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The Role of Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy

Kolcun JP, Chieng LO, Madhavan K, Wang MY

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):1008-1015.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.1008
Dynamic spinal cord compression has been investigated for several years, but until the advent of open MRI, the use of dynamic MRI (dMRI) did not gain popularity. Several publications have...
Safety of Pedicle Screws in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Surgery

Chan CY, Kwan MK

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):998-1007.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.998
To review existing publications on the safety of pedicle screw insertions in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Despite having increased risk for neurological and visceral injuries, the use of pedicle screws...
Prevalence of Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain and Its Associated Factors among Middle-Aged and Elderly People: An Analysis Based on Data from a Musculoskeletal Examination in Japan

Iizuka Y, Iizuka H, Mieda T, Tsunoda D, Sasaki T, Tajika T, Yamamoto A, Takagishi

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):989-997.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.989
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: To clarify the prevalence of chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP) and its associated factors among middle-aged and elderly Japanese individuals using data from a...
Delayed Neurological Deficits after Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures: Clinical Outcomes after Surgery

Yeung YK, Ho ST

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):981-988.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.981
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. PURPOSE: To review the clinical presentation of operated patients with delayed neurological deficits after osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Delayed neurological deficits can occur from 1...
Assessment of the Relationship between Pelvic Tilt and the Sacro-Femoral-Pubic Angle in Middle-Aged and Elderly Asian Individuals

Kitagawa T, Iizuka Y, Kobayashi , Mieda T, Tsunoda D, Yamamoto A, Tajika T, Iizuka H, Takagishi

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):975-980.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.975
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between pelvic tilt (PT) and the sacro-femoral-pubic (SFP) angle, which is easier to identify than PT,...
Area of Ostectomy in Posterior Percutaneous Endoscopic Cervical Foraminotomy: Images and Mid-term Outcomes

Nakamura S, Taguchi M

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):968-974.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.968
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. PURPOSE: To analyze whether the cross-sectional area of the intervertebral foramen at the outermost edge of the resection site is associated with postoperative outcomes and whether our fluoroscopic...
Difference in Spinal Sagittal Alignment and Health-Related Quality of Life between Males and Females with Cervical Deformity

Oe S, Togawa D, Yoshida G, Hasegawa T, Yamato Y, Kobayashi , Yasuda T, Banno T, Mihara Y, Matsuyama

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):959-967.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.959
STUDY DESIGN: Large cohort study. PURPOSE: To clarify spinal sagittal alignment and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) according to sex in volunteers aged >50 years with cervical deformity (CD). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE:...
Thoracolumbar Vertebral Injuries with Neurological Deficit Treated with Posterior Decompression, Short Segment Pedicle Screw Fixation, and Interlaminar Fusion

Kumar S, Kumar S, Arya RK, Kumar A

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):951-958.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.951
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of interlaminar fusion and short segment pedicle screw fixation on thoracolumbar vertebral injuries for preventing...
Anterior Longitudinal Ligament Reconstruction to Reduce Hypermobility of Cervical and Lumbar Disc Arthroplasty

Mobbs RJ, Li JX, Phan K

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):943-950.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.943
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series PURPOSE: This study aims to present the early clinical and radiological outcomes of anterior longitudinal ligament (ALL) reconstruction following disc arthroplasty. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Although cervical and...
A Safe Surgical Procedure for Old Distractive Flexion Injuries of the Subaxial Cervical Spine

Kawano O, Maeda T, Mori E, Yugue I, Ueta T, Shiba K

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):935-942.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.935
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. PURPOSE: To describe a safe and effective surgical procedure for old distractive flexion (DF) injuries of the subaxial cervical spine. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Surgical treatment is required in...
Surgical Outcomes of Cervical Myelopathy in Patients with Athetoid Cerebral Palsy: A 5-Year Follow-Up

Watanabe K, Otani K, Nikaido T, Kato K, Kobayashi , Yabuki S, Kikuchi SI, Konno SI

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):928-934.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.928
STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort study. PURPOSE: To assess the surgical outcomes of posterior decompression and fusion for cervical myelopathy in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Patients with athetoid cerebral...
Prevalence of Neuropathic Pain and Patient-Reported Outcomes in Korean Adults with Chronic Low Back Pain Resulting from Neuropathic Low Back Pain

Kim JH, Hong JT, Lee CS, Kim KS, Suk KS, Kim JH, Park YS, Chang BS, Jun DS, Kim YH, Lee JH, Min WK, Lee JS, Park SY, Oh IS, Hong JY, Shin HC, Kim WK, Kim JH, Lee JK, Kim IS, Ha Y, Im SB, Kim SW, Han IH, Shin JJ, Rim BC, Seo BJ, Kim YJ, Lee J

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):917-927.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.917
STUDY DESIGN: A noninterventional, multicenter, cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: We investigated the prevalence of neuropathic pain (NP) and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of the quality of life (QoL) and functional disability in Korean...
Epidemiology and Clinical Management of Traumatic Spine Injuries at a Major Government Hospital in Cambodia

Choi JH, Park PJ, Din V, Sam N, Iv V, Park KB

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):908-916.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.908
STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional study. PURPOSE: To characterize the pattern of injury, describe the current clinical management, and determine the outcomes in traumatic spine injury (TSI) patients presenting to a major...
Effects of Atorvastatin in Patients with Acute Spinal Cord Injury

Aghazadeh , Samadi Motlagh P, Salehpour , Meshkini A, Fatehi M, Mirzaei F, Naseri Alavi SA

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):903-907.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.903
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical trial study. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of atorvastatin on sensory and motor function in patients with acute spinal cord injury. OVERVIEW OF...
Postoperative Spinal Epidural Hematoma: The Danger Caused by the Misuse of Thrombin-Containing Local Hemostatics

Ahn DK, Shin WS, Kim GW, Koo KH

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):898-902.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.898
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. PURPOSE: To examine the hypothesis that the misuse of thrombin-containing local hemostatics (TCLH) increases the risk of postoperative spinal epidural hematoma (POSEH). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Many studies...
Prevalence of Lumbosacral Transitional Vertebra in Individuals with Low Back Pain: Evaluation Using Plain Radiography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Shaikh A, Khan SA, Hussain M, Soomro S, Adel H, Adil SO, Huda F, Khanzada U

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):892-897.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.892
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: To determine the frequency of lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV) in patients with low back pain (LBP) and the role of iliolumbar ligament (ILL) origin from...
Prevalence and Complications of Postoperative Transfusion for Cervical Fusion Procedures in Spine Surgery: An Analysis of 11,588 Patients from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database

Aoude A, Aldebeyan , Fortin M, Nooh A, Jarzem P, Ouellet JA, Weber MH

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):880-891.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.880
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the rate of blood transfusion after cervical fusion surgery, and its effect on complication rates. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE:...
Generation of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells and Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells from Newborns with Spina Bifida Aperta

Bamba Y, Nonaka M, Sasaki N, Shofuda T, Kanematsu , Suemizu H, Higuchi Y, Pooh RK, Kanemura Y, Okano H, Yamasaki M

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):870-879.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.870
STUDY DESIGN: We established induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) from three newborns with spina bifida aperta (SBa) using clinically practical methods. PURPOSE: We aimed to develop...
Detection of O-Linked-N-Acetylglucosamine Modification and Its Associated Enzymes in Human Degenerated Intervertebral Discs

Nikolaou G, Zibis AH, Fyllos AH, Katsioulis A, Sotiriou S, Kotrotsios A, Sgantzos M, Vassiou A, Arvanitis

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):863-869.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.863
STUDY DESIGN: Human herniated discs were obtained from discectomy specimens for the immunohistochemical detection of O-GlcNAc and O-GlcNAcase (OGA)/O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT). PURPOSE: This study aimed to quantify the extent of O-GlcNAcylation...
Evaluation of Two Novel Integrated Stand-Alone Spacer Designs Compared with Anterior and Anterior-Posterior Single-Level Lumbar Fusion Techniques: An In Vitro Biomechanical Investigation

Kuhns CA, Harris JA, Hussain MM, Muzumdar A, Bucklen BS, Khalil S

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2017 Dec;11(6):854-862.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2017.11.6.854
STUDY DESIGN: In vitro biomechanical investigation. PURPOSE: To compare the biomechanics of integrated three-screw and four-screw anterior interbody spacer devices and traditional techniques for treatment of degenerative disc disease. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE:...

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