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The effect of ginger and metoclopramide in the prevention of nausea and vomiting during and after surgery in cesarean section under spinal anesthesia

Pakniat H, Lalooha F, Movahed F, Boostan A, Khezri MB, Hedberg C, Hosseini M

OBJECTIVE: Postoperative nausea and vomiting is one of the most common side effects after anesthesia in surgeries, such as cesarean section. This study aimed to investigate the effect of ginger...
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Etiology and Related Factors of Postoperative Delirium in Orthopedic Surgery

Song KJ, Ko JH, Kwon TY, Choi BW

BACKGROUND: Delirium is a serious complication for elderly patients after orthopedic surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the etiology and related factors of delirium after orthopedic surgery...
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Spinal anesthesia and postoperative epidural analgesia in a patient with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome: a case report

Choi Y, Lee S, Lee J, Woo S

BACKGROUND: Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare disorder characterized by alveolar hypoventilation and autonomic dysregulation. Patients with CCHS have adequate ventilation while awake but exhibit hypoventilation while asleep....
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Comparison of the immediate hemodynamic changes induced by unilateral and bilateral spinal anesthesia in hypertensive elderly patients

Cho WJ, Yun SH, Oh JH, Lee K, Kim HJ

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the frequency of hypotension and immediate hemodynamic changes induced by unilateral and bilateral spinal anesthesia in hypertensive elderly patients. METHODS: Forty hypertensive...
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Effects of fetal position on maternal hemodynamics after spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery

Park YW, Lee IH

BACKGROUND: Aortocaval compression by the gravid uterus is a known physiological phenomenon that is classically claimed to cause supine hypotension in full-term pregnant women. This study aimed to investigate the...
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A pilot study on the role of autonomic function testing in predicting hypotension in patients undergoing cesarean section under spinal anesthesia

Kim H, An J, Kim E, Lee J, Son J, Woo K, Noh H

BACKGROUND: Maternal hypotension is a common complication during obstetric spinal anesthesia. This study was conducted to investigate the role of autonomic function testing in predicting maternal hypotension during spinal anesthesia...
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Fatal pulmonary aspiration during balanced sedation with dexmedetomidine and midazolam: A case report

Park JH, Kim SY, Kwon MA

Recently, balanced sedation has commonly been used during procedural sedation. Dexmedetomidine is known for its relative safety to cause “conscious sedation” with little respiratory depression but has some limitations such...
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The correlation of heart rate between natural sleep and dexmedetomidine sedation

Kang D, Lim C, Shim DJ, Kim H, Kim JW, Chung HJ, Shin Y, Kim JD, Ryu SJ

BACKGROUND: Sedation by dexmedetomidine, like natural sleep, often causes bradycardia. We explored the nature of heart rate (HR) changes as they occur during natural sleep versus those occurring during dexmedetomidine...
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Sequential intrathecal injection of fentanyl and hyperbaric bupivacaine at different rates: does it make a difference? A randomized controlled trial

Hussien RM, Rabie AH

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that sequential intrathecal injection of fentanyl and hyperbaric bupivacaine for cesarean section (CS) anesthesia provides a superior anesthetic effect than use of bupivacaine alone, and...
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Comparison of the Effects of an Adductor Canal Block and Periarticular Multimodal Drug Local Injection on Pain after a Medial Opening High Tibial Osteotomy

Kim OG, Kim DH, Seo SS, Lee IS

PURPOSE: The efficacy of periarticular multimodal drug injection and adductor canal block after a medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy was compared in terms of the postoperative pain level. MATERIALS AND METHODS:...
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Factors Influencing on Pressure Ulcer Incidence among Older Patients with Hip Fracture in a Hospital

Lee SJ, Jeong JS, Lim KC, Park EY, Kim HY

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the incidence and risks for pressure ulcer among older patients with hip fracture. METHODS: The subject were 215 older patients suffering from hip fracture who...
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Prediction of early postoperative desaturation in extreme older patients after spinal anesthesia for femur fracture surgery: a retrospective analysis

Jo YY, Park CG, Lee JY, Kwon SK, Kwak HJ

BACKGROUND: Postoperative desaturation in older individuals is rarely addressed in the literature. The objective of this retrospective study was to investigate whether a preoperative spirometric test and arterial blood gas...
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A Survey on the Short-term Outcome of Microlumbar Discectomy with General versus Spinal Anesthesia

Dashtbani , Dori MM, Hassani M, Omidi-Kashani F

BACKGROUND: Surgery on the lower thoracic and lumbosacral spine is possible with both general and spinal anesthesia, but most spine surgeons are reluctant to perform the surgery with spinal anesthesia....
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The effect of anesthetic techniques on neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in patients undergoing infraumbilical surgeries

Surhonne N, Hebri C, Kannan S, Duggappa D, RS RR, Mapari CG

BACKGROUND: Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a simple marker in peripheral blood and is used to assess inflammatory response and physiological stress during the peri-operative period. Anesthetic technique may...
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Intraoperative continuous noninvasive hemoglobin monitoring in patients with placenta previa undergoing cesarean section: a prospective observational study

Kim H, Do SH, Hwang JW, Na HS

BACKGROUND: Obstetric patients with placenta previa are at risk for sever peripartum hemorrhage. Early detection of anemia and proper transfusion strategy are important for the management of obstetric hemorrhage. In...
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Anaphylactic reaction with hydroxyethyl starch during anesthesia: A case report

Kim G, Kim G, Kwon M, Koo M, Yun M

BACKGROUND: Hydroxyethyl starch (HES), a class of synthetic colloid solutions, has been widely used to treat perioperative hypovolemia. The use of HES, however, is associated with the risk of allergic...
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Fluid loading during spinal anesthesia can reduce bradycardia after intravenous dexmedetomidine infusion

Lee W, Han Y, Lim SH, Moon SH, Cho K, Kim MH

BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine has been widely used during spinal anesthesia to provide sedation. However, dexmedetomidine frequently causes significant bradycardia. This study was designed to evaluate whether fluid loading could reduce the...
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Spinal Subarachnoid Hematoma after Spinal Anesthesia: A Case Report

Lee JS, Ahn DK, Shin WS, Yoo IS, Lee HY

STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: We report a case of spinal subarachnoid hematoma that developed after spinal anesthesia in a female patient who had no risk factors. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Few...
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The effects of loading dose administration rate of dexmedetomidine on sedation and dexmedetomidine requirement in elderly patients undergoing spinal anesthesia

Kung HC, Cheng CC, Kang DH, Jeong HJ, Shin YS, Kim DS, Ryu SJ, Kim KH, Kim JD

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effect of decrease in loading dose administration rate of dexmedetomidine (DMT) on sedation and DMT requirement in elderly patients. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients over 65 years old...
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Spinal Cord Infarction Following Total Hysterectomy Due to Severe Postpartum Hemorrhage

Kim SR, Park JW, Kim JS

Spinal cord infarction (SCI) is a rare but often disastrous disorder caused by various pathologic status. The research reports a 34-year-old woman developed SCI after spinal anesthesia for relieving labor...
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