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Frailty Syndrome and the Use of Frailty Indices as a Preoperative Risk Stratification Tool in Spine Surgery: A Review

Simcox T, Antoku D, Jain N, Acosta F, Hah R

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):861-873.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0239
This comprehensive narrative literature review aims to extract studies related to frailty indices and their use in elective spine procedures, as limited studies regarding frailty exist in the spine literature....
Thoracic Posture and Mobility in Mechanical Neck Pain Population: A Review of the Literature

Joshi S, Balthillaya G, Neelapala

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):849-860.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0302
Neck pain is a common condition with several proposed biomechanical contributing factors. Thoracic spine dysfunction is hypothesized as one of the predisposing factors, which necessitates the need to explore the...
Pullout Strength Predictor: A Machine Learning Approach

Khatri R, Varghese V, Sharma S, Kumar GS, Chhabra HS

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):842-848.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0243
STUDY DESIGN: A biomechanical study. PURPOSE: To develop a predictive model for pullout strength. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Spine fusion surgeries are performed to correct joint deformities by restricting motion between two or...
Surgical Results of Patients with Myelopathy due to Ossification of the Ligamentum Flavum with Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament or a Vertebral Fracture at the Same Level of the Thoracic Spine: A Retrospective Comparative Study

Kasukawa Y, Miyakoshi , Hongo M, Ishikawa Y, Kudo D, Kimura R, Ono Y, Iida J, Sato C, Shimada Y

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):832-841.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0278
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective and comparative study. PURPOSE: We assessed surgical treatment outcomes in patients with thoracic myelopathy due to ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF), and OLF combined with ossification of...
Precautions for Combined Anterior and Posterior Long-Level Fusion for Adult Spinal Deformity: Perioperative Surgical Complications Related to the Anterior Procedure (Oblique Lumbar Interbody Fusion)

Kim WJ, Lee JW, Kim SM, Park KY, Chang SH, Song DG, Choy WS

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):823-831.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0304
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, single-center study. PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the perioperative complications of oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) as a first-stage procedure in combined anterior and posterior operation for adult...
Mid-length Pedicle Screws in Posterior Instrumentation of Scoliosis

Balikci T, Kıyak G, Heydar AM, Bawaneh MK, Bezer M

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):815-822.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0177
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective analysis of collected data. PURPOSE: We determine the need for the use of mid-length pedicle screws (screws with 2.5-mm long increments) during posterior spinal instrumentation. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Many...
Effect of Indirect Neural Decompression with Oblique Lateral Interbody Fusion Was Influenced by Preoperative Lumbar Lordosis in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery

Beng TB, Kotani Y, Sia U, Gonchar I

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):809-814.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0283
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study on the indirect decompressive effect of oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) for adult spinal deformity. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of interbody distraction by OLIF for...
Posterior Dural Shifts Following Spinous Process-Splitting Multi-Level Intervertebral Lumbar Laminectomies

Sono T, Fujibayashi S, Shimizu Y, Otsuki B, Tanida S, Matsuda S

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):801-808.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0265
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: The aim of our study is to evaluate the extent of posterior spinal dural shift following spinous process splitting multi-level intervertebral lumbar laminectomies, and determine...
Hooks at the Upper Instrumented Vertebra Can Adjust Postoperative Shoulder Balance in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: 5 Years or More of Follow-up

Kuroya S, Akazawa T, Kotani T, Sakuma T, Minami S, Torii Y, Umehara T, Iinuma M, Murakami K, Orita S, Inage K, Eguchi Y, Fujimoto K, Shiga Y, Nakamura J, Inoue G, Miyagi M, Saito W, Ohtori S, Niki H

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):793-800.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0206
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate postoperative shoulder imbalance (PSI) ≥5 years postoperatively in patients who underwent posterior spinal fusion using hooks at the upper...
Functional Outcome after Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy by Destandau's Technique: A Prospective Study of 614 Patients

Dey PC, Nanda SN

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):786-792.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0320
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of the lumbar discectomy procedure using the Destandau Endospine System by assessing the functional outcome and complication rate in 614 patients. OVERVIEW OF...
Investigation of Comorbidity, Trauma History, and Osteoporotic Fractures in the Postmenopausal Population: A Nationwide, Observational, and Cross-Sectional Study of Korean Orthopedic Outpatient Clinics

Cho M, Moon SH, Lee JH, Lee JH

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):779-785.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0322
STUDY DESIGN: A nationwide, observational, and cross-sectional study targeting postmenopausal patients from 62 orthopedic outpatient clinics in Korea between October 2010 and February 2011. PURPOSE: This study was carried out to...
Characteristics of Low Back Pain due to Superior Cluneal Nerve Entrapment Neuropathy

Miki K, Kim K, Isu T, Matsumoto , Kokubo R, Isobe M, Inoue T

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):772-778.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0324
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate the features of low back pain (LBP) due to superior cluneal nerve (SCN) entrapment neuropathy (SCN-EN) using the Roland Morris...
Effects of Weekly Teriparatide Administration for Vertebral Stability and Bony Union in Patients with Acute Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures

Kitaguchi , Kashii M, Ebina K, Sasaki S, Tsukamoto , Yoshikawa , Murase T

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):763-771.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0311
STUDY DESIGN: An open-label, non-randomized prospective study. PURPOSE: Teriparatide (TPTD) is known to be an antiosteoporotic agent that may accelerate the healing of fractures. This study was designed to investigate the...
Responsiveness of Commonly Used Patient-Reported Outcome Instruments in Lumbar Microdiscectomy

Vishwanathan K, Braithwaite I

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):753-762.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0334
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the comparative responsiveness of Oswestry Disability Index (ODI, version 2.0), 24-item Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) physical component...
C2 Fractures in the Elderly: Single-Center Evaluation of Risk Factors for Mortality

Chan HY, Segreto FA, Horn SR, Bortz C, Choy GG, Passias PG, Deverall H, Baker JF

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):746-752.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0300
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify features associated with increased mortality risk in traumatic C2 fractures in the elderly, including measures of comorbidity...
Factors Affecting Postoperative Sagittal Alignment after Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion in Adult Spinal Deformity: Posterior Osteotomy, Anterior Longitudinal Ligament Rupture, and Endplate Injury

Nakashima , Kanemura T, Satake K, Ishikawa Y, Ouchida J, Segi N, Yamaguchi , Imagama S

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):738-745.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0275
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To identify factors that affect sagittal alignment correction in lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) surgery for adult spinal deformity (ASD) and to investigate the degree...
Ten-Year Results of Reconstruction for Rheumatoid Cervical Spine Lesions and Occurrence Factor of Subaxial Subluxation

Kurogochi , Takahashi , Uehara M, Ikegami S, Kuraishi S, Futatsugi , Oba H, Takizawa T, Munakata R, Hatakenaka T, Koseki M, Kato H

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):730-737.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0343
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PURPOSE: This study evaluated long-term surgical outcomes of computer-assisted reconstruction using transarticular or cervical pedicle screws for cervical spine lesions caused by advanced rheumatoid arthritis (RA). OVERVIEW...
Feasibility and Safety of Outpatient Lumbar Microscopic Discectomy in a Developing Country

Jaiswal A, Kumar S, Reddy S, Jaiswal P

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):721-729.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0268
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. PURPOSE: To verify the feasibility and safety of outpatient microscopic lumbar discectomy (MLD) in a developing country. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Outpatient MLD is advantageous in terms of cost...
Autogenic Rib Graft for Atlantoaxial and Occipitocervical Fixation in Pediatric Patients

Matsumura , Namikawa T, Kato M, Hori Y, Iwamae M, Hidaka N, Konishi S, Nakamura H

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):713-720.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0312
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PURPOSE: To evaluate surgical outcomes and effectiveness of an autogenic rib graft for upper cervical fixation in pediatric patients. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Autogenic bone grafts have long...
Comparison of Transforming Growth Factor-Beta1 and Lovastatin on Differentiating Mesenchymal Stem Cells toward Nucleus Pulposus-like Phenotype: An In Vitro Cell Culture Study

Yang SH, Yang KC, Chen CW, Huang TC, Sun YH, Hu MH

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2019 Oct;13(5):705-712.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0257
STUDY DESIGN: In Vitro cell culture study. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the impact of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) and lovastatin on differentiating human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) toward nucleus...

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