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Bowel Wall Thickness, Elasticity, Intestinal Permeability, and Inflammatory Cytokines in Patients with Cirrhosis and Ascites

Lee SH, Kwon HJ, Kim NH, Kim HJ, Cho YK, Jeon WK, Park EH, Kim BI

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies have reported that endotoxemia is associated with pathogenesis and complications in cirrhosis. Endotoxin stimulates the secretion of inflammatory cytokines, which contributes to the development of complications. In...
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Successful Treatment in a Newborn Infant with Chylous Ascites and Chylous Hydrocele

Ahn SH, Kim WD, Kim YJ

Chyle only occurs in the peritoneal cavity or around the pericardium through damage to the lymph nodes or improper drainage of the lymph and is characterized by a colostrum-like color...
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A case of follicular lymphoma accompanied with chylous ascites

Ohe M, Baba M, Shida H, Furuya K, Kogawa K

No abstract available.
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Exosomal miR-181b-5p Downregulation in Ascites Serves as a Potential Diagnostic Biomarker for Gastric Cancer-associated Malignant Ascites

Yun J, Han SB, Kim HJ, Go SI, Lee WS, Bae WK, Cho SH, Song EK, Lee OJ, Kim HK, Yang Y, Kwon J, Chae HB, Lee KH, Han HS

PURPOSE: Peritoneal carcinomatosis in gastric cancer (GC) patients results in extremely poor prognosis. Malignant ascites samples are the most appropriate biological material to use to evaluate biomarkers for peritoneal carcinomatosis....
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Eosinophilic Enteritis Presenting as Massive Ascites after Influenza A Virus Infection in a Young Female

Kim MJ, Oh MJ

Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorder (EGID) is an uncommon disease that is accompanied by intestinal eosinophil infiltration without a secondary cause of eosinophilia. Eosinophilic enteritis is a secondary portion of EGID that...
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Portal pressure gradient and serum albumin: A simple combined parameter associated with the appearance of ascites in decompensated cirrhosis treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt

Zhao D, Zhang G, Wang M, Zhang C, Li J

BACKGROUND/AIMS: In recent years, greater assessment accuracy after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) to ascertain prognosis has become important in decompensated cirrhosis due to portal hypertension. The aim of this...
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Chylous Ascites Following Bariatric Surgery Report of Two Cases

Imam A, Khalayleh , Rahat M, Mavor E, Pines G, Sapojnikov S

Chylous ascites is a rare complication following bariatric surgeries. Little data is available regarding chylous ascites following bariatric surgeries per se or in association with internal hernias. Herein we present...
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Does the large amount of ascites lateralize the inferior epigastric artery in liver cirrhosis?

Kim D, Kim JS, Lee JH, Lee SC, Seo JS, Doh HH, Lee S

OBJECTIVE: The most common cause of hemorrhage after paracentesis is direct needle puncture of the inferior epigastric artery (IEA). This study examined the relationship between the amount of the ascites...
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Obesity-Induced Peritoneal Dissemination of Ovarian Cancer and Dominant Recruitment of Macrophages in Ascites

Ignacio RM, Lee ES, Wilson AJ, Beeghly-Fadiel A, Whalen MM, Son DS

One-fifth of cancer deaths are associated with obesity. Because the molecular mechanisms by which obesity affects the progression of ovarian cancer (OC) are poorly understood, we investigated if obesity could...
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Umbilical Venous Catheter Complication Presenting as Chylous Ascites in a Newborn: Intraperitoneal Extravasation of Total Parenteral Nutrition Infusate

Lee HM, Sung HJ, Lee HS

Umbilical venous catheterization (UVC) is a common practice in intensive neonatal care. However, a malpositioned UVC and its prolonged use may lead to various problems, including mechanical, infectious, and thrombotic...
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2017 Korean Association for the Study of the Liver (KASL) Clinical Practice Guidelines for Ascites and Related Complications: What Has Been Changed from the 2011 KASL Clinical Practice Guidelines?

Seo YS

Ascites is a common complication in patients with liver cirrhosis and is the most common cause of hospitalization in these patients. The development of ascites is associated with a poor...
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KASL clinical practice guidelines for liver cirrhosis: Ascites and related complications

The Korean Association for the Study of the Liver (KASL)

No abstract available.
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Ascites

Jeong SW

Ascites is the most common cause of decompensation in cirrhosis, and 5% to 10% of patients with compensated cirrhosis develop ascites each year. The main factor of ascites formation is...
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Diagnostic Value of Carcinoembryonic Antigen in Ascites for Colorectal Cancer with Peritoneal Carcinomatosis

Song SE, Choi P, Kim JH, Jung K, Kim SE, Moon W, Park MI, Park SJ

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diagnostic tests for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in ascites have been performed in various malignant cases, but there is only few data on the applicability of CEA for colorectal cancer...
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Infectious peritonitis after endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage in a patient with ascites

Okuno N, Hara K, Mizuno N, Kuwahara T, Iwaya H, Tajika M, Tanaka T, Ishihara M, Hirayama Y, Onishi S, Toriyama K, Ito A, Kuraoka N, Matsumoto , Obata M, Yasuda M, Kurita Y, Tanaka H, Niwa Y

SUMMARY OF EVENT: Bacterial, mycotic peritonitis and Candida fungemia developed in a patient with moderate ascites who had undergone endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD). Antibiotics and antifungal agent were administered...
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Simultaneous chylothorax and chylous ascites

Jang TS, Jeong IB, Cho DY, Kang SJ, Kwon OJ

Chylothorax or chylous ascites are rare manifestations of liver cirrhosis. We report a rare case of simultaneous chylothorax and chylous ascites in a patient with hepatitis B virus-related liver cirrhosis....
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Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disorder Presenting as Intractable Vomiting and Ascites in a Young Girl

Kwon JY, Huh JS, Je BK, Hong KD, Lee JH

Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorder (EGID) is a rare disease in children that affects the bowel wall, with eosinophilic infiltration in the absence of any other causes for eosinophilia. The etiology remains...
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Ileal Atresia Presenting with Massive Chylous Ascites and Hydrocele in a Newborn

Kim J, Hong YJ, Cho HH, Shim SY, Park EA, Cho SJ

We report a case of ileal atresia presenting with massive chylous ascites and hydrocele in a neonate. A male neonate was born at 38 weeks of gestation with a weight...
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Plasma D-dimer Can Effectively Predict the Prospective Occurrence of Ascites in Advanced Schistosomiasis Japonica Patients

Wu X, Ren J, Gao Z, Xu Y, Xie H, Li T, Cheng Y, Hu F, Liu H, Gong Z, Liang J, Shen J, Liu Z, Wu F, Sun X, Niu Z, Ning A

China still has more than 30,000 patients of advanced schistosomiasis while new cases being reported consistently. D-dimer is a fibrin degradation product. As ascites being the dominating symptom in advanced...
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Myelomatous Ascites as an Initial Manifestation of Extramedullary Involvement of Multiple Myeloma

Choi SY, Lee HK, Yi BH, Lee MH, Kim HK, Park SK

Multiple myeloma is a common hematological malignancy. Aggressive myeloma invades the organs outside the bone marrow, lymph, or reticuloendothelial systems. Among the extramedullary involvements of multiple myeloma, myelomatous ascites are...
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