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Bronchial Response to High and Low Molecular Weight Occupational Inhalant Allergens

Lipińska-Ojrzanowska A, Nowakowska-Świrta E, Wiszniewska M, Walusiak-Skorupa J

  • Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.
  • 2020 Jan;12(1):164-170.
  • doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.164
PURPOSE: Occupational asthma may be induced by high- or low-molecular weight allergens (HMWA or LMWA, respectively). The study was conducted to compare the pattern of bronchial response in 200 HMWA-induced...
Deep Neural Network-Based Concentration Model for Oak Pollen Allergy Warning in South Korea

Seo YA, Kim KR, Cho C, Oh JW, Kim TH

  • Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.
  • 2020 Jan;12(1):149-163.
  • doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.149
PURPOSE: Oak is the dominant tree species in Korea. Oak pollen has the highest sensitivity rate among all allergenic tree species in Korea. A deep neural network (DNN)-based estimation model...
Antibiotics-Induced Dysbiosis of Intestinal Microbiota Aggravates Atopic Dermatitis in Mice by Altered Short-Chain Fatty Acids

Kim HJ, Lee SH, Hong SJ

  • Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.
  • 2020 Jan;12(1):137-148.
  • doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.137
PURPOSE: Alterations in the intestinal microbiota in early life affects the development of atopic dermatitis (AD) in humans. This study aimed to further investigate the effects of gut dysbiosis in...
Circulating MicroRNAs and T-Cell Cytokine Expression Are Associated With the Characteristics of Asthma Exacerbation

Wardzyńska A, Pawełczyk M, Rywaniak J, Kurowski M, Makowska J, Kowalski M

  • Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.
  • 2020 Jan;12(1):125-136.
  • doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.125
PURPOSE: Immunological mechanisms underlying asthma exacerbation have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess the associations of various asthma exacerbation traits with selected serum microRNA (miRNA)...
Reversal of Olfactory Disturbance in Allergic Rhinitis Related to OMP Suppression by Intranasal Budesonide Treatment

Jung AY, Kim YH

  • Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.
  • 2020 Jan;12(1):110-124.
  • doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.110
PURPOSE: We evaluated the severity of olfactory disturbance (OD) in the murine model of allergic rhinitis (AR) and local allergic rhinitis (LAR) in mice. We also investigated the therapeutic effect...
Efficacy of Allergen Immunotherapy for Allergic Asthma in Real World Practice

Rhyou HI, Nam YH

  • Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.
  • 2020 Jan;12(1):99-109.
  • doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.99
PURPOSE: Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) induces immunological tolerance, and there is increasing evidence of the clinical efficacy of AIT in the treatment of allergic asthma. However, the optimal parameters for asthma...
Associated Factors for Asthma Severity in Korean Children: A Korean Childhood Asthma Study

Lee E, Song DJ, Kim WK, Suh DI, Baek HS, Shin M, Yoo Y, Kim JT, Kwon JW, Jang GC, Lim DH, Yang HJ, Kim HS, Seo JH, Woo SI, Kim HY, Shin YH, Lee JS, Yoon J, Jung S, Han M, Eom E, Yu J

  • Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.
  • 2020 Jan;12(1):86-98.
  • doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.86
PURPOSE: Childhood asthma has a considerable social impact and economic burden, especially in severe asthma. This study aimed to identify the proportion of childhood asthma severity and to evaluate associated...
Risk Factors and Comorbidities Associated With the Allergic Rhinitis Phenotype in Children According to the ARIA Classification

Jung S, Lee SY, Yoon J, Cho HJ, Kim YH, Suh DI, Yang SI, Kwon JW, Jang GC, Sun YH, Woo SI, Youn YS, Park KS, Lee E, Cho HJ, Kook MH, Yi HR, Chung HL, Kim JH, Kim HY, Jung JA, Woo HO, Lee JK, Chang WS, Do NH, Cho H, Hong SJ

  • Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.
  • 2020 Jan;12(1):72-85.
  • doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.72
PURPOSE: Data are lacking on the association between the allergic rhinitis (AR) phenotype and sensitization to specific allergens or bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) in children. We here investigated risk factors and...
Particulate Matter 2.5 Causes Deficiency in Barrier Integrity in Human Nasal Epithelial Cells

Xian M, Ma S, Wang K, Lou H, Wang Y, Zhang L, Wang C, Akdis CA

  • Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.
  • 2020 Jan;12(1):56-71.
  • doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.56
PURPOSE: The effect of air pollution-related particulate matter (PM) on epithelial barrier function and tight junction (TJ) expression in human nasal mucosa has not been studied to date. This study...
Elastase-Positive Neutrophils Are Associated With Refractoriness of Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps in an Asian Population

Kim DK, Kim JY, Han YE, Kim JK, Lim HS, Eun KM, Yang SK, Kim DW

  • Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.
  • 2020 Jan;12(1):42-55.
  • doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.42
PURPOSE: Various immune cells, including eosinophils and neutrophils, are known to contribute to the development of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). However, the current understanding of the role of...
Critical Points on the Use of Biologicals in Allergic Diseases and Asthma

Agache I, Cojanu C, Laculiceanu A, Rogozea L

  • Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.
  • 2020 Jan;12(1):24-41.
  • doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.24
Improved understanding of the contribution of immune-inflammatory mechanisms in allergic diseases and asthma has encouraged development of biologicals and small molecules specifically targeting the innate and adaptive immune response. There...
MicroRNAs in Asthma and Respiratory Infections: Identifying Common Pathways

Taka S, Tzani-Tzanopoulou P, Wanstall H, Papadopoulos NG

  • Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.
  • 2020 Jan;12(1):4-23.
  • doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.4
MicroRNAs (miRs) are single-stranded RNAs of 18-25 nucleotides. These molecules regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level; several of these are differentially expressed in asthma as well as in viral...
Understanding the Role of Neutrophils in Refractoriness of Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps

Lan F, Zhang L

  • Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.
  • 2020 Jan;12(1):1-3.
  • doi: 10.4168/aair.2020.12.1.1
No abstract available.

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