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Spinal Deformity Surgery: A Critical Review of Alignment and Balance

Pumberger , Schmidt H, Putzier M

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):775-783.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.775
Correction of the overall coronal and/or sagittal plane deformities is one of the main predictors of successful spinal surgery. In routine clinical practice, spinal alignment is assessed using several spinal...
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: Objective Measurement Scales and Ambulatory Status

Abou-Al-Shaar H, Adogwa O, Mehta AI

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):765-774.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.765
Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is one of the most common affecting the elderly population that may lead to loss of function and the inability to execute basic activities of daily...
Outcomes of Various Treatment Modalities for Lumbar Spinal Ailments in Elite Athletes: A Literature Review

Gadia A, Shah K, Nene A

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):754-764.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.754
Lumbar spinal injuries are common in elite athletes, who can present with a spectrum of ailments ranging from lumbar strain to prolapsed intervertebral discs. Sequelae can include neurological impairment and...
Is S1 Alar Iliac Screw a Feasible Option for Lumbosacral Fixation?: A Technical Note

Wang Z, Boubez G, Shedid D, Yuh SJ, Sebaaly A

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):749-753.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.749
Nonunion at the lumbosacral junction is a classic complication of long construct and deformity corrections. Iliac fixations have been extensively studied in the literature and have demonstrated superior biomechanical proprieties...
Postoperative Radiographic Early-Onset Adjacent Segment Degeneration after Single-Level L4–L5 Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion in Patients without Preoperative Severe Sagittal Spinal Imbalance

Matsuoka Y, Endo K, Suzuki H, Sawaji Y, Nishimura , Takamatsu , Kojima O, Murata K, Seki T, Horie S, Konishi T, Yamamoto K

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):743-748.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.743
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between preoperative total spinal sagittal alignment and the early onset of adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) after single-level posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF)...
Prognostic Factors of Neurological Complications in Spinal Surgeries

Shin WS, Ahn DK, Lee JS, Koo KH, Yoo IS

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):734-742.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.734
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To determine prognostic factors of neurological complications (NCs) of posterior thoracolumbar surgeries. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: There have been few reports on the prognosis of NCs according to...
Comparison of Three Different Options for C7 Posterior Vertebral Anchor in the Indian Population—Lateral Mass, Pedicle, and Lamina: A Computed Tomography-Based Morphometric Analysis

Viswanathan VK, Subramanian S, Viswanathan S

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):726-733.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.726
STUDY DESIGN: Radiological cohort study. PURPOSE: The options of posteriorly stabilizing C7 vertebra include using lateral mass, pedicle or lamina, as bony anchors. The current study is a computed tomography (CT)-based...
Undiagnosed Peripheral Nerve Disease in Patients with Failed Lumbar Disc Surgery

Yamauchi T, Kim K, Isu T, Iwamoto N, Yamazaki K, Matsumoto , Isobe M

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):720-725.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.720
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study (level of evidence=3). PURPOSE: We examine the relationship between residual symptoms after discectomy for lumbar disc herniation and peripheral nerve (PN) neuropathy. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Patients may report...
Minimally Invasive Microscope-Assisted Stand-Alone Transarticular Screw Fixation without Gallie Supplementation in the Management of Mobile Atlantoaxial Instability

Dusad T, Kundnani V, Dutta S, Patel A, Mehta G, Singh M

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):710-719.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.710
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinico-radiological efficacy of stand-alone minimally invasive transarticular screw (MIS-TAS) fixation without supplemental Gallie fixation in the management of mobile C1–C2 instability. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE:...
Risk Factors for Delirium after Spine Surgery: An Age-Matched Analysis

Morino T, Hino M, Yamaoka S, Misaki H, Ogata T, Imai H, Miura H

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):703-709.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.703
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To investigate the risk factors for postoperative delirium after spine surgery, excluding older age, which has already been established as a strong risk factor. OVERVIEW...
Intraspinal Anomalies in Individuals with Scheuermann's Kyphosis: Is the Routine Use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Necessary for Preoperative Evaluation?

Demiroz S, Ketenci IE, Yanik HS, Bayram S, Ur K, Erdem S

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):697-702.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.697
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the incidence of intraspinal pathologies (ISPs) in individuals with Scheuermann’s kyphosis (SK) and to validate whether the routine use of magnetic...
Correlation between Short-Form 36 Scores and Neck Disability Index in Patients Undergoing Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Ko S, Choi W, Chae S, Kwon J, Lee Y

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):691-696.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.691
STUDY DESIGN: Case control study. PURPOSE: To determine how the Neck Disability Index (NDI), a cervical spine-specific outcome, reflects health-related quality-of-life, and if NDI is correlated to the 36-item Short-Form Health...
Role of Whole-Spine Screening Magnetic Resonance Imaging Using Short Tau Inversion Recovery or Fat-Suppressed T2 Fast Spin Echo Sequences for Detecting Noncontiguous Multiple-Level Spinal Tuberculosis

Siddiqui M, Sartaj S, Rizvi SW, Khan MJ, Khan IA

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):686-690.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.686
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the role of whole-spine screening using short tau inversion recovery (STIR) or fat-suppressed T2W fast spin echo...
Intraoperative Halo-Femoral Traction in Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Curves between 70° and 90°: Is It Effective?

Erdem MN, Oltulu I, Karaca S, Sari S, Aydogan M

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):678-685.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.678
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective clinical study. PURPOSE: To analyze the surgical outcomes of intraoperative halo-femoral traction (HFT) in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with Cobb angles between 70° and 90°...
Cervical Supine Side-Bending versus Cervical Supine Traction Radiographs: Which Is Better in Predicting Proximal Thoracic Flexibility for Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?

Chiu CK, Bashir ES, Chan CY, Kwan MK

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):669-677.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.669
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PURPOSE: This study compared cervical supine side-bending (CSSB) and cervical supine traction (CST) radiographs to assess the flexibility and predict the correctability of the proximal thoracic...
Efficacy of Anal Needle Electrodes for Intraoperative Spinal Cord Monitoring with Transcranial Muscle Action Potentials

Kobayashi , Ando K, Yagi H, Ito K, Tsushima M, Morozumi M, Tanaka S, Machino M, Ota K, Matsuyama , Ishiguro N, Imagama S

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):662-668.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.662
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between postoperative bowel bladder disorder (BBD) and the efficacy of needle electrodes for the external anal sphincter (EAS) in intraoperative spinal cord...
Effect of Steroid-Soaked Gelatin Sponge on Soft Tissue Swelling Following Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: A Radiographic Analysis

Schroeder , Weinstein , Salzmann S, Kueper J, Shue J, Sama AA, Girardi FP

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):656-661.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.656
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective radiological review and analysis of 79 patients who underwent primary anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) of 2 or 3 levels between 2011 and 2013. PURPOSE: This study...
Spinal Gunshot Wounds: Pattern and Associated Lesions in Civilians

Escamilla , Ross JA, Atanasio J, Martínez , Cisneros A, Avila JJ

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):648-655.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.648
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive case series study. PURPOSE: To investigate the frequency, bone pattern, and associated lesions to the spine of gunshot wounds. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Gunshot wounds are penetrating in nature...
Transcranial Motor Evoked Potential Monitoring for the Detection of Nerve Root Injury during Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery

Ushirozako H, Yoshida G, Kobayashi , Hasegawa T, Yamato Y, Yasuda T, Banno T, Arima H, Oe S, Mihara Y, Togawa D, Matsuyama

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):639-647.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.639
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the utility of transcranial motor evoked potential (TcMEP) monitoring for the detection of intraoperative nerve root injury. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Intraoperative neuromonitoring is...
Which Side-Bending X-ray Position is Better to Evaluate the Preoperative Curve Flexibility in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients, Supine or Prone?

Bekki H, Harimaya K, Matsumoto , Kawaguchi , Hayashida , Okada S, Doi T, Nakashima

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Aug;12(4):632-638.
  • doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.12.4.632
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to evaluate the difference in the preoperative curve flexibility between the supine and prone positions in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis...

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