downward bias of conductivity-based POC ABGA Hb measurement...
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Gender Issues in Medical Decisions: Implicit Stereotyping and Unconscious Bias

Nam GB

No abstract available.
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Increased risk of thyroid cancer in female residents nearby nuclear power plants in Korea: was it due to detection bias?

Kim BK, Kim JM, Kim MH, Paek DM, Hwang SS, Ha MN, Ju YS

BACKGROUND: The Korea Radiation Effect & Epidemiology Cohort - The resident cohort (KREEC-R) study concluded that there is no epidemiological or causal evidence supporting any increase in cancer risks resulting...
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Examiner seniority and experience are associated with bias when scoring communication, but not examination, skills in objective structured clinical examinations in Australia

Chong L, Taylor S, Haywood M, Adelstein , Shulruf B

PURPOSE: The biases that may influence objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scoring are well understood, and recent research has attempted to establish the magnitude of their impact. However, the influence...
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A review of methods to estimate the visibility factor for bias correction in network scale-up studies

Haghdoost , Ahmadi Gohari M, Mirzazadeh A, Zolala F, Baneshi MR

Network scale-up is an indirect size estimation method, in which participants are questioned on sensitive behaviors of their social network members. Therefore, the visibility of the behavior affects the replies...
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Assessment of risk of bias in quasi-randomized controlled trials and randomized controlled trials reported in the Korean Journal of Anesthesiology between 2010 and 2016

Kim JH, Kim TK, In J, Lee DK, Lee S, Kang H

Bias affects the true intervention effect in randomized controlled trials (RCTs), making the results unreliable. We evaluated the risk of bias (ROB) of quasi-RCTs or RCTs reported in the Korean...
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Biased G Protein-Coupled Receptor Signaling: New Player in Modulating Physiology and Pathology

Bologna Z, Teoh JP, Bayoumi AS, Tang Y, Kim IM

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are a family of cell-surface proteins that play critical roles in regulating a variety of pathophysiological processes and thus are targeted by almost a third of...
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An imputation-based method to reduce bias in model parameter estimates due to non-random censoring in oncology trials

Chae D, Park K

In oncology trials, patients are withdrawn from study at the time when progressive disease (PD) is diagnosed, which is defined as 20% increase of tumor size from the minimum. Such...
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The Effects of Obesity Stress, Weight Bias, and Heath Care on BMI in Soldiers of Non-combat Area

Kim KJ, Na YK

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the obesity stress, weight bias and health care on Body Mass Index (BMI) in soldiers of non-combat area and to provide...
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Emotional Dysregulation, Attributional Bias, Neurocognitive Impairment in Individuals at Ultra-High Risk for Psychosis and with Schizophrenia : Its Association with Paranoia

Kim NW, Song YY, Park JY, Baek SY, Kang JI, Lee E, An SK

OBJECTIVES: Paranoia is a complex phenomenon, affected by a number of factors such as depression, trait anxiety, and attributional bias in schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to explore...
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Automatic Attentional Bias in Individuals with Somatization Tendencies : An Event-Related Potential Study

Kim JY, Oh SS, Bae KY

  • KMID: 2343723
  • J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.
  • 2014 Jul;53(4):206-213.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the automatic attentional bias to disease/body-related stimuli in individuals exhibiting somatization tendencies using Event-Related Potential (ERP). METHODS: The participants were classified according...
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Intranasal Oxytocin Lessens the Attentional Bias to Adult Negative Faces: A Double Blind within-Subject Experiment

Kim YR, Oh SM, Corfield F, Jeong DW, Jang EY, Treasure J

OBJECTIVE: Oxytocin is a neuropeptide that is involved in social emotional processing. A leading hypothesis is that oxytocin facilitates positive prosocial behaviors; the peptide may also play a more general...
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Sweet Taste-Sensing Receptors Expressed in Pancreatic beta-Cells: Sweet Molecules Act as Biased Agonists

Kojima I, Nakagawa Y, Ohtsu Y, Medina A, Nagasawa M

The sweet taste receptors present in the taste buds are heterodimers comprised of T1R2 and T1R3. This receptor is also expressed in pancreatic beta-cells. When the expression of receptor subunits...
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Codon Usage Bias of Human Cytomegalovirus Genes with Different Evolutionary Conservancy

Kim YY, Lee CH

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a member of beta-herpesvirus and contains a double-stranded genome with longer than 230 Kbp. HCMV infection of human is mostly asymptomatic, but often causes fatal diseases...
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Fluorescence Quenching Causes Systematic Dye Bias in Microarray Experiments Using Cyanine Dye

Jeon H, Choi S

  • KMID: 2166265
  • Genomics Inform.
  • 2007 Sep;5(3):113-117.
The development of microarray technology has facilitated the understanding of gene expression profiles. Despite its convenience, the cause of dye-bias that confounds data interpretation in dual-color DNA microarray experiments is...
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