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Prescription of antibiotics after tooth extraction in adults: a nationwide study in Korea

Choi YY

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand the nationwide patterns of antibiotic prescription after tooth extraction in adult patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzed dental records from the National Health Insurance...
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Association between Full Electronic Medical Record System Adoption and Drug Use: Antibiotics and Polypharmacy

Park YT, Kim D, Park RW, Atalag K, Kwon IH, Yoon D, Choi M

OBJECTIVES: We investigated associations between full Electronic Medical Record (EMR) system adoption and drug use in healthcare organizations (HCOs) to explore whether EMR system features such as electronic prescribing, medicines...
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The Use of Inappropriate Antibiotics in Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units with Nursing Home–Acquired Pneumonia at a Korean Teaching Hospital

Kim DH, Kim HJ, Koo HW, Bae W, Park SH, Koo HK, Park HK, Lee SS, Kang HK

BACKGROUND: Use of appropriate antibiotics for the treatment of pneumonia is integral in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). Although it is recommended that empirical treatment regimens should be...
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Patterns of antibiotics and pathogens for anastomotic leakage after colorectal cancer surgery

Yang G, Kim CW, Lee SH

PURPOSE: Anastomotic leakage (AL) is a type of intra-abdominal infection (IAI) which requires appropriate antibiotics with proper intervention. This study aimed to improve the appropriateness of antibiotic treatment by assessing...
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Results of Intradermal Skin Testing with Cefazolin according to a History of Hypersensitivity to Antibiotics

Kwon JW, Kim YJ, Yang MS, Song WJ, Kim SH, Cho SH, Chang YS

BACKGROUND: The relationship between cephalosporin hypersensitivity and a history of β-lactam hypersensitivity is unclear. We evaluated the usefulness of routine intradermal cefazolin skin testing and its relationship with the history...
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Feasibility of No Prophylactic Antibiotics Use in Patients Undergoing Total Laparoscopic Distal Gastrectomy for Gastric Carcinoma: a Propensity Score-Matched Case-Control Study

Na Y, Kang JH, Jung MR, Ryu SY, Jeong O

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic surgery is associated with lower surgical site infection (SSI) rates due to minimal skin incision and non-exposure of visceral organs. Most previous studies have analyzed the efficacy of...
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Prescription of Antibiotics for Adults with Acute Infectious Diarrhea in Korea: A Population-based Study

Lee HJ, Park KH, Park DA, Park J, Bang BW, Lee SS, Lee EJ, Kim YJ, Hong SK, Kim YR

BACKGROUND: Acute infectious diarrhea (AID) is a commonly observed condition globally. Several studies recommend against the use of empiric antibiotic therapy for AID, except in some cases of travelers' diarrhea....
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Debridement, Antibiotics and Implant Retention for Early Periprosthetic Infections of the Hip: Outcomes and Influencing Factors

Uriarte I, Moreta J, Mosquera J, Legarreta , Aguirre U, Martínez de los Mozos JL

PURPOSE: Debridement, antibiotics and implant retention (DAIR) is commonly performed and widely accepted for the treatment of acute infections following hip arthroplasty. The aims of this study were to: i)...
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Parkinson's Disease: The Emerging Role of Gut Dysbiosis, Antibiotics, Probiotics, and Fecal Microbiota Transplantation

Dutta SK, Verma S, Jain V, Surapaneni BK, Vinayek R, Phillips L, Nair PP

  • KMID: 2454635
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2019 Jul;25(3):363-376.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm19044
The role of the microbiome in health and human disease has emerged at the forefront of medicine in the 21st century. Over the last 2 decades evidence has emerged to...
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Susceptibility of the Index Urinary Tract Infection to Prophylactic Antibiotics Is a Predictive Factor of Breakthrough Urinary Tract Infection in Children with Primary Vesicoureteral Reflux Receiving Continuous Antibiotic Prophylaxis

Lee JN, Byeon KH, Woo MJ, Baek HS, Cho MH, Jeong SY, Lee SM, Ham JY, Ha YS, Kim HT, Yoo ES, Kwon TG, Chung SK

BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported on breakthrough urinary tract infection (UTI) associated with the susceptibility of index UTI to prophylactic antibiotics in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) receiving continuous...
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Restriction of Central Line Insertion and Prophylactic Antibiotics Usage in Moderate and Late Preterm Infants from a Quality Improvement Perspective

Kim SY, Lee GM, Kim ES

OBJECTIVE: The care provided to moderate and late preterm (MLPT) infants is an area of significant practice variation and most of the quality improvement initiations are for very low birth...
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Empirical Antibiotics in Non-Ventilated Cases of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome

Kang SM, Jo CK, Lee SY, Kim MJ

PURPOSE: Meconium aspiration is assumed to be a risk factor for bacterial infection, and patients with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) are commonly treated with empiric antibiotics in clinical settings. However,...
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Trends in the use of antibiotics among Korean children

Choe YJ, Shin JY

Inappropriate antibiotic use is the most important factor causing increased bacterial resistance to antibiotics, thus affecting patient outcomes. Multidrug-resistant bacteria have become a serious public health threat, causing significant morbidity...
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Are postoperative prophylactic antibiotics in closed reduction of nasal bone fracture valuable?: prospective study of 30 cases

Jang N, Shin HW

BACKGROUND: Prophylactic antibiotic administration after surgery for a nasal bone fracture is performed due to concerns about infection-related complications, such as, toxic shock syndrome. To evaluate the validity and efficacy...
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Essential Basic Bacteriology in Managing Musculoarticuloskeletal Infection: Bacterial Anatomy, Their Behavior, Host Phagocytic Activity, Immune System, Nutrition, And Antibiotics

Moon MS

Surgery-related infections have not been irradicated until now. To solve this problem, it is important to know the relationship between bacterial anatomy and bacterial behavior in the tug-of-war between host...
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Antibiotics Susceptability of Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolated from Single Tertiary Childrens' Hospital Since 2014 and Choice of Appropriate Empirical Antibiotics

Jung J, Yoo RN, Sung H, Kim M, Lee J

PURPOSE: We investigated the distribution and antimicrobial resistance of pneumococcal isolates from hospitalized children at Asan Medical Center for recent 4 years, and aimed to recommend proper choice of empirical...
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Delafloxacin, a New Miracle in Antibiotics Armamentarium for Bacterial Infections

Rahman MS, Koh YS

The persistent antibiotics resistant issue has emerged as an influencing factor to deteriorate community health. So, new antibiotics development is urgent for the treatment of bacterial infections. Alternatively, delafloxacin is...
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Anaphylaxis occurred immediately after prophylactic antibiotics injection with negative intradermal skin test during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Jeong HJ, Kung HC, Park TW, Kang DH, Shin YS, Kim JD

Prophylactic antibiotics that are used to prevent post-operative infection can commonly cause anaphylactic reactions during anesthesia. It is therefore necessary to perform a skin test before antibiotics are administered in...
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Empirical antibiotics for recurrent urinary tract infections in children

Choi HG, Lee JY, Oh CE

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare antibiotic resistance patterns between first urinary tract infection (UTI) and recurrent UTI groups and to obtain information regarding empirical antibiotic selection...
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Influence of Duration of Prophylactic Antibiotics Therapy on Uncertainty of Recovery in Elective Laparoscopic Uterine Myomectomy Patients

Jung MY, Park KY

PURPOSE: The study was done to explore whether the duration of perioperative prophylactic antibiotics therapy influenced uncertainty of recovery in patients with elective laparoscopic uterine myomectomy. METHODS: A prospective study was...
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