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The C2 Pedicle Width, Pars Length, and Laminar Thickness in Concurrent Ipsilateral Ponticulus Posticus and High-Riding Vertebral Artery: A Radiological Computed Tomography Scan-Based Study

Kothari MK, Dalvie SS, Gupta S, Tikoo A, Singh DK

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective radiological study. PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the prevalence of ponticulus posticus (PP) and high-riding vertebral artery (HRVA) occurring simultaneously on the same side (PP+HRVA) and in cases...
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The Availability of Radiological Measurement of Femoral Anteversion Angle: Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography Reconstruction

Byun HY, Shin H, Lee ES, Kong MS, Lee SH, Lee CH

OBJECTIVE: To assess the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability for measuring femoral anteversion angle (FAA) by a radiographic method using three-dimensional computed tomography reconstruction (3D-CT). METHODS: The study included 82 children who...
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A pillow of 8 cm height did not improve laryngeal view and alignment of airway axes but increased anesthesiologist discomfort compared to a pillow of 4 cm height during tracheal intubation in adult patients

Hong HJ, Yun M, Kim SH, Hwang JW, Lee HC

BACKGROUND: Neck flexion by head elevation using an 8 to 10 cm thick pillow and head extension has been suggested to align the laryngeal, pharyngeal and oral axis and facilitate...
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Mediastinal Lymph Node Enlargement in Patients with Valvular Heart Disease: CT Evaluation and Clinical Correlation

Park HJ, Jung JI, Ahn MI, Han DH, Park SH

PURPOSE: To evaluate the presence, size and location of enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with valvular heart disease (VHD) using computed tomography scans in correlation with ejection fraction...
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Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Hypersuppression Is Associated with Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Major Depression

Karling P, Wikgren M, Adolfsson , Norrback K

  • KMID: 2203583
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2016 Apr;22(2):292-303.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm15064
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastrointestinal symptoms and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction are frequently observed in patients with major depression. The primary aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between HPA-axis function...
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Modulatory Effects of Gut Microbiota on the Central Nervous System: How Gut Could Play a Role in Neuropsychiatric Health and Diseases

Yarandi SS, Peterson D, Treisman G, Moran TH, Pasricha P

  • KMID: 2203572
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2016 Apr;22(2):201-212.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm15146
Gut microbiome is an integral part of the Gut-Brain axis. It is becoming increasingly recognized that the presence of a healthy and diverse gut microbiota is important to normal cognitive...
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Fracture resistance of endodontically treated canines restored with different sizes of fiber post and all-ceramic crowns

Turker SB, Alkumru HN, Akalin B

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the fracture resistance and the mode of fracture of endodontically treated teeth restored with different fiber posts and all-ceramic crowns. MATERIALS AND...
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Biomechanics of Degenerative Spinal Disorders

Iorio JA, Jakoi AM, Singla A

The spine has several important functions including load transmission, permission of limited motion, and protection of the spinal cord. The vertebrae form functional spinal units, which represent the smallest segment...
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Analysis of Global Sagittal Postural Patterns in Asymptomatic Chinese Adults

Hu P, Yu M, Sun Z, Li W, Jiang L, Wei F, Liu X, Chen Z, Liu Z

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective imaging study. PURPOSE: To characterize the distribution of the global sagittal postural patterns in asymptomatic Chinese adults using Roussouly classification. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: The norms of sagittal parameters...
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Current Trends in Management for Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumor

Han JW, Koh KN, Kim JY, Baek HJ, Lee JW, Shim KW, Cho J, Kim DS

Central nervous system germ cell tumor is a rare but important tumor in childhood brain tumors. It requires a multidisciplinary approach to increase survival and promote quality of life, and...
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Modulation of axonal sprouting along rostro-caudal axis of dorsal hippocampus and no neuronal survival in parahippocampal cortices by long-term post-lesion melatonin administration in lithium-pilocarpine model of temporal lobe epilepsy

Kazemi M, Shokri S, Ganjkhani , Ali R, Iraj JA

Feature outcome of hippocampus and extra-hippocampal cortices was evaluated in melatonin treated lithium-pilocarpine epileptic rats during early and chronic phases of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). After status epilepticus (SE) induction,...
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Imageless Navigation Versus Conventional Open Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy: A Meta-Analysis of Comparative Studies

Kim HJ, Yoon JR, Choi GW, Yang JH

PURPOSE: To summarize and compare radiological and clinical outcomes of open wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) using imageless computer-assisted navigation with conventional HTO. METHODS: A literature search of online register databases...
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Morphologic Analysis of Cytomegalovirus Infected Cells in Bronchial Washing Cytology: Comparison of Liquid-Based Preparation and Conventional Smear

Seok JY, An J, Ha SY, Chung DH, Lee S, Kim H

BACKGROUND: The cytopathic effects of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection have been well described since the virus was first reported; however, the morphology of CMV infection has not been clearly studied. We...
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Effect of abutment screw length and cyclic loading on removal torque in external and internal hex implants

Mohammed H, Lee JH, Bae JM, Cho HW

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of abutment screw length and cyclic loading on the removal torque (RTV) in external hex (EH) and internal hex...
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Diet and Nutritional Management in Functional Gastrointestinal Disorder: Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Kim JH

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a multifactorial disorder with the pathogenesis of abnormal gastrointestinal motility, low-grade inflammation, visceral hypersensitivity, communication in the gut-brain axis, and so on. Traditionally, IBS has...
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Novel Pharmacological Treatment for Depression

Jeong HJ, Moon E

Development of various antidepressants such as monoamine oxidase inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, and noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressant has led to a tremendous...
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Effect of Saccharin Intake in Restraint-induced Stress Response Reduction in Rats

Park JM, Song MK, Kim YJ, Kim YJ

PURPOSE: Stress activates the sympathetic nervous system and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and induces the release of glucocorticoids. Saccharin is 300 times sweeter than sucrose, but does not increase blood insulin...
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Congenital Absence of Posterior Elements of C2 Vertebra with Atlanto-Axial Dislocation and Basilar Invagination: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Srivastava SK, Nemade PS, Aggarwal R, Bhoale SK

Developmental anomalies of the axis are commonly encountered, especially anomalies involving the odontoid process. Anomalies of the posterior elements are uncommon. We describe a unique case of agenesis of posterior...
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Feasibility Study of Free-Hand Technique for Pedicle Screw Insertion at C7 without Fluoroscopy-Guidance

Lee GW, Kim HJ, Yeom JS, Uh JH, Park JH, Lee JH, Kim DW, Suh BG

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective interventional study. PURPOSE: To introduce a free-hand pedicle screw (PS) insertion technique without fluoroscopic guidance in the C7 vertebra and evaluate the procedure's feasibility and radiologic outcomes. OVERVIEW OF...
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Laparoscopic completion total gastrectomy for remnant gastric cancer following pancreaticoduodenectomy for bile duct cancer: a case report

Kim DJ, Kim W

Laparoscopic completion total gastrectomy following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) has not been reported. A 73-year-old male who underwent PD 25 years ago for distal common bile duct cancer visited a surgical department...
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