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1Korean J Nutr. 2006 Apr;39(3):286-298. Korean.

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Nutritional Status and Related Factors of the Elderly in Longevity Areas: III. Relation among Self-rated Health, Health-related Behaviors, and Nutrient Intake in Rural Elderly.  

Choe JS, Kwon SO, Paik HY.

National Rural Resources Development Institute, RDA, Suwon 441-853, Korea. choejs@rda.go.kr
Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea.

Abstract
The study aimed to identify major factors related to global self-rated health of the community-dwelling elderly people in rural areas. Interviews were conducted with 433 persons over 65 years of age. The socio-economic characteristics, chronic disease status, measures of functional and mental health, life satisfaction, health-related behaviors including smoking, drinking, exercise, social activity, dietary habit, and food intakes were analyzed to determine their influence on self-rated health index. Data on food intake were obtained through the 24-hour recall method. The self-rated health of rural elderly was poor or very poor as reported by 42.6% and 52.4% of the men and women, respectively. Poor self-rated health was found to be related to elderly aged 65~74, female, absence of work, more chronic diseases, dependence on Instrumental Activity Daily Living (IADL), higher mental unhealthy days, lower current life satisfaction, less social activity, lower dietary habit scores, lower intake of total food, fruit, eggs, fishes and shell fishes, vitamin C (%RDA), and Nutrient Adequacy Ratio (NAR). The results of the multiple regression analysis showed that poor self-rated health index is significantly associated with more chronic diseases, mental unhealthy days, gastrointestinal disease, musculoskeletal disease, less social activity, and lower intake of fruits. The results also suggested that improving the nutritional status and functional ability, and reducing the burden of chronic diseases are beneficial to the self-rated health index of the elderly.

  This article has been cited by 8 articles in  KoMCI

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