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Clinical Characteristics and Prognostic Factors of Children with Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Kim SH, Samadov F, Mukhamedov A, Kong J, Ko A, Kim YM, Lee YJ, Nam SO

PURPOSE: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a group of clinical syndromes involving acute polyneuropathy secondary to an immune-mediated process. Although affected children generally tend to have a good prognosis, a small...
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Diagnostic Usefulness of Digital Infrared Thermal Image in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Park J, Lee JW, Lee SE, Kim BH, Park D

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of infrared thermography in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome by comparing with electrodiagnostic and ultrasonographic findings. METHOD: From January 2014...
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Cordycepin protects against β-amyloid and ibotenic acid-induced hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neuronal hyperactivity

Yao LH, Wang J, Liu C, Wei S, Li G, Wang S, Meng W, Liu ZB, Huang LP

Cordycepin exerts neuroprotective effects against excitotoxic neuronal death. However, its direct electrophysiological evidence in Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the electrophysiological mechanisms underlying the protective...
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The Effect of Cryopreservation of Allograft Nerve on the Recovery of Motor Function

Choi SS, Park I, Hyun JK, Jung JU, Kim JP

PURPOSE: Peripheral nerve allograft can be an acceptable alternative, but it has not yet become clinically useful because of immune response to foreign tissue. With significant advances in the research...
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Antitumor profiles and cardiac electrophysiological effects of aurora kinase inhibitor ZM447439

Lee HA, Kwon M, Kim HA, Kim KS

Aurora kinases inhibitors, including ZM447439 (ZM), which suppress cell division, have attracted a great deal of attention as potential novel anti-cancer drugs. Several recent studies have confirmed the anti-cancer effects...
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Abrupt Change in Electrophysiological Properties Begins From Postnatal Day 7 Before Hearing Onset in the Developing Mice Auditory Cortical Layer II/III Neurons

Ahn SC

OBJECTIVES: In the developing auditory cortex, maturation of electrophysiological properties and cell types before and after hearing onset has been reported previously. However, the exact timing of firing pattern change...
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Effect of Cochlear Implant Electrode Array Design on Electrophysiological and Psychophysical Measures: Lateral Wall versus Perimodiolar Types

Lee JY, Hong SH, Moon IJ, Kim EY, Baek E, Seol HY, Kang S

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to investigate whether the cochlear implant electrode array design affects the electrophysiological and psychophysical measures. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eighty five ears were used as...
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Quantitative Measurement of Laryngeal Electromyography Using Motor Unit Action Potential in Unilateral Vocal Cord Paralysis

Ha R, Kim DY, Kim DH, Woo JH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) is valuable to evaluate the innervation status of the laryngeal muscles and the prognosis of vocal fold paralysis (VFP). However, there is a lack...
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Basal Forebrain Cholinergic-induced Activation of Cholecystokinin Inhibitory Neurons in the Basolateral Amygdala

Lee S, Kim JH

The basolateral amygdala (BLA) receives dense projections from cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain. Acetylcholine can contributes to amygdala-dependent behaviors: formation and extinction of fear memory and appetitive instrumental learning....
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Introduction to in silico model for proarrhythmic risk assessment under the CiPA initiative

Park JS, Jeon JY, Yang JH, Kim MG

In 2005, the International Council for Harmonization (ICH) established cardiotoxicity assessment guidelines to identify the risk of Torsade de Pointes (TdP). It is focused on the blockade of the human...
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The Correlation of the Grading of Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neurotoxicity (CIPN) Using the Total Neuropathy Score-Reduced and Various Electrophysiological Parameters in Breast Cancer Patients

Kim SY, Yang HJ, Koh SJ

BACKGROUND: The accurate grading of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) represents an unsolved issue. This study evaluated usefulness of the reduced version of Total Neuropathy Score TNS (TNSr) and the correlation...
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Could Ultrasound-Guided Stimulation of Sural Nerve Affect Nerve Conduction Study?

Choi H, Chung SY, Kang S, Son SH, Yoon JS

OBJECTIVE: To determine anatomical variation of the sural nerve (SN) by ultrasonography (US) and compare sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) of the SN obtained by a control method to that...
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Pharmacological Dissection of Intrinsic Optical Signal Reveals a Functional Coupling between Synaptic Activity and Astrocytic Volume Transient

Woo J, Han YE, Koh W, Won J, Park MG, An H, Lee CJ

The neuronal activity-dependent change in the manner in which light is absorbed or scattered in brain tissue is called the intrinsic optical signal (IOS), and provides label-free, minimally invasive, and...
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Pre- and Postsynaptic Actions of Reactive Oxygen Species and Nitrogen Species in Spinal Substantia Gelatinosa Neurons

Park A, Chun SW

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitrogen species (RNS) are involved in cellular signaling processes as a cause of oxidative stress. According to recent studies, ROS and RNS are important signaling...
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Effect of carbamazepine on tetrodotoxin-resistant Na⁺ channels in trigeminal ganglion neurons innervating to the dura

Han JE, Cho JH, Nakamura M, Lee MG, Jang IS

Migraine is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent and disabling severe headaches. Although several anticonvulsant drugs that block voltage-dependent Na⁺ channels are widely used for migraine, far less is known...
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Neuromonitoring for Spinal Cord Stimulation Lead Placement Under General Anesthesia

Shils JL, Arle JE

Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a common therapeutic technique for treating medically refractory neuropathic back and other limb pain syndromes. SCS has historically been performed using a sedative anesthetic technique...
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Efficacy of Anal Needle Electrodes for Intraoperative Spinal Cord Monitoring with Transcranial Muscle Action Potentials

Kobayashi , Ando K, Yagi H, Ito K, Tsushima M, Morozumi M, Tanaka S, Machino M, Ota K, Matsuyama , Ishiguro N, Imagama S

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between postoperative bowel bladder disorder (BBD) and the efficacy of needle electrodes for the external anal sphincter (EAS) in intraoperative spinal cord...
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Electrophysiological and radiological evidence for the multifocal nature of a case of multifocal acquired demyelinating sensory and motor neuropathy

Seong GH, Bae JS, Ryu S

Multifocal acquired demyelinating sensory and motor (MADSAM) neuropathy is a variant of chronic acquired demyelinating polyneuropathy. A 65-year-old women presented with upper arm weakness. A nerve conduction study showed conduction...
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Comparison of electrophysiological properties of two types of pre-sympathetic neurons intermingled in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus

Shen Y, Han SK, Ryu PD

The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) contains two types of neurons projecting to either the rostral ventrolateral medulla (PVN(RVLM)) or the intermediolateral horn (IML) of the spinal cord (PVN(IML)). These two...
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Short-Term Clinical Outcome of Neuro One® System Cochlear Implantation in Korean Adults

Lee YW, Kim MB, Chang SO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed short-term clinical outcome and safety of Neuro One® (Oticon Medical) cochlear implantation on postlingually deafened Korean adults. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A prospective study was performed...
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