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A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials of Antibiotic Use in Diabetic Foot Ulcer Infections: Focus on Clinical Cure

Pratama V, Risni HW, Yunir E, Sauriasari R

Background: The use of antibiotics in diabetic foot ulcer infections (DFUI) is essential in reducing morbidity. Optimal administration of antibiotics can improve clinical outcomes and reduce the risk of antibiotic...
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The change of antibiotic susceptibility in febrile urinary tract infection in childhood and adolescence during the last decade

Choi U, Kim E, Lyu DH, Kim KS, Park BH, Chung H, Han CH, Bae S

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to clarify the pattern of antibiotic resistance in pediatric urinary tract infections (UTIs). Materials and Methods: We analyzed the data of entire urine culture...
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Aerosolized antibiotics in the treatment of hospital-acquired pneumonia/ventilator-associated pneumonia

Jung YJ, Kim EJ, Choi YH

Aerosolized antibiotics are being increasingly used to treat respiratory infections, especially those caused by drug-resistant pathogens. Their use in the treatment of hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill...
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Long-term Outcomes of Direct Endoscopic Necrosectomy for Complicated or Symptomatic Walled-Off Necrosis: A Korean Multicenter Study

Kim YS, Cho JH, Cho DH, Park SW, Moon SH, Park JS, Lee YN, Lee SS

Background/Aims: The endoscopic step-up approach is accepted as the preferred treatment for complicated or symptomatic walled-off necrosis (WON). Direct endoscopic necrosectomy (DEN) is an effective therapeutic option, but few reports...
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Optimal First-Line Antibiotic Treatment for Pediatric Complicated Appendicitis Based on Peritoneal Fluid Culture

Aiyoshi T, Masumoto K, Tanaka N, Sasaki T, Chiba F, Ono K, Jimbo T, Urita Y, Shinkai T, Takayasu H, Hitomi S

Purpose: Consensus is lacking regarding the optimal antibiotic treatment for pediatric complicated appendicitis. This study determined the optimal first-line antibiotic treatment for pediatric patients with complicated appendicitis based on peritoneal...
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Optimal duration of preoperative antibiotic treatment prior to ureteroscopic lithotripsy to prevent postoperative systemic inflammatory response syndrome in patients presenting with urolithiasis-induced obstructive acute pyelonephritis

Yoo JW, Lee KS, Chung BH, Kwon SY, Seo YJ, Lee KS, Koo KC

Purpose: There is no consensus on the optimal duration of preoperative antibiotic treatment prior to ureteroscopic lithotripsy in patients presenting with urolithiasis-induced obstructive acute pyelonephritis (APN). We aimed to identify...
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Bilateral Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with Sepsis: A Case Report and Literature Review

Lee HJ, Ahn SK, Yim CD, Hur DG

Bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is rare and usually indicates a serious systemic pathology. We describe an unusual case of bilateral SSNHL caused by sepsis. A 28-year-old female complained...
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Core Elements for Successful Implementation of Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs

Hwang S, Kwon KT

Antimicrobial resistance has emerged as a serious global public health threat. One of the countermeasures to increased antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections is the use of an integrative intervention strategy for the...
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Therapeutics for acute otitis media

Kown J, Chung J

Background: Acute otitis media (AOM) is diagnosed in patients with acute onset of signs and symptoms of inflammation in the middle ear, accompanied by middle ear effusion. AOM is a...
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Nutrition and Antibiotics for Acute Pancreatitis

So H, Lee HK, Song TJ

Acute pancreatitis is a sudden inflammatory disease that could be developed into a fatal condition. Traditional dogma was to rest the pancreas by fasting. However, evidence shows the benefits of...
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Analysis of Cholangitis Rates with Extended Perioperative Antibiotics and Adjuvant Corticosteroids in Biliary Atresia

Goh L, Phua KB, Low Y, Chiang LW, Yong C, Chiou FK

Purpose: There is no consensus regarding adjuvant therapies following Kasai portoenterostomy (KP) for biliary atresia (BA). This study aimed to analyze the effect of extended perioperative intravenous antibiotics (PI-Abx) and...
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Factors associated with treatment outcomes of patients hospitalized with severe maxillofacial infections at a tertiary center

Kim HW, Kim CH

Objectives: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the variables associated with length of stay (LOS), hospital costs, intensive care unit (ICU) use, and treatment outcomes in patients...
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The Current Status of Bacterial Identification by Wound Culture for Diabetic Foot Lesions in a Single Tertiary Hospital in South Korea

Jung SY, Lee MJ, Lee SY, Lee SY

Purpose: The present study aimed to develop guidelines regarding initial choice of antibiotics for diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) by investigating bacterial isolates. Materials and Methods: This study included 223 DFU patients...
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Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Adrenal Insufficiency and Fever

Jang W, Sohn Y, Park JH, Pai H, Kim DS, Kim B

Background: Because persistent fever often occurs in adrenal insufficiency, it might be confused with infectious diseases. This study aimed to identify clinical characteristics and risk factors of patients with adrenal...
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Febrile urinary tract infection in children: changes in epidemiology, etiology, and antibiotic resistance patterns over a decade

Suh W, Kim BN, Kang HM, Yang EA, Rhim JW, Lee KY

Background: Understanding the epidemiology and prevalence of febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) in children is important for risk stratification and selecting appropriate urine sample collection candidates to aid in its...
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Assessment of Change in Microbiology and Antibiotic Sensitivity of Deep Neck Infection Over 10 Years

Yun JH, Kim SJ, Kim HS, Jung SY

Background and Objectives Treatment using systemic antibiotic administration and surgical drainage has been the common treatment modality for deep neck infection. This study compared the changing pattern of isolated pathogens...
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Respiratory Tract Bacterial Colonization in Long-Term Tracheostomized Pediatric Patients: Comparison between Sites and Two Different Timepoints

Han SH, Kim YS, Kwon SK

Background and Objectives Tracheostomy lead to persistent bacterial colonization of the respiratory tract. Surgical site infection and restenosis by the pathogenic bacteria is the most fatal complication after open airway...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility Trends of Streptococcus pneumoniae by Age Groups Over Recent 10 Years in a Single Hospital in South Korea

Oh H, Heo ST, Kim M, Kim YR, Yoo JR

Purpose: Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) causes respiratory tract infections. Its non-vaccine serotypes and multidrug-resistant pneumococcal diseases have increased during the post-pneumococcal vaccination era. Therefore, it is important to understand the...
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A Review of Bowel Preparation Before Colorectal Surgery

Ju YU, Min BW

Infectious complications are the biggest problem during bowel surgery, and one of the approaches to minimize them is the bowel cleaning method. It was expected that bowel cleaning could facilitate...
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Effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus HY7032 and Lactobacillus reuteri HY7506 isolated from dog feces on welfare and hair in companion dogs

Lee HJ, Lee SW

Precise combinations of probiotics can be useful in dog nutrition, treatment and care. Also, host specificity must be considered in order to increase the effectiveness of probiotics. In this study,...
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